Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
history, chronicle
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
511 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 史 【シ】 history
  • 史家 【シカ】 historian
  • 通史 【ツウシ】 overview of history
  • 正史 【セイシ】 official history, authorized history

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あや、 お、 こ、 ちか、 とし、 なか、 のぶ、 ひさ、 ひと、 ふみ
Chinese:
shi3
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • historia
  • crónica

Portuguese

  • história
  • crônica

French

  • histoire
  • chronique
411 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
523 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
496 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
563 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
91 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
81 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
398 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
183 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
332 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
332 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
705 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
317 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4324 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2188 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2946 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
699 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3249 Morohashi
3510 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
697 New Nelson (John Haig)
692 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
300 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
450 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1666 2001 Kanji
0a5.38 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-4 SKIP code
5004.6 Four corner code
5000.6 Four corner code
27-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f2 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former, northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
Variants:
utmost, most, extreme
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
82 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 最 【サイ】 the most, the extreme, prime, conspicuous
  • 最悪 【サイアク】 worst, horrible, horrid, awful, terrible, in the worst case, if worst comes to worst

Kun reading compounds

  • 最も 【もっとも】 most, extremely
  • 最も重要 【もっともじゅうよう】 most important, central, matters most, overriding, top

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
zui4
Korean:
choe

Spanish

  • prefijo para superlativo
  • más
  • sumamente
  • extremadamente

Portuguese

  • Capacidade máxima
  • maior
  • extremo

French

  • le plus
  • ultra-
  • extrême
402 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
510 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
484 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
121 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2146 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
291 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
612 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1742 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
263 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
263 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
439 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1000 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1599 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
829 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14301 Morohashi
2472 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2492 New Nelson (John Haig)
821 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
884 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
99 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
587 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3867 2001 Kanji
4c8.10 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-8 SKIP code
6014.7 Four corner code
26-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6700 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
112 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 強 【キョウ】 a little over, a little more than, powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful
  • 強化 【キョウカ】 strengthening, intensifying, reinforcement, enhancement, solidification
  • 列強 【レッキョウ】 major powers of the world, great powers
  • 屈強 【クッキョウ】 robust, brawny, muscular, strong, sturdy
  • 強盗 【ゴウトウ】 robber, mugger, robbery, burglary
  • 強引 【ゴウイン】 overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed

Kun reading compounds

  • 強い 【つよい】 strong, potent, competent, domineering, tough, strong, brawny, powerful, healthy, rugged, good (at), skilled, knowledgeable, being able to handle, know how to deal (with), durable (against), resistant (to), resilient, firm, rigid, solid, intense, strong, fierce, high, dependable, trustworthy
  • 強い心 【つよいこころ】 stout heart, strong mind
  • 強まる 【つよまる】 to get strong, to gain strength
  • 強める 【つよめる】 to strengthen, to emphasize, to emphasise
  • 強いる 【しいる】 to force, to compel, to coerce, to press, to impose
  • 強い 【こわい】 tough, stiff, hard, inflexible, obstinate, stubborn
  • 強飯 【こわめし】 glutinous rice with red beans (eaten on celebratory occasions), mochi rice with red beans

Readings

Japanese names:
すね
Chinese:
qiang2, jiang4, qiang3
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • coacción
  • poderoso
  • obligar
  • forzar
  • coaccionar

Portuguese

  • Forte
  • poderoso
  • forçar

French

  • fort
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
100 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
112 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
332 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
170 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1878 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
217 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
611 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
574 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
432 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1243 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9815 Morohashi
475 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1695 New Nelson (John Haig)
1235 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1321 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
133 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
201 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3571 2001 Kanji
3h8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
1323.6 Four corner code
22-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f37 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
younger brother, faithful service to elders
Kun:
おとうと
On:
テイダイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
1161 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 弟 【オトウト】 younger brother, little brother, kid brother, brother-in-law (spouse's younger brother or younger sister's husband), pupil, apprentice
  • 弟子 【デシ】 pupil, disciple, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person, teacher's student-helper
  • 実弟 【ジッテイ】 biological younger brother
  • 子弟 【シテイ】 children, sons, children and younger brothers, young people
  • 親兄弟 【オヤキョウダイ】 parents and siblings, one's relatives
  • 姉弟 【シテイ】 older sister and younger brother
  • 弟子 【デシ】 pupil, disciple, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person, teacher's student-helper
  • 弟子入り 【デシイリ】 becoming a pupil (of), becoming an apprentice

Kun reading compounds

  • 弟 【おとうと】 younger brother, little brother, kid brother, brother-in-law (spouse's younger brother or younger sister's husband), pupil, apprentice
  • 弟君 【おとうとぎみ】 younger brother

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
di4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • hermano menor

Portuguese

  • irmão mais jovem

French

  • frère cadet
  • apprenti
  • disciple
  • service déférent aux ainés
282 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
194 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
177 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1090 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
584 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
446 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
168 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
764 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.8 Japanese for Busy People
405 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
409 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
76 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
607 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2537 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1291 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1759 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1248 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9737 Morohashi
2044 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1685 New Nelson (John Haig)
1240 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1328 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
150 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
944 2001 Kanji
2o5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-5 SKIP code
4-7-3 SKIP code
8022.7 Four corner code
36-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f1f Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子宮 【シキュウ】 womb, uterus
  • 中性子 【チュウセイシ】 neutron
  • 精子 【セイシ】 sperm
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 金子 【キンス】 money, funds
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, young (animal), young woman, young geisha, offshoot, interest, new shares, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 根っこ 【ねっこ】 root (of a plant), stump (of a tree), root (of a problem, etc.), base, foundation, origin, source
  • 江戸っ子 【えどっこ】 true Tokyoite, person born and raised in Edo
  • 子 【ね】 first sign of the Chinese zodiac (The Rat, 11pm-1am, north, November)
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first Day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 first of the sexagenary cycle
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 thirty-seventh of the sexagenary cycle

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Chinese:
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code