Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
name, noted, distinguished, reputation
Kun:
-な
On:
メイミョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
177 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 名 【メイ】 counter for people (usu. seating, reservations and such), first name, famous, great, name, noun
  • 名画 【メイガ】 famous picture, masterpiece (painting), film classic
  • 同名 【ドウメイ】 same name, homonym
  • 芸名 【ゲイメイ】 stage name
  • 名目 【メイモク】 name, title, appellation, (something) nominal, (under the) pretext (of), pretense
  • 苗字 【ミョウジ】 surname, family name, last name
  • 仮名 【カメイ】 alias, pseudonym, pen name, nom de plume
  • 同名 【ドウメイ】 same name, homonym

Kun reading compounds

  • 名 【な】 name, given name, title, fame, renown, reputation, pretext, pretense, justification, appearance
  • 名残 【なごり】 remains, traces, vestiges, relics, (the sorrow of) parting, end
  • 仮名 【かめい】 alias, pseudonym, pen name, nom de plume
  • 片仮名 【かたかな】 katakana, angular Japanese syllabary used primarily for loanwords

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • nombre
  • célebre
  • distinguido
  • reputación

Portuguese

  • nome
  • fama
  • distinção
  • reputação

French

  • nom
  • célèbre
  • fameux
  • réputation
140 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
55 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
71 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
116 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1170 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
131 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
34 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
346 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
82 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
82 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
82 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
285 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2693 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1371 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1857 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
113 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3297 Morohashi
2169 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
716 New Nelson (John Haig)
112 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
140 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
53 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2577 2001 Kanji
3d3.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
4-6-1 SKIP code
3-3-3 SKIP code
2760.0 Four corner code
1-44-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
540d Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 last (i.e. immediately preceding), previous, ex-, former, pre- (e.g. premodern), before, before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 in front (of), before (e.g. a building), before, earlier, previously, prior, ago, (minutes) to (the hour), (the) front, frontal part, fore, head (e.g. of a line), forward, ahead, (in the) presence (of), in front (of someone), previous (e.g. page), prior (e.g. engagement), first (e.g. half), former (e.g. example), portion, helping, front (of one's body or clothing), breast (of a coat, kimono, etc.), privates, private parts, criminal record, previous conviction, (a) prior
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
1-33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Kun:
ま.けるま.かすお.う
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負荷 【フカ】 burden, load (e.g. CPU time, electricity, etc.)
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus
  • 非負 【ヒフ】 non-negative

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to bear, to carry on one's back, to take responsibility for, to accept a duty, to receive (wound), to incur (damage), to be injured, to owe
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria

Portuguese

  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade

French

  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code