Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
slope, incline, hill
Kun:
さか
On:
ハン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
865 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 坂路 【ハンロ】 ramp, slope
  • 京阪 【ケイハン】 Kyoto and Osaka, Kyoto-Osaka area
  • 登坂 【トウハン】 climbing a slope (hill), ascending a hill

Kun reading compounds

  • 坂 【さか】 slope, incline, hill, milestone, (age) mark
  • 坂道 【さかみち】 hill road
  • 大阪 【おおさか】 Osaka (city, prefecture)
  • 海境 【うなさか】 boundary between the world of men and the world of the sea god

Readings

Japanese names:
か、 ざ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ban3
Korean:
pan

Spanish

  • cuesta
  • pendiente

Portuguese

  • rampa
  • inclinação
  • morro

French

  • pente
  • incliner
  • colline
304 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
394 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
372 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
595 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1061 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
343 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
428 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
390 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
443 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
449 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
605 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
370 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
275 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
172 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
206 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
731 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4910 Morohashi
234 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
985 New Nelson (John Haig)
723 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
780 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
282 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
3b4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4114.7 Four corner code
1-26-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5742 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Kun:
もと
On:
ホン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
10 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 本 【ホン】 book, volume, script, this, present, current, ... in question, ... at issue, main, head, principal, real, genuine, regular, proper, counter for long, cylindrical things, counter for films, TV shows, etc., counter for goals, home runs, etc., counter for telephone calls
  • 本当 【ホントウ】 truth, reality, actuality, fact, proper, right, correct, official, genuine, authentic, real, natural, veritable
  • 製本 【セイホン】 book making (binding, publishing)
  • 配本 【ハイホン】 distribution of books

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, base, mix, stock, (someone's) side, (someone's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元々 【もともと】 originally, by nature, from the start
  • 大本 【おおもと】 root, origin, source, cause, basis, foundation, Ōmoto (religion)
  • 旗本 【はたもと】 shogunal vassal, direct retainer of a shogun

Readings

Japanese names:
まと、 ごう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ben3
Korean:
bon

Spanish

  • libro
  • origen
  • base
  • contador de cosas alargadas

Portuguese

  • livro
  • presente
  • real
  • verdadeiro
  • principal
  • sufixo p/ contagem De coisas longas

French

  • livre
  • présent
  • essentiel
  • origine
  • principal
  • réalité
  • vérité
  • compteur d'objets allongés
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
76 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
70 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
15 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
96 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
20 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
61 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
212 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
25 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
25 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
37 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1046 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4314 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2183 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2937 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
215 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14421 Morohashi
3502 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2536 New Nelson (John Haig)
211 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
47 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1855 2001 Kanji
0a5.25 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5023.0 Four corner code
1-43-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672c Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子孫 【シソン】 descendant, posterity, offspring
  • 男子 【ダンシ】 boy, man, male
  • 女子 【ジョシ】 woman, girl
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 久留子 【クルス】 cross sign
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, kid, teenager, youngster, young (non-adult) person, (one's) child, offspring, young woman, young (animal), offshoot, interest, new share, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), young geisha, young prostitute, bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 判子 【はんこ】 seal (used in lieu of a signature), stamp, chop
  • 売れっ子 【うれっこ】 popular figure, person in demand, favorite, favourite
  • 子 【ね】 the Rat (first sign of the Chinese zodiac), hour of the Rat (around midnight, 11pm to 1am, or 12 midnight to 2am), north, eleventh month of the lunar calendar
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 Metal Rat (37th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1960, 2020, 2080)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 Wood Rat (1st year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1924, 1984, 2044)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
1-27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code