6 strokes
cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
636 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 因 【イン】 cause, factor, hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions), the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya)
  • 因縁 【インネン】 fate, destiny, connection, tie, bond, origin, pretext, justification, hetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things)
  • 主因 【シュイン】 primary cause, main factor
  • 勝因 【ショウイン】 cause of victory, reason for (one's) success

Kun reading compounds

  • 依る 【よる】 to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from, to be based at (a location, an organization), to be headquartered at
  • よるところが大きい 【よるところがおおきい】 depending largely on, playing a large role in, due largely to
  • 因む 【ちなむ】 to be associated (with), to be connected (with)


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • causa
  • origen
  • depender de
  • contar con


  • causa
  • fator
  • seja associado com
  • contar com
  • ser limitado para


  • cause
  • facteur
  • associé à
  • dépendre de
  • limité à
548 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
643 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
614 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
646 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1026 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
462 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
420 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
311 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
554 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
563 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
406 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
337 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3792 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2629 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
590 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4693 Morohashi
3054 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
939 New Nelson (John Haig)
583 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
626 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
485 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
655 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
3s3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
6043.0 Four corner code
1-16-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56e0 Unicode hex code