7 strokes
mouth, opening
contain, include, hold in the mouth, bear in mind, understand, cherish
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
466 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 含有 【ガンユウ】 containing (an ingredient, mineral, etc.)
  • 含蓄 【ガンチク】 implication, significance, connotation, depth of meaning, complications of a problem
  • 内含 【ナイガン】 containing within (it), inclusion, (material) implication, material conditional

Kun reading compounds

  • 含む 【ふくむ】 to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace, to hold in the mouth, to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour, to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
  • 含むところがある 【ふくむところがある】 to harbor ill feeling
  • 含める 【ふくめる】 to include (in a group or scope), to instruct, to make one understand, to include (a nuance), to put in (an implication), to put in (someone's) mouth, to permeate with flavor


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • incluir
  • tener en mente
  • entender
  • comprender
  • tener en la boca
  • contener


  • incluir
  • ter em conta
  • compreender
  • tratar com carinho


  • inclure
  • retenir
  • comprendre
  • chérir
1118 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
667 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
402 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1677 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
405 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
453 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1249 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1317 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1290 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
286 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2534 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1288 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1602 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3350 Morohashi
2041 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
743 New Nelson (John Haig)
1588 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1712 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1103 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2877 2001 Kanji
2a5.25 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-5 SKIP code
2-4-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
8060.2 Four corner code
1-20-62 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
542b Unicode hex code