Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
soil, earth, ground, Turkey
Kun:
つち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth, dirt, soil, land, lands, ground, earth (third of the five elements)
  • 土地 【トチ】 plot of land, lot, soil, locality, region, place
  • 浄土 【ジョウド】 pure land (esp. the Western Pure Land paradise of Amitabha), (Buddhist) paradise, Pure Land Buddhism
  • 郷土 【キョウド】 native place, birth-place, one's old home, province, region, locality
  • 土 【ト】 Turkey
  • 時計 【トケイ】 clock, watch, timepiece
  • 下土 【カド】 lower world, this world, the earth
  • 率土 【ソット】 face of the earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 土 【つち】 earth, soil, dirt, clay, mud, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in Onmyōdō)
  • 土方 【どかた】 construction worker, laborer (labourer), navvy
  • 盛り土 【もりど】 embankment (for road, railway, etc.), raising the ground level, fill
  • 赤土 【あかつち】 red clay, tuff loam, dark-red paint

Readings

Japanese names:
つく、 は、 ひじ
Chinese:
tu3
Korean:
to, du

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • Turquía

Portuguese

  • solo
  • terra
  • chão
  • Turquia

French

  • sol
  • terre
  • terrain
  • Turquie
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
60 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
316 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1050 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
19 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
37 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
42 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
24 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
347 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4211 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2127 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2875 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
152 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4867 Morohashi
3403 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
966 New Nelson (John Haig)
150 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
360 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
22 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
3b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
4010.0 Four corner code
1-37-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
571f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地位 【チイ】 (social) position, status
  • 奥地 【オクチ】 interior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions
  • 対地 【タイチ】 ground to ground
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, captured territory (in the game of go), noh chorus, accompaniment music (in Japanese dance), basic phrase (in Japanese music; usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地合い 【ジアイ】 texture (cloth, fabric, paper), market tone, undertone, balance between the position of white and black stones (in go)
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Chinese:
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
1-35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
current, a sink, flow, forfeit
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
280 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 流 【リュウ】 fashion, way, style, manner, school (of thought), class, rank, rate, current (electrical, water, etc.), flow, stream
  • 旒 【リュウ】 counter for flags, banners, etc.
  • 清流 【セイリュウ】 clear stream
  • 火砕流 【カサイリュウ】 pyroclastic flow
  • 流 【ル】 exile
  • 流刑 【リュウケイ】 exile, banishment, deportation
  • 配流 【ハイル】 exile, banishment
  • 中流 【チュウル】 banishment (to a somewhat distant province), middle-degree punishment of the three banishment punishments under the ritsuryo system

Kun reading compounds

  • 流れる 【ながれる】 to stream, to flow (liquid, time, etc.), to run (ink), to be washed away, to be carried, to drift, to float (e.g. clouds), to wander, to stray, to sweep (e.g. rumour, fire), to spread, to circulate, to be heard (e.g. music), to be played, to lapse (e.g. into indolence, despair), to pass, to elapse, to be transmitted, to be called off, to be forfeited, to disappear, to be removed
  • 流れ 【ながれ】 flow (of a fluid or gas), stream, current, flow (of people, things), passage (of time), tide, passing, (changing) trends, tendency, course (of events), (step-by-step) procedure, process, group of people who remain together after the end of an event, descent, ancestry, school, forfeiture, foreclosure, cancellation, drifting, wandering, roaming
  • 流れ込む 【ながれこむ】 to flow into, to pour into, to stream into
  • 流す 【ながす】 to drain, to pour, to spill, to shed (blood, tears), to wash away, to distribute (e.g. electricity over wires, music over a PA system, etc.), to circulate, to broadcast, to beam, to cruise (e.g. taxi), to float, to set adrift, to call off (a meeting, etc.), to exile, to banish

Readings

Japanese names:
な、 ながれ、 めぐる
Chinese:
liu2
Korean:
ryu

Spanish

  • corriente
  • derramar
  • verter

Portuguese

  • corrente
  • afundar
  • fluxo
  • derrocada

French

  • courant
  • style
  • mode
  • évier
  • flux
  • confisquer (un article en gage)
334 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
432 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
409 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
296 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2576 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
329 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
682 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1332 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
247 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
247 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
279 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1200 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
529 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
325 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
400 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
771 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17572P Morohashi
441 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3160 New Nelson (John Haig)
764 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
826 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
235 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
367 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
357 2001 Kanji
3a7.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
3011.3 Four corner code
3411.3 Four corner code
1-46-14 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d41 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
move, motion, change, confusion, shift, shake
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
73 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 動 【ドウ】 motion
  • 動員 【ドウイン】 mobilization, mobilisation
  • 人事異動 【ジンジイドウ】 personnel change, personnel shift, reshuffle, (annual) staff reassignment
  • 異動 【イドウ】 change (personnel), transfer, reshuffle

Kun reading compounds

  • 動く 【うごく】 to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing, to operate, to run, to go, to work, to make a move, to take action, to act, to go into action, to be touched, to be influenced, to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver, to be transferred
  • 動く歩道 【うごくほどう】 moving walkway, moving sidewalk, travelator
  • 動かす 【うごかす】 to move, to shift, to stir, to budge, to change position, to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence, to change, to alter, to deny, to operate, to set in motion, to get going, to mobilize (e.g. troops), to mobilise, to deploy, to manage (e.g. funds)

Readings

Japanese names:
るぎ
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • mover
  • movimiento
  • moverse
  • trasladar

Portuguese

  • mover
  • movimento
  • mudança
  • jáfusão
  • trocar
  • agitar

French

  • bouger
  • mouvement
  • changement
  • confusion
  • secouer
296 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
384 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
362 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
86 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
730 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
169 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
130 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
231 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
231 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
64 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
221 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2232 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1583 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1692 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2390 Morohashi
1778 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
549 New Nelson (John Haig)
1676 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1806 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
47 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
385 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2245 2001 Kanji
2g9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-2 SKIP code
2412.7 Four corner code
1-38-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52d5 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Chinese:
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code