Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
right hand
Parts:
friend
Kun:
とも
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
622 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 友 【ユウ】 friend, affection (for siblings)
  • 友愛 【ユウアイ】 fraternity, friendship
  • 戦友 【センユウ】 comrade in arms, war buddy, fellow soldier
  • 盟友 【メイユウ】 sworn friend

Kun reading compounds

  • 友 【とも】 friend, companion, comrade, pal, accompaniment, companion (e.g. book), complement, accessory
  • 友達 【ともだち】 friend, companion
  • リア友 【リアとも】 real-life friend (as opposed to online friend)
  • 酒のお供 【さけのおとも】 appetizer or snack served with drinks, accompaniment to an (alcoholic) drink

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 ど、 ゆ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
you3
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • amigo
  • compañero

Portuguese

  • amigo

French

  • ami
145 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
234 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
214 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
543 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
858 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
158 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
30 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
70 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
264 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
264 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
79 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
268 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3670 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1873 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2553 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
711 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3119 Morohashi
2952 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
672 New Nelson (John Haig)
704 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
760 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
451 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
104 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1467 2001 Kanji
2h2.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
4004.7 Four corner code
1-45-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53cb Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
fond, pleasing, like something
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
423 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 好 【コウ】 good
  • 好意 【コウイ】 kindness, favor, favour, friendliness, goodwill, affection, liking (for someone), love
  • 友好 【ユウコウ】 friendship
  • 同好 【ドウコウ】 similar tastes

Kun reading compounds

  • 好む 【このむ】 to like, to prefer
  • 好むと好まざるとにかかわらず 【このむとこのまざるとにかかわらず】 whether one likes it or not
  • 好く 【すく】 to like, to love, to be fond of
  • 良い 【よい】 good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable, sufficient, enough, ready, prepared, profitable (deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial, OK, all right, fine, no problem
  • いい男 【いいおとこ】 handsome man, looker, good guy, great guy, influential person (esp. in the yakuza), sumo wrestler
  • いい加減 【いいかげん】 irresponsible, perfunctory, careless, lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague, reasonable, moderate, considerably, quite, rather, pretty
  • いい男 【いいおとこ】 handsome man, looker, good guy, great guy, influential person (esp. in the yakuza), sumo wrestler

Readings

Japanese names:
こ、 たか、 とし、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hao3, hao4
Korean:
ho

Spanish

  • agradable
  • gustar algo
  • gustar
  • preferir

Portuguese

  • apaixonado
  • agradável
  • gostar

French

  • aimer bien
  • apprécié
  • agréable
503 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
859 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
308 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1191 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
882 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
152 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
413 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
104 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
104 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
244 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
432 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
240 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
184 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
100 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6053 Morohashi
208 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1180 New Nelson (John Haig)
99 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
103 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
262 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
465 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1747 2001 Kanji
3e2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
1-3-2 SKIP code
4744.7 Four corner code
1-25-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
597d Unicode hex code

11 strokes (also 10)
Radical:
town (阝 right) 邑 (阝)
Parts:
metropolis, capital, all, everything
Kun:
みやこ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
123 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 都 【ト】 Metropolis (of Tokyo), (Tokyo) Metropolitan District, metropolitan prefecture, counter for cities and towns, capital
  • 都営 【トエイ】 (under) metropolitan government management
  • 遷都 【セント】 relocation of the capital, transfer of the capital
  • 東都 【トウト】 the Eastern Capital (now Tokyo), Yedo, Edo
  • 都度 【ツド】 each (every) time, whenever
  • 都合 【ツゴウ】 circumstances, condition, convenience, to arrange, to manage, to lend money, to raise money, in all, in total, all told

Kun reading compounds

  • 都 【みやこ】 capital (esp. Kyoto, Japan's former capital), seat of government, capital (of music, fashion, etc.), city (e.g. of light), location of the Imperial Palace
  • 都入り 【みやこいり】 arriving in the capital
  • 京の都 【きょうのみやこ】 Kyoto
  • 森の都 【もりのみやこ】 tree-clad town

Readings

Japanese names:
くに、 ず、 ち、 づめ、 みや
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
du1, dou1
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • metrópoli
  • capital

Portuguese

  • metropole
  • capital

French

  • métropole
  • capitale
287 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
376 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
355 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
92 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4769 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
173 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
265 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1419 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
188 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
188 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
338 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
761 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1106 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1505 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1863 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39497P Morohashi
1686 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6148 New Nelson (John Haig)
1846 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1989 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
384 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2d8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-3 SKIP code
1-8-2 SKIP code
4762.7 Four corner code
1-37-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
90fd Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
market, city, town
Kun:
いち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
42 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 市 【シ】 city
  • 市営 【シエイ】 (under) municipal management (transport, housing, etc.), city facility management
  • 同市 【ドウシ】 same city
  • 田園都市 【デンエントシ】 rural or garden city

Kun reading compounds

  • 市 【いち】 market, fair
  • 市中 【しちゅう】 in the city
  • 骨董市 【こっとういち】 antique market, flea market
  • 草市 【くさいち】 flower market during Obon, fair of plants and flowers (as offerings)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 ち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • mercado
  • ciudad

Portuguese

  • mercado
  • cidade

French

  • marché
  • ville
  • cité
222 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
144 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
130 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
78 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
284 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
119 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
162 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
195 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
181 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
547 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
556 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2487 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1258 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1724 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
419 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8775 Morohashi
1993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1549 New Nelson (John Haig)
412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
440 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
305 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2j3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
1-27-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e02 Unicode hex code