Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
yonder, facing, beyond, confront, defy, tend toward, approach
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
182 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 向上 【コウジョウ】 elevation, rise, improvement, advancement, progress
  • 向後 【コウゴ】 hereafter
  • 趣向 【シュコウ】 plan, idea, design, plot
  • 性向 【セイコウ】 inclination, tendency, nature, character

Kun reading compounds

  • 向く 【むく】 to turn toward, to look (up, down, etc.), to face (e.g. east), to look out on, to point to, to be suited to, to be fit for, to go in the direction of, to lean towards (of a feeling)
  • 向いている 【むいている】 to be cut out for (e.g. a job), to be suited (to)
  • 向ける 【むける】 to turn towards, to point
  • 向かう 【むかう】 to face, to go towards, to head towards
  • 向かうところ敵無し 【むかうところてきなし】 unbeatable, invincible, irresistible
  • 向い 【むかい】 facing, opposite, across the street, other side
  • 向かい合う 【むかいあう】 to be opposite, to face each other
  • 向こう 【むこう】 opposite side, other side, opposite direction, over there, that way, far away, beyond, the other party, the other person, future (starting now)
  • 向こう側 【むこうがわ】 other side, opposite side, other party
  • 向こう 【むこう】 opposite side, other side, opposite direction, over there, that way, far away, beyond, the other party, the other person, future (starting now)
  • 向こう側 【むこうがわ】 other side, opposite side, other party
  • 向い 【むかい】 facing, opposite, across the street, other side
  • 向かい合う 【むかいあう】 to be opposite, to face each other

Readings

Japanese names:
こお、 た、 な、 むか、 むかい、 むこう
Chinese:
xiang4
Korean:
hyang, sang

Spanish

  • mirar hacia
  • volverse
  • hacer frente
  • oponerse

Portuguese

  • Aquele lá
  • em frente
  • além de
  • confronta
  • desafia
  • tende para
  • aproximação

French

  • se diriger vers
  • direction
  • en face
  • de l'autre côté
  • éloigné
  • confronter
  • défier
  • approcher
  • avoir tendance
213 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
278 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
217 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
101 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
215 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
402 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
312 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
199 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
199 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
557 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
319 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3790 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1934 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2627 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
186 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3301 Morohashi
3052 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
712 New Nelson (John Haig)
183 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
195 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
192 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
266 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
849 2001 Kanji
3d3.10 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
2722.0 Four corner code
24-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5411 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former, northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code