Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国益 【コクエキ】 national interest
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN
  • 異国 【イコク】 foreign country

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国人 【こくじん】 indigenous person, inhabitant of a country, local, native, local lords and samurai, daimyo who did not leave his domains to meet the shogun in Kyoto (during the Muromachi period)
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
clan
Parts:
people, nation, subjects
Kun:
たみ
On:
ミン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
28 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 民 【ミン】 citizen, resident, person, user (of a website, esp. as a collective, e.g. Twittersphere)
  • 民意 【ミンイ】 popular will, will of the people
  • 自民 【ジミン】 Liberal Democratic Party, LDP
  • 公民 【コウミン】 citizen, freemen

Kun reading compounds

  • 民 【たみ】 people, citizens, subjects, folk
  • 民草 【たみくさ】 people, populace
  • 流浪の民 【るろうのたみ】 wandering people, nomadic tribe
  • 神の民 【かみのたみ】 People of God (i.e. the Israelites), the Chosen People, People of God (i.e. Christians)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひと、 み
Chinese:
min2
Korean:
min

Spanish

  • gente
  • pueblo

Portuguese

  • pessoas
  • nação
  • assuntos

French

  • peuple
  • nation
  • citoyen
518 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
619 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
590 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
70 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
25 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
246 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
206 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
333 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
177 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
177 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
536 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1149 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3770 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1922 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2614 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1851 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17028 Morohashi
3036 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3021 New Nelson (John Haig)
1834 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1976 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
30 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
459 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3756 2001 Kanji
0a5.23 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-2 SKIP code
4-5-1 SKIP code
7774.7 Four corner code
44-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c11 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
Variants:
general, whole, all, full, total
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
129 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 総 【ソウ】 whole, all, general, gross, entire, overall
  • 総当たり 【ソウアタリ】 round-robin, using all combinations, brute force (e.g. in code-breaking)
  • 海総 【カイソウ】 imperial navy order
  • 全総 【ゼンソウ】 Comprehensive National Development Plan (1962-)

Kun reading compounds

  • 全て 【すべて】 everything, all, the whole, entirely, completely, wholly, all
  • すべての道はローマに通ず 【すべてのみちはローマにつうず】 all roads lead to Rome
  • 全て 【すべて】 everything, all, the whole, entirely, completely, wholly, all
  • すべての道はローマに通ず 【すべてのみちはローマにつうず】 all roads lead to Rome
  • 房 【ふさ】 tuft (of hair, threads, etc.), fringe, tassel, bunch (of grapes, bananas, etc.), cluster (of flowers), segment (of a tangerine, etc.), section
  • 房房 【ふさふさ】 in tufts, tufty, bushy, thick, luxuriant

Readings

Japanese names:
うさ、 ずさ
Chinese:
zong3
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • general
  • total
  • completo

Portuguese

  • geral
  • inteiro
  • todo
  • cheio
  • total

French

  • général
  • entier
  • tout
  • complet
  • total
661 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
760 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
738 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
154 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3567 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
741 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
823 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2662 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
697 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
710 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
735 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1543 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1743 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1261 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1378 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27620 Morohashi
1379 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4532 New Nelson (John Haig)
1366 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1466 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
307 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
795 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2758 2001 Kanji
6a8.20 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-8 SKIP code
2893.3 Four corner code
33-77 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7dcf Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
life
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
29 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 生 【セイ】 life, living, I, me, myself, student
  • 生育 【セイイク】 birth and growth, giving birth and raising, development, breeding
  • 回生 【カイセイ】 resurrection, resuscitation, regeneration, university student in ... year
  • 公衆衛生 【コウシュウエイセイ】 sanitation, public health
  • 生 【セイ】 life, living, I, me, myself, student
  • 生家 【セイカ】 house where one was born, parents' house
  • 転生 【テンセイ】 transmigration of souls, reincarnation
  • 殺生 【セッショウ】 killing, destruction of life, barbarous, callous, brutal, cruel, heartless

Kun reading compounds

  • 生きる 【いきる】 to live, to exist, to make a living, to subsist, to be in effect, to be in use, to function, to come to life, to be enlivened, to be safe (in baseball, go, etc.)
  • 生きる力 【いきるちから】 zest for living, energy to live
  • 生かす 【いかす】 to make (the best) use of, to put to good use, to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.), to capitalise on (experience, etc.), to let live, to keep alive, to revive, to resuscitate, to bring back to life, to restore (a deleted passage; in proofreading)
  • 生ける 【いける】 to arrange (flowers), to plant, living, live
  • 生ける屍 【いけるしかばね】 living corpse
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生まれ 【うまれ】 birth, birthplace, born in (country, month, imperial era, zodiac year, etc.)
  • 生まれつき 【うまれつき】 by nature, by birth, naturally, natural, innate
  • 生まれ 【うまれ】 birth, birthplace, born in (country, month, imperial era, zodiac year, etc.)
  • 生まれつき 【うまれつき】 by nature, by birth, naturally, natural, innate
  • 生む 【うむ】 to give birth, to bear (child), to lay (eggs), to produce, to yield, to give rise to, to deliver
  • 生う 【おう】 to grow, to spring up, to cut (teeth)
  • 生える 【はえる】 to grow, to spring up, to sprout, to cut (teeth)
  • 生やす 【はやす】 to grow, to cultivate, to wear a beard
  • 生 【き】 pure, undiluted, raw, crude
  • 生地 【きじ】 cloth, fabric, material, texture, dough, batter, inherent quality, one's true character, one's true colours, unglazed pottery, skin with no make-up
  • 生 【なま】 raw, uncooked, fresh, natural, as it is, unedited, unprocessed, unprotected (sex), live (i.e. not recorded), inexperienced, unpolished, green, crude, impudence, sauciness, unpasteurized beer, draft beer, draught beer, just a little, somehow, vaguely, partially, somewhat, half-, semi-, insufficient, incomplete, half-baked, half-hearted, perfunctory, cash, tipsiness
  • 生り 【なまり】 boiled and half-dried bonito
  • お生 【おなま】 impudence, sauciness
  • 現生 【げんなま】 real money, cash
  • 生る 【なる】 to bear fruit
  • 生す 【なす】 to have a child
  • 生す 【むす】 to grow (of moss, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あさ、 いき、 いく、 いけ、 うぶ、 うまい、 え、 おい、 ぎゅう、 くるみ、 ごせ、 さ、 じょう、 すぎ、 そ、 そう、 ちる、 なば、 にう、 にゅう、 ふ、 み、 もう、 よい、 りゅう
Chinese:
sheng1
Korean:
saeng

Spanish

  • vida
  • nacimiento
  • vivir
  • existir
  • nacer
  • dar a luz
  • puro
  • crudo

Portuguese

  • vida
  • genuína
  • nascimento

French

  • vie
  • naissance
  • authentique
  • cru
34 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
44 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
42 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
29 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2991 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
67 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
71 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
214 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
44 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
44 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
49 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1327 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4309 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2179 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2933 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1569 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21670 Morohashi
3497 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3715 New Nelson (John Haig)
1555 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1675 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
9 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
43 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2472 2001 Kanji
0a5.29 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-2 SKIP code
2510.0 Four corner code
32-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
751f Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
life
Parts:
products, bear, give birth, yield, childbirth, native, property
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
161 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 産 【サン】 (giving) birth, childbirth, delivery, confinement, native of, product of, assets, property, fortune
  • 産科 【サンカ】 obstetrics
  • 増産 【ゾウサン】 production increase
  • 水産 【スイサン】 aquatic products, fisheries

Kun reading compounds

  • 生む 【うむ】 to give birth, to bear (child), to lay (eggs), to produce, to yield, to give rise to, to deliver
  • 産む機械 【うむきかい】 baby-making machine (famously used by Health, Labour and Welfare Minister Yanagisawa Hakuo to refer to women)
  • 生まれる 【うまれる】 to be born
  • 生す 【むす】 to grow (of moss, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
もと
Chinese:
chan3
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • producto
  • producir
  • propiedad
  • dar a luz
  • nacer

Portuguese

  • produtos
  • dar a luz
  • nascer
  • dar crias
  • nascimento
  • nativo
  • bens

French

  • production
  • porter (fruits)
  • donner naissance
  • produire
  • natal
  • propriété
408 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
518 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
491 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
142 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3354 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
317 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
218 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1520 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
278 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
278 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
574 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1328 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4089 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2075 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2812 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1574 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21684P Morohashi
3298 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3716 New Nelson (John Haig)
1560 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1681 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
92 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
567 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
472 2001 Kanji
5b6.4 The Kanji Dictionary
3-6-5 SKIP code
2-4-7 SKIP code
2-2-9 SKIP code
0021.4 Four corner code
27-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7523 Unicode hex code