Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際会 【サイカイ】 meeting, facing, confronting
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary
  • 援助交際 【エンジョコウサイ】 paid dating (esp. with an underage girl; oft. involving selling of sex), compensated dating

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
80 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment
  • 富士通 【フジツウ】 Fujitsu
  • 食通 【ショクツウ】 gourmandism, gourmet, gourmand, foodie
  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通院 【ツウイン】 going to the hospital for regular treatment

Kun reading compounds

  • 通る 【とおる】 to go by, to go past, to go along, to travel along, to pass through, to use (a road), to take (a route), to go via, to go by way of, to run (between; of a rail service, bus route, etc.), to operate (between), to connect, to go indoors, to go into a room, to be admitted, to be shown in, to be ushered in, to come in, to penetrate, to pierce, to skewer, to go through, to come through, to permeate, to soak into, to spread throughout, to carry (e.g. of a voice), to reach far, to be passed on (e.g. of a customer's order to the kitchen), to be relayed, to be conveyed, to pass (a test, a bill in the House, etc.), to be approved, to be accepted, to go by (a name), to be known as, to be accepted as, to have a reputation for, to be coherent, to be logical, to be reasonable, to be comprehensible, to be understandable, to make sense, to get across (e.g. of one's point), to be understood, to pass for, to come across as, to seem like, to be straight (e.g. wood grain), to be well-informed, to be wise, to do ... completely, to do ... thoroughly
  • 通り 【とおり】 avenue, street, way, road, coming and going, street traffic, flow (of water, air, etc.), transmission (of sound), reach (e.g. of voice), fame, reputation, popularity, the same status or way, as (e.g. as expected, as I said), understanding, comprehension, counter for sets of things, counter for methods, ways, types
  • 通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】 to go past, to pass, to pass by
  • 通す 【とおす】 to stick through, to force through, to spread throughout, to thoroughly diffuse, to make a path between two points, to proceed in a logical manner, to let pass, to allow through, to lead (someone) into (a house, room, etc.), to show in, to go through (a middleman), to (look, listen) through (a window, wall, etc.), to pass (a law, applicant, etc.), to force to accept, to force agreement, to continue (in a state), to persist in, to do to the entirety of, to cover all of, to span the whole ..., to do from beginning to end without a break, to convey (one's ideas, etc.) to the other party, to do to the end, to carry through, to complete
  • 通し 【とおし】 continuing from beginning to end, continuous run, consecutive run, appetizer, starter, hors d'oeuvre, performance of an entire play
  • 通し切符 【とおしきっぷ】 through ticket (e.g. rail, air), ticket good for multiple performances (e.g. both matinee and evening shows), all-day ticket, season ticket
  • 切通し 【きりどおし】 road (or railway) cut through hilly terrain, cutting
  • 通う 【かよう】 to go to and from (a place), to go back and forth between, to run between (e.g. bus, train, etc.), to ply between, to go to (school, work, etc.), to attend, to commute, to frequent, to circulate (e.g. blood, electricity), to be communicated (e.g. thought), to resemble

Readings

Japanese names:
とん、 どうし、 どおり、 みち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tong1, tong4
Korean:
tong

Spanish

  • atravesar
  • traspasar
  • hacer saber
  • pasar
  • ir y venir

Portuguese

  • tráfego
  • passar através de
  • avenida
  • comutar
  • sufixo para contagem de letras

French

  • circulation
  • passer par
  • avenue
  • trajet (travail)
  • compteur de lettres, notes, ...
281 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
193 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
176 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
71 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4703 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
201 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
261 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1239 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
150 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
204 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
695 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3855 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1982 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38892P Morohashi
3109 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6063 New Nelson (John Haig)
1408 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1511 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
97 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
198 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
2q7.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3-2-7 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-36-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
901a Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
freight, goods, property
Kun:
たから
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
822 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 貨幣 【カヘイ】 money, currency, coinage
  • 貨物 【カモツ】 cargo, freight, money or assets
  • 基軸通貨 【キジクツウカ】 key currency
  • 英貨 【エイカ】 British currency, pound sterling

Kun reading compounds

  • 宝 【たから】 treasure

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
huo4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • dinero
  • moneda
  • bienes
  • artículos

Portuguese

  • frete
  • bens
  • propriedade

French

  • fret
  • biens
357 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
455 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
432 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
911 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4493 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
220 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
921 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
752 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
765 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
857 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1724 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3113 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1594 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2175 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1019 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36678 Morohashi
2465 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5781 New Nelson (John Haig)
1010 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1085 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
561 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2161 2001 Kanji
7b4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-7 SKIP code
2480.6 Four corner code
1-18-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca8 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
fundamentals, radical (chem), counter for machines, foundation
Kun:
もともとい
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
241 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 基 【キ】 group, (free) radical, counter for installed or mounted objects (e.g. stone lanterns, gravestones, satellites)
  • 起因 【キイン】 cause, origin
  • 塩基 【エンキ】 base
  • 開基 【カイキ】 foundation of a temple, laying a foundation (stone), open base

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause
  • 失敗は成功のもと 【しっぱいはせいこうのもと】 failure teaches success, failure is a stepping-stone to success
  • 生兵法は大怪我のもと 【なまびょうほうはおおけがのもと】 a little learning is a dangerous thing
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause

Readings

Japanese names:
きい、 とも
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • fundamento
  • origen
  • base

Portuguese

  • fundamentais
  • radicais (Quim.)
  • comtador para máquinas
  • fundação

French

  • fondements
  • radical (chimie)
  • compteur de machines
  • fondations
755 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
670 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
641 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
382 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1098 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
688 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
435 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1493 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
450 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
457 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
691 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
354 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3312 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1716 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2330 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1783 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5197 Morohashi
2673 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1040 New Nelson (John Haig)
1767 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1904 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
251 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
726 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1972 2001 Kanji
3b8.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-5 SKIP code
2-8-3 SKIP code
4410.4 Four corner code
1-20-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57fa Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 金 【キン】 gold (Au), golden (color), gold (medal, cup), valuable, of highest value, money, gold coin, Friday, metal (fourth of the five elements), Jin dynasty (China, 1115-1234), Chin dynasty, Jurchen dynasty, gold general, testicles, karat, carat
  • 金色 【キンイロ】 golden (colour, color)
  • 集金 【シュウキン】 money collection
  • 納金 【ノウキン】 payment
  • 金色 【キンイロ】 golden (colour, color)
  • 金剛 【コンゴウ】 vajra (indestructible substance), diamond, adamantine, thunderbolt, Indra's weapon, Buddhist symbol of the indestructible truth
  • 鬱金 【ウコン】 turmeric (Curcuma domestica)
  • 葛鬱金 【クズウコン】 arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)
  • 漉油 【コシアブラ】 Acanthopanax sciadophylloides (species of flowering plant related to the aralias)

Kun reading compounds

  • 金 【かね】 money, metal
  • 金持ち 【かねもち】 rich person
  • 細かい金 【こまかいかね】 small change
  • 汚れた金 【よごれたかね】 dirty money

Readings

Japanese names:
かん、 きむ、 こ、 この、 ん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jin1
Korean:
gim, geum

Spanish

  • oro
  • dinero
  • metal

Portuguese

  • ouro

French

  • or
16 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
18 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
14 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
59 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4815 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
18 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
94 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
664 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
23 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
23 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
21 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1808 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2552 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1302 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1771 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
275 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40152 Morohashi
2057 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6211 New Nelson (John Haig)
269 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
287 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
79 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
72 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2872 2001 Kanji
8a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-6 SKIP code
8010.9 Four corner code
1-22-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
91d1 Unicode hex code