Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
hillock, mound
Kun:
つか-づか
On:
チョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
869 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 円塚 【マルヅカ】 round burial mound

Kun reading compounds

  • 塚 【つか】 mound, heap, hillock, burial mound, tomb, tumulus, barrow, gravesite, standing stone, stone signpost, roadside stone statue
  • 塚穴 【つかあな】 grave
  • 高塚 【たかつか】 tumulus, burial mound

Readings

Japanese names:
ずか、 つ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong3
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • altozano
  • montículo

Portuguese

  • morro
  • monte

French

  • butte
  • tertre
  • borne
  • tombe
1607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
782 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1104 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1844 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1751 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1875 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1889 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
381 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
675 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
406 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
509 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1048 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5345 Morohashi
556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 New Nelson (John Haig)
1039 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1515 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1451 2001 Kanji
3b9.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
4713.2 Four corner code
1-36-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
585a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
run 走 (赱)
Parts:
surpass, cross over, move to, exceed, Vietnam
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
897 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 越 【エツ】 Yue (kingdom in ancient China; 6th C-334 BCE), Vietnam
  • 越年 【エツネン】 seeing the old year out, greeting the New Year, passing the winter, hibernation, playing more than the usual 12 rounds in one game
  • 優越 【ユウエツ】 supremacy, predominance, being superior to
  • 卓越 【タクエツ】 preeminence, excellence, superiority, transcendence
  • 越年 【エツネン】 seeing the old year out, greeting the New Year, passing the winter, hibernation, playing more than the usual 12 rounds in one game
  • 越年蝶 【オツネンチョウ】 eastern pale clouded yellow (butterfly, Colias erate)
  • 檀越 【ダンオツ】 alms-giver, person who donates to a monk or a temple, dana-pati

Kun reading compounds

  • 越す 【こす】 to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across, to get over (e.g. hardship), to pass time (e.g. a winter), to surpass, to be better than, to exceed, to move house, to go, to come
  • 越える 【こえる】 to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of), to go beyond, to go past, to exceed, to surpass, to be more (than)

Readings

Japanese names:
えち、 えっ、 お、 こえ、 こし、 ごえ、 ごし、 ごや
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yue4
Korean:
weol, hwal

Spanish

  • sobrepasar
  • cruzar
  • exceder
  • moverse

Portuguese

  • superar
  • exceder
  • Vietnã

French

  • doubler
  • traverser
  • muter
  • surpasser
  • Vietnam
1021 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
529 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4542 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1021 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
934 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2052 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1001 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1038 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1073 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1756 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2085 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2825 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
393 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
37110 Morohashi
3314 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5851 New Nelson (John Haig)
387 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
413 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1588 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1470 2001 Kanji
4n8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-7-5 SKIP code
4380.5 Four corner code
1-17-59 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8d8a Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
house on cliff 广
Parts:
广
Variants:
wide, broad, spacious
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
263 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 広告 【コウコク】 advertisement, advertising, announcement, notice
  • 広大 【コウダイ】 vast, extensive, immense, huge, large, grand, magnificent
  • 曠々 【コウコウ】 extensive, spacious

Kun reading compounds

  • 広い 【ひろい】 spacious, vast, wide
  • 広い支持 【ひろいしじ】 broad support, wide-ranging support
  • 広まる 【ひろまる】 to spread, to be propagated
  • 広める 【ひろめる】 to spread, to propagate, to popularize, to disseminate, to broaden, to extend, to widen, to enlarge
  • 広がる 【ひろがる】 to spread (out), to extend, to stretch, to reach to, to get around, to fill (e.g. a space)
  • 広げる 【ひろげる】 to spread, to extend, to expand, to enlarge, to widen, to broaden, to unfold, to open, to unroll, to unwrap, to scatter about, to spread around, to make flourish, to cause to prosper

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guang3, an1
Korean:
gwang

Spanish

  • amplio
  • ancho
  • espacioso
  • ensancharse
  • ensanchar
  • extenderse
  • extender

Portuguese

  • largo
  • vasto
  • espaçoso

French

  • vaste
  • large
  • spacieux
211 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
127 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
114 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
311 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
303 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
164 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
316 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
694 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
707 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
113 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
581 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3769 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1921 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2613 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
747 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9224P Morohashi
3035 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1604 New Nelson (John Haig)
739 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
799 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
389 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
108 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
571 2001 Kanji
3q2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-2 SKIP code
0023.2 Four corner code
1-25-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e83 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
large, big
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
7 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 大 【ダイ】 large, big, great, huge, vast, major, important, serious, severe, great, prominent, eminent, distinguished, -sized, as big as, the size of, university, large (e.g. serving size), large option, long month (i.e. having 31 days)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 university, college, former imperial university of Japan (established under the ritsuryō system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 拡大 【カクダイ】 expansion, extension, magnification, enlargement, escalation, spread
  • 増大 【ゾウダイ】 enlargement, increase
  • 大 【タイ】 nth year in the Taishō era (1912.7.30-1926.12.25)
  • 大使館 【タイシカン】 embassy
  • 負荷増大 【フカゾウタイ】 load increase
  • 御大 【オンタイ】 boss, governor, headman

Kun reading compounds

  • 大きい 【おおきい】 big, large, great, loud, extensive, spacious, important, decisive, valuable, older, grown up

Readings

Japanese names:
うふ、 お、 おう、 た、 たかし、 とも、 はじめ、 ひろ、 ひろし、 まさ、 まさる、 もと、 わ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
da4, dai4
Korean:
dae, da, tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • muy
  • mucho

Portuguese

  • grande
  • enorme

French

  • grand
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
25 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
53 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
7 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1171 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
32 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
40 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
48 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
26 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
87 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
408 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2133 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2882 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
108 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5831 Morohashi
3416 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1133 New Nelson (John Haig)
107 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
112 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
14 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a3.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
1-34-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5927 Unicode hex code