Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international, diplomatic intercourse
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (esp. as a school subject in Japan), one's native language, mother tongue, native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords and Chinese-derived words)
  • 大国 【タイコク】 large country, major nation, great power, province of the highest rank (ritsuryō system)
  • 開国 【カイコク】 founding a country, opening of a country (e.g. Japan) to the world, ending (a policy of) national seclusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際限 【サイゲン】 limits, end, bounds
  • 交際 【コウサイ】 company, friendship, association, society, acquaintance, (romantic) involvement, dating
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
广
Variants:
apply, answer, yes, OK, reply, accept
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
266 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 応 【オウ】 agreement, affirmative, aye, yes, OK, okay, yeah, all right
  • 応じる 【オウジル】 to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
  • 反応 【ハンノウ】 reaction, response
  • 対応 【タイオウ】 correspondence (to), equivalence, suitability, coordination, matching, being appropriate (for), dealing with, coping with, handling, response, reception, reaction, compatibility (with technology, software, etc.), capability, support (for)

Kun reading compounds

  • 応える 【こたえる】 to respond, to answer, to meet (e.g. demands, expectations), to affect, to take a toll, to strike home, to have an effect on, to be hard on someone (e.g. heat, cold, work, illness, etc.), to be a strain

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 たか、 まさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ying1, ying4
Korean:
eung

Spanish

  • contestar
  • responder
  • aceptar
  • apropiado
  • adecuado

Portuguese

  • Candidatar-se
  • resposta
  • sim
  • OK
  • aceitar

French

  • postuler
  • oui
  • OK
  • accepter
  • combler (satisfaire)
  • répondre
556 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
651 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
622 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
413 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1504 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
718 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
530 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
509 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
827 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
846 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1119 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
768 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3804 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2640 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
614 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10347P Morohashi
3066 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1789 New Nelson (John Haig)
607 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
653 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
362 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
663 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
558 2001 Kanji
3q4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-4 SKIP code
0023.0 Four corner code
1-17-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fdc Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
use 用 (甩)
Parts:
utilize, business, service, use, employ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
107 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 用 【ヨウ】 business, task, errand, engagement, use, purpose, for the use of ..., used for ..., made for ..., call of nature, excretion
  • 用意 【ヨウイ】 preparation, arrangements, provision, getting ready, laying out (e.g. a meal)
  • 利用 【リヨウ】 use, utilization, utilisation, application
  • 使用 【シヨウ】 use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation

Kun reading compounds

  • 用いる 【もちいる】 to use, to make use of, to utilize, to utilise

Readings

Japanese names:
たから
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yong4
Korean:
yong

Spanish

  • uso
  • empleo
  • trabajo
  • usar
  • hacer uso de

Portuguese

  • utilizar
  • negócios
  • serviço
  • usar
  • empregar

French

  • se servir de
  • affaires
  • service
  • utiliser
  • employer
146 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
235 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
215 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
102 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2993 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
110 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
219 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
193 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
107 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
107 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
308 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1329 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3694 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1889 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2569 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1189 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21703 Morohashi
2976 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3721 New Nelson (John Haig)
1181 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1265 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
177 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
116 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3653 2001 Kanji
2r3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4-5-1 SKIP code
7722.0 Four corner code
1-45-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7528 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地下鉄 【チカテツ】 underground train, subway
  • 位置 【イチ】 place, position, location, position, standing, status, situation
  • 産地 【サンチ】 producing area
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, captured territory (in the game of go), noh chorus, accompaniment music (in Japanese dance), basic phrase (in Japanese music; usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地震 【ジシン】 earthquake
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
1-35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
Variants:
substance, quality, matter, temperament
Kun:
たちただ.すもとわりふ
On:
シツシチ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N4
389 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 質 【シツ】 quality, value, nature, inherent quality, character, logical quality
  • 質問 【シツモン】 question, inquiry, enquiry
  • 抗生物質 【コウセイブッシツ】 antibiotic, antibiotics
  • タンパク質 【タンパクシツ】 protein
  • 質 【シチ】 pawn, pawned article, pledge, security, guarantee
  • 質屋 【シチヤ】 pawnshop
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article
  • 入質 【ニュウシチ】 pawning
  • 流質 【リュウシチ】 forfeiting a pawned article

Kun reading compounds

  • 質 【たち】 nature (of a person), disposition, temperament, nature (of something), character, kind, sort
  • たちの悪い 【たちのわるい】 of bad character, ill-natured, nasty, vicious, wicked, malignant
  • 質す 【ただす】 to enquire of someone about something (inquire), to question

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2, zhi4
Korean:
jil, ji

Spanish

  • substancia
  • contenido
  • simplicidad
  • calidad
  • depósito
  • custodia

Portuguese

  • substância
  • qualidade
  • matéria
  • temperamento

French

  • substance
  • matière
  • qualité
  • tempérament
628 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
699 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
369 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4518 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
325 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
253 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2395 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
176 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
176 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
238 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1737 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3483 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1796 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1146 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36833 Morohashi
2808 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5817 New Nelson (John Haig)
1137 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1219 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
359 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
808 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2661 2001 Kanji
7b8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-7 SKIP code
2-13-2 SKIP code
7280.6 Four corner code
1-28-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8cea Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学生 【ガクセイ】 student (esp. a university student)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 university, college, former imperial university of Japan (established under the ritsuryō system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 数学 【スウガク】 mathematics

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
1-19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
Variants:
meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
4 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 会 【カイ】 meeting, assembly, party, gathering, conference, athletic meet, society, association, club
  • 会議 【カイギ】 meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress
  • 国会 【コッカイ】 National Diet, legislative assembly of Japan (1947-), Imperial Diet, legislative assembly of Japan (1889-1947), legislative assembly, parliament, congress
  • 集会 【シュウカイ】 meeting, assembly, gathering, congregation, convention, rally
  • 会 【エ】 gathering (esp. Buddhist, festive, etc.)
  • 会釈 【エシャク】 slight bow (as a greeting or sign of gratitude), nod, salutation, consideration, thoughtfulness
  • 一期一会 【イチゴイチエ】 once-in-a-lifetime encounter, one time, one meeting
  • 法会 【ホウエ】 Buddhist service (e.g. memorial service)

Kun reading compounds

  • 会う 【あう】 to meet, to encounter, to see, to have an accident, to have a bad experience
  • 会う約束 【あうやくそく】 appointment, rendezvous, date
  • 会わせる 【あわせる】 to make (someone) to meet, to let (someone) meet, to expose to, to subject to

Readings

Japanese names:
あい、 い
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hui4, kuai4
Korean:
hoe, goe, gwal

Spanish

  • asociación
  • reunión
  • encontrarse con
  • reunirse

Portuguese

  • encontro
  • reunião
  • festa
  • associação
  • entrevista
  • une

French

  • réunion
  • rencontre
  • meeting
  • parti
  • association
  • entrevue
  • rejoindre
54 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
93 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
87 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
12 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
381 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
116 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
14 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
454 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
158 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
158 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
59 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
47 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2512 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1275 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1741 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
759 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
460 Morohashi
2020 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
143 New Nelson (John Haig)
752 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
814 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
16 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
119 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2871 2001 Kanji
2a4.19 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
2-3-3 SKIP code
8073.1 Four corner code
1-18-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f1a Unicode hex code