Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
strict, hard, solid, tough, tight, reliable
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1049 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 堅 【ケン】 strength, solidity, firmness, armour, armor
  • 堅実 【ケンジツ】 steady, sound, reliable, solid
  • 中堅 【チュウケン】 nucleus, backbone, mainstay, key figure, medium-level, mid-level, middle-ranking, midsize, main body (of troops), crack troops, select troops, center field, centre field, center fielder, centre fielder, athlete competing in the middle-number match in a team competition, i.e. second in 3-on-3, third in 5-on-5 (kendo, judo, etc.)
  • 米利堅 【メリケン】 America, American, fist

Kun reading compounds

  • 硬い 【かたい】 hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy
  • 堅い商売 【かたいしょうばい】 sound business

Readings

Japanese names:
きん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jian1
Korean:
gyeon

Spanish

  • duro
  • sólido
  • firme
  • apretado
  • estricto

Portuguese

  • de confiança
  • apertado
  • duro
  • sólido
  • firme
  • estrito

French

  • tenace
  • dur
  • strict
  • solide
  • ferme
  • fiable
1217 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
914 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1096 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
995 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1155 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1796 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1289 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1363 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1228 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
356 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3502 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1805 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
861 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5210 Morohashi
2823 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1038 New Nelson (John Haig)
853 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
917 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1513 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3472 2001 Kanji
3b9.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-3 SKIP code
2-8-3 SKIP code
7710.4 Four corner code
1-23-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5805 Unicode hex code

調

15 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
tune, tone, meter, key (music), writing style, prepare, exorcise, investigate, harmonize, mediate
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
87 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 調 【チョウ】 pitch, tone, key, time, tempo, mood, tendency, style, tax paid in kind (ritsuryō period), first a tax on rice fields and households, then on individuals
  • 調査 【チョウサ】 investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
  • 強調 【キョウチョウ】 emphasis, stress, highlighting, underlining, underscoring, accentuating (a feature or certain part), accenting, strong tone (of the market), firm tone
  • 協調 【キョウチョウ】 cooperation, conciliation, harmony, coordination

Kun reading compounds

  • 調べる 【しらべる】 to examine, to look up, to investigate, to check up, to sense, to study, to inquire, to search
  • 調べ 【しらべ】 investigation, inspection, examination, tune, note, melody
  • 調べる 【しらべる】 to examine, to look up, to investigate, to check up, to sense, to study, to inquire, to search
  • 取り調べ 【とりしらべ】 investigation (e.g. by police or prosecutors), examination, inquiry, enquiry
  • 整う 【ととのう】 to be ready, to be prepared, to be arranged, to be in order, to be put in order, to be well-ordered, to be well-proportioned, to be harmonious, to be adjusted, to be regulated, to be refined (e.g. of a face), to be settled (e.g. treaty, contract), to be completed
  • 整える 【ととのえる】 to put in order, to arrange, to tidy up, to straighten, to adjust, to fix, to get ready, to prepare, to arrange, to supply, to assemble, to buy, to work out (e.g. business deal), to arrange (e.g. marriage), to settle

Readings

Japanese names:
ぎ、 つぎ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
diao4, tiao2
Korean:
jo, ju

Spanish

  • melodía
  • tono
  • investigar
  • comprobar
  • arreglar
  • poner en orden

Portuguese

  • canção
  • tom
  • métrica
  • clave (música)
  • estilo de escrever
  • preparar
  • exorcisar
  • investigar

French

  • enquête
  • mélodie
  • ton (majeur/mineur)
  • style d'écriture
  • préparer
  • exorciser
471 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
369 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
348 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
108 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4392 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
376 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
906 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2328 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
342 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
342 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
210 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1699 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1973 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1051 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1417 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
355 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35609P Morohashi
1567 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5647 New Nelson (John Haig)
349 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
373 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
219 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
434 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3049 2001 Kanji
7a8.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-8 SKIP code
0762.0 Four corner code
1-36-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8abf Unicode hex code