Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
hillock, mound
Kun:
つか-づか
On:
チョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
869 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 円塚 【マルヅカ】 round burial mound

Kun reading compounds

  • 塚 【つか】 mound, heap, hillock, burial mound, tomb, tumulus, barrow, gravesite, standing stone, stone signpost, roadside stone statue
  • 塚穴 【つかあな】 grave
  • 高塚 【たかつか】 tumulus, burial mound

Readings

Japanese names:
ずか、 つ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong3
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • altozano
  • montículo

Portuguese

  • morro
  • monte

French

  • butte
  • tertre
  • borne
  • tombe
1607 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
782 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1104 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1844 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1751 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1875 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1889 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
381 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
675 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
406 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
509 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1048 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5345 Morohashi
556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 New Nelson (John Haig)
1039 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1515 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1451 2001 Kanji
3b9.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
4713.2 Four corner code
1-36-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
585a Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
cliff
Parts:
Variants:
meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness
Kun:
はら
On:
ゲン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
172 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 原 【ゲン】 original, primitive, primary, fundamental, raw
  • 原因 【ゲンイン】 cause, origin, source
  • 復元 【フクゲン】 restoration (to original state or location), reconstruction, reversion
  • 中原 【チュウゲン】 middle of a field, middle of a country, field of contest

Kun reading compounds

  • 原 【はら】 field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
  • 原っぱ 【はらっぱ】 open field, empty lot, plain
  • 萩原 【はぎはら】 reedy field
  • 笹原 【ささはら】 field of bamboo grass

Readings

Japanese names:
た、 ばる、 ら、 わた、 わら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • origen
  • pradera
  • prado
  • campo

Portuguese

  • prado
  • original
  • primitivo
  • campo
  • planície
  • pradaria
  • tundra
  • sertão

French

  • pré
  • prairie
  • champ
  • original
  • primitif
  • toundra
  • désert (étendue sauvage)
205 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
107 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
132 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
825 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
202 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
388 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1231 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
136 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
405 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
260 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3733 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1910 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2593 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
136 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2973 Morohashi
3009 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
652 New Nelson (John Haig)
134 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
142 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
113 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
192 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3341 2001 Kanji
2p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-8 SKIP code
7129.6 Four corner code
1-24-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
539f Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
246 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 直 【チョク】 direct, in person, frankness, honesty, simplicity, cheerfulness, correctness, being straight, night duty, shift (e.g. in a factory)
  • 直接 【チョクセツ】 direct, immediate, personal, firsthand
  • 硬直 【コウチョク】 stiffening, rigidity, rigor, stiffness, ossification, petrification
  • 宿直 【シュクチョク】 night watch, night guard, night shift
  • 直 【ジキ】 soon, in a moment, before long, shortly, nearby, close, direct, spot transaction, cash transaction
  • 直に 【ジキニ】 immediately, right away, at once, soon, shortly, in a moment, before long, easily, readily
  • 高直 【コウジキ】 expensive, valuable
  • バカ正直 【バカショウジキ】 honest to a fault, foolishly honest, naively honest
  • 直 【ジカ】 direct
  • 直に 【ジカニ】 directly, in person, firsthand

Kun reading compounds

  • 直ちに 【ただちに】 at once, immediately, right away, without delay, directly (face, lead to, etc.), automatically (mean, result in, etc.)
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again, to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform
  • 直る 【なおる】 to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed, to return to normal, to recover (e.g. one's temper), to be restored, to improve, to rally, to come right, to be corrected, to get put right, to be rectified, to come right, to cure (itself), to get cured, to sit properly, to be promoted, to rise, to have one's crimes forgiven
  • 直き 【なおき】 straight, upright
  • 直ぐ 【すぐ】 immediately, at once, right away, directly, soon, before long, shortly, easily, readily, without difficulty, right (near), nearby, just (handy), honest, upright, frank, straightforward
  • 直ぐに 【すぐに】 immediately, right away, at once, instantly
  • 真直ぐ 【ますぐ】 straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect, straightforward, honest, frank

Readings

Japanese names:
すぐ、 なお、 のう、 のお
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2
Korean:
jig

Spanish

  • derecho
  • recto
  • correcto
  • de inmediato
  • arreglar
  • reparar
  • arreglarse
  • repararse

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • honestidade
  • franqueza
  • consertar
  • reparo

French

  • droit devant
  • directement
  • honnêteté
  • franchise
  • réparer
  • guérir
  • tout de suite
472 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
349 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
329 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
775 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
758 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
988 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.3 Japanese for Busy People
423 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
429 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
220 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1377 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3649 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
73 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23136 Morohashi
2932 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3908 New Nelson (John Haig)
73 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
77 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
214 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
162 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1575 2001 Kanji
2k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-1-7 SKIP code
2-2-6 SKIP code
4071.6 Four corner code
1-36-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
76f4 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
precious, value, prize, esteem, honor
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
970 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 貴 【キ】 your, indicates high rank or status, indicates love and respect (usu. for an older person)
  • 貴重 【キチョウ】 precious, valuable
  • 騰貴 【トウキ】 rise (in price or value), appreciation, advance
  • 富貴 【フウキ】 riches and honours (honors), wealth and rank

Kun reading compounds

  • 尊い 【とうとい】 precious, valuable, priceless, noble, exalted, sacred
  • 貴い家柄 【たっといいえがら】 noble birth
  • 尊い 【とうとい】 precious, valuable, priceless, noble, exalted, sacred
  • 貴ぶ 【とうとぶ】 to value, to prize, to esteem, to respect
  • 貴ぶ 【とうとぶ】 to value, to prize, to esteem, to respect

Readings

Japanese names:
きよ、 ぎ、 たか、 たかし、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gui4
Korean:
gwi

Spanish

  • precioso
  • valioso
  • valorar
  • apreciar
  • estimar

Portuguese

  • precioso
  • valor
  • prêmio
  • estima
  • honra

French

  • précieux
  • de valeur
  • prisé
  • estimé
  • honneur
756 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
847 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
834 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1119 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4504 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
616 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1779 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1755 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1171 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1228 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
855 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1729 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3220 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1669 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2260 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1787 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36704 Morohashi
2606 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5794 New Nelson (John Haig)
1771 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1908 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
940 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1661 2001 Kanji
7b5.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-7 SKIP code
2-4-8 SKIP code
5080.6 Four corner code
1-21-14 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8cb4 Unicode hex code