Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
soil, earth, ground, Turkey
Kun:
つち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 土地 【トチ】 plot of land, lot, soil, locality, region, place
  • 浄土 【ジョウド】 pure land (esp. the Western Pure Land paradise of Amitabha), (Buddhist) paradise, Pure Land Buddhism
  • 郷土 【キョウド】 native place, birth-place, one's old home, province, region, locality
  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 時計 【トケイ】 watch, clock, timepiece
  • 下土 【カド】 lower world, this world, the earth
  • 率土 【ソット】 face of the earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 土 【つち】 earth, soil, dirt, clay, mud, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in Onmyōdō)
  • 土方 【どかた】 construction worker, laborer (labourer), navvy
  • 盛り土 【もりど】 embankment (for road, railway, etc.), raising the ground level, fill
  • 赤土 【あかつち】 red clay, tuff loam, dark-red paint

Readings

Japanese names:
つ、 つく、 は、 ひじ
Chinese:
tu3
Korean:
to, du

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • Turquía

Portuguese

  • solo
  • terra
  • chão
  • Turquia

French

  • sol
  • terre
  • terrain
  • Turquie
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
60 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
316 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1050 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
19 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
37 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
42 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
24 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
347 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4211 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2127 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2875 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
152 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4867 Morohashi
3403 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
966 New Nelson (John Haig)
150 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
360 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
22 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
3b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
4010.0 Four corner code
37-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
571f Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
Variants:
lot, earth, soil
Kun:
つち
On:
ジョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1407 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 壌土 【ジョウド】 soil, loamy soil, loam, soil with clay content of 25-37.5%
  • 平壌 【ピョンヤン】 Pyongyang (North Korea)
  • 黄壌 【コウジョウ】 yellow soil, loess, Hades, hell, underworld, world of the dead

Readings

Chinese:
rang3
Korean:
yang

Spanish

  • tierra
  • suelo
  • terreno blando

Portuguese

  • muito
  • terra
  • solo

French

  • lot de terrain
  • sol
  • terrain
1421 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1886 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1143 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1844 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1172 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1912 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2088 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1650 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
391 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
933 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
523 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
683 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1543 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
755 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1098 New Nelson (John Haig)
1529 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1649 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1824 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1465 2001 Kanji
3b13.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-13 SKIP code
4013.2 Four corner code
30-77 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
58cc Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
dirty, pollute, disgrace, rape, defile
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
908 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 汚水 【オスイ】 filthy water, sewage
  • 汚職 【オショク】 corruption
  • 貪汚 【タンオ】 greed, corruption

Kun reading compounds

  • 汚す 【よごす】 to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain, to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
  • 汚れる 【けがれる】 to be violated, to be corrupted, to be polluted, to be stained
  • 汚らわしい 【けがらわしい】 filthy, unfair, dirty, untouchable, disgusting, nasty, foul, odious, repulsive
  • 汚す 【よごす】 to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain, to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
  • 汚れる 【よごれる】 to get dirty, to become dirty, to become sullied, to become corrupted, to lose one's chastity
  • 汚い 【きたない】 dirty, filthy, foul, unclean, disordered, messy, untidy, poor (e.g. handwriting), indecent (language, etc.), dirty, vulgar, coarse, dastardly, mean, base, underhanded, stingy, greedy
  • 汚い手を使う 【きたないてをつかう】 to play a dirty trick, to use underhanded methods, to hit below the belt, to play false

Readings

Chinese:
wu1
Korean:
o

Spanish

  • sucio
  • manchado
  • manchar
  • deshonrar
  • ensuciar
  • difamar
  • obsceno
  • ensuciarse

Portuguese

  • sujo
  • poluir
  • desgraça
  • estupro
  • sujar

French

  • sale
  • polluer
  • disgrâce
  • profaner
  • souiller
1031 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1246 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2494 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1531 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
666 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
693 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
706 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
907 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1158 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
258 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
196 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1253 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17133 Morohashi
222 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3047 New Nelson (John Haig)
1245 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1334 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1083 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
352 2001 Kanji
3a3.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
1-3-4 SKIP code
3112.7 Four corner code
17-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c5a Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
dye, color, paint, stain, print
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
837 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 染色体 【センショクタイ】 chromosome
  • 染色 【センショク】 dyeing, staining, dyed colour (color)
  • 媒染 【バイセン】 color fixing, colour fixing, mordantizing
  • 複合汚染 【フクゴウオセン】 multiple contamination

Kun reading compounds

  • 染める 【そめる】 to dye, to colour, to color
  • 染まる 【そまる】 to be dyed, to be tainted, to be infected, to be stained, to be steeped
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression
  • 染み 【しみ】 stain, spot, smudge, blot, smear, blotch, spot (on one's skin, e.g. chloasma, liver spot), blemish, discoloration, freckle
  • 染みる 【しみる】 to pierce, to penetrate, to soak in, to permeate, to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.), to smart, to twinge, to be infected (with vice), to be steeped (with prejudice), to be influenced, to feel keenly, to make a deep impression

Readings

Japanese names:
そめ
Chinese:
ran3
Korean:
yeom

Spanish

  • tinte
  • teñir
  • contagiar
  • colorear
  • manchar
  • mancha

Portuguese

  • tinta
  • cor
  • pintura
  • tingir
  • impressão

French

  • teindre
  • tache
  • pollution
  • colorer
  • peindre
  • imprimer
928 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
917 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1161 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2240 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
974 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1426 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
968 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
779 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
793 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
908 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1058 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3181 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1640 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2229 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
220 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14621 Morohashi
2572 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2636 New Nelson (John Haig)
509 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
548 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
889 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
4a5.35 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-4 SKIP code
3490.4 Four corner code
32-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
67d3 Unicode hex code