Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 現国 【うつしくに】 world of mankind, this world

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
1-25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際会 【サイカイ】 meeting, facing, confronting
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary
  • 援助交際 【エンジョコウサイ】 paid dating (esp. with an underage girl; oft. involving selling of sex), compensated dating

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
1-26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
ten, complete
Parts:
co-, cooperation
On:
キョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
121 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 協議 【キョウギ】 conference, consultation, discussion, negotiation
  • 協会 【キョウカイ】 association, society, organization, organisation
  • 農協 【ノウキョウ】 agricultural cooperative
  • 経協 【ケイキョウ】 management association, management conference, management institute

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xie2
Korean:
hyeob

Spanish

  • cooperación
  • colaboración

Portuguese

  • co-
  • cooperação

French

  • coopération
  • co-
377 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
485 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
461 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
209 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
774 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
572 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
381 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
548 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
234 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
234 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
444 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
244 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
103 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
70 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
74 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
881 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2742 Morohashi
93 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
617 New Nelson (John Haig)
872 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
937 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
193 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
501 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1445 2001 Kanji
2k6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
4402.7 Four corner code
1-22-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5354 Unicode hex code

2 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
power, strength, strong, strain, bear up, exert
Kun:
ちから
On:
リョクリキリイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
62 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 力 【リョク】 strength, power, proficiency, ability
  • 力作 【リキサク】 painstaking piece of work, work of great effort, tour de force, outstanding work, toil, labor, labour
  • 水力 【スイリョク】 hydraulic power, water power
  • 威力 【イリョク】 power, might, authority, influence
  • 力 【リキ】 strength, power, proficiency, ability, the strength of ... people, the strength of ... men
  • 力学 【リキガク】 mechanics, dynamics
  • 地力 【ジリキ】 one's own potential, real ability, one's own strength
  • 合力 【ゴウリョク】 resultant force, assistance, help, donation, alms, almsgiving

Kun reading compounds

  • 力 【ちから】 force, strength, might, vigour, vigor, energy, capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty, efficacy, effect, effort, endeavours, endeavors, exertions, power, authority, influence, good offices, agency, support, help, aid, assistance, stress, emphasis, means, resources
  • 力強い 【ちからづよい】 powerful, strong, forceful, vigorous, reassuring, encouraging
  • 強い力 【つよいちから】 strong interaction, strong force
  • 弱い力 【よわいちから】 weak force, weak interaction

Readings

Japanese names:
じから、 つとむ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li4
Korean:
ryeog

Spanish

  • potencia
  • poder
  • fuerza
  • energía
  • vigor
  • énfasis

Portuguese

  • força
  • forte
  • esforço
  • suportar
  • exercer

French

  • force
  • fort
  • puissance
  • tension
  • tenir le coup
  • s'efforcer
  • employer (force)
148 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
38 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
74 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
69 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
715 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
53 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
128 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
11 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.15 Japanese for Busy People
100 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
100 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
173 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
207 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4178 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2114 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
866 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2288 Morohashi
3371 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
521 New Nelson (John Haig)
858 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
922 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
38 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
9 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1645 2001 Kanji
2g0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-2-4 SKIP code
4002.7 Four corner code
1-46-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529b Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
loom, mechanism, machine, airplane, opportunity, potency, efficacy, occasion
Kun:
はた
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
127 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 機 【キ】 chance, opportunity, machine, aircraft, counter for aircraft, counter for (remaining) lives
  • 機運 【キウン】 opportunity, chance, good time (to do), trend, tendency, momentum
  • 端末機 【タンマツキ】 terminal (unit)
  • 有機 【ユウキ】 organic

Kun reading compounds

  • 機 【はた】 loom
  • 機織り 【はたおり】 weaving, weaver
  • 高機 【たかばた】 traditional Japanese treadle-operated tall loom

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • mecanismo
  • máquina
  • avión
  • ocasión
  • telar

Portuguese

  • mecanismo
  • oportunidade
  • ocasião
  • máquina
  • avião

French

  • métier à tisser
  • mécanique
  • opportunité
  • machine
  • avion
  • organique
373 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
476 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
453 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
101 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2379 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
415 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
528 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
334 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1365 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
736 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1394 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15561 Morohashi
1076 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2880 New Nelson (John Haig)
1382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1482 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
158 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
631 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1859 2001 Kanji
4a12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-12 SKIP code
4295.3 Four corner code
1-21-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a5f Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
posture, build, pretend
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
316 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 構成 【コウセイ】 composition, construction, formation, makeup, structure, organization, organisation
  • 構図 【コウズ】 composition
  • 遺構 【イコウ】 (archaeological) remains, remnants (of ancient structures), ancient foundation
  • 外構え 【ソトガマエ】 outward appearance (of a house), exterior, external structure (of a building; e.g. gate, fence, garage), exterior structure

Kun reading compounds

  • 構える 【かまえる】 to set up (a house, store, etc.), to build, to establish, to run, to maintain, to have at the ready (e.g. a gun), to hold in preparation (e.g. a camera), to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to adopt a posture, to assume a stance, to stand ready, to be poised for, to put on an air, to assume an attitude, to stiffen, to tense up, to become formal, to fabricate in order to deceive, to make up, to feign, to plan, to scheme
  • 構う 【かまう】 to mind, to care about, to be concerned about, to have a regard for, to be an issue, to matter, to create inconvenience, to keep company, to care for, to look after, to entertain, to pay attention to, to spend time with, to interfere with, to meddle in, to tease, to banish, to prohibit
  • 構うものか 【かまうものか】 who cares?, I don't give a damn, what does it matter?

Readings

Japanese names:
とち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gou4
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • construir
  • ensamblar
  • preparación
  • preocupación
  • establecerse
  • montar
  • poner
  • interesarse por
  • preocuparse por

Portuguese

  • postura
  • construção
  • fingir

French

  • structure
  • concerné
  • préoccupé
  • construire
  • position
785 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
701 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
675 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
446 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2343 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
455 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
640 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1010 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1048 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
991 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1108 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1325 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
719 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1835 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15317X Morohashi
1049 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2823 New Nelson (John Haig)
1818 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1959 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
498 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
788 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1847 2001 Kanji
4a10.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
4594.7 Four corner code
1-25-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
69cb Unicode hex code