Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際会 【サイカイ】 meeting, facing, confronting
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary
  • 援助交際 【エンジョコウサイ】 paid dating (esp. with an underage girl; oft. involving selling of sex), compensated dating

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
see
Parts:
standard, measure
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
349 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 基準 【キジュン】 standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
  • 規格 【キカク】 standard, norm
  • 内規 【ナイキ】 private regulations, bylaws, internal rules, tradition
  • 正規 【セイキ】 regular, normal, formal, legal, established, legitimate

Readings

Japanese names:
すのり、 ただし、 のり、 み
Chinese:
gui1
Korean:
gyu

Spanish

  • compás
  • regla
  • medida
  • norma

Portuguese

  • padrão
  • medida

French

  • norme
  • mesure
577 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
672 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
643 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
488 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
527 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
888 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
607 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
617 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
807 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1644 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1231 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
667 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
890 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
849 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34810 Morohashi
978 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5524 New Nelson (John Haig)
841 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
904 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
453 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
728 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1457 2001 Kanji
5c6.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
5601.0 Four corner code
21-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
898f Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
imitation, copy, mock
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
668 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 模型 【モケイ】 model, dummy, maquette
  • 模擬 【モギ】 imitation, sham, mock, simulation
  • 小規模 【ショウキボ】 small scale
  • 中規模 【チュウキボ】 mid-range, mid-scale, mid-size

Readings

Japanese names:
がみ
Chinese:
mo2, mu2
Korean:
mo

Spanish

  • patrón
  • modelo
  • molde

Portuguese

  • imitação
  • cópia
  • burla

French

  • imitation
  • copie
  • maquette
  • simulation
992 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
980 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
691 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2345 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1218 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1445 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2104 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1425 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1514 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1160 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1109 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1326 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
720 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
963 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
234 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15453X Morohashi
1050 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2825 New Nelson (John Haig)
229 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
244 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
980 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1863 2001 Kanji
4a10.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
4493.4 Four corner code
44-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a21 Unicode hex code