Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
cliff
Parts:
Variants:
meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness
Kun:
はら
On:
ゲン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
172 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 原 【ゲン】 original, primitive, primary, fundamental, raw
  • 原案 【ゲンアン】 original plan, original bill, original motion, draft
  • 中原 【チュウゲン】 middle of a field, middle of a country, field of contest
  • 抗原 【コウゲン】 antigen

Kun reading compounds

  • 原 【はら】 field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
  • 原っぱ 【はらっぱ】 open field, empty lot, plain
  • 萩原 【はぎはら】 reedy field
  • 笹原 【ささはら】 field of bamboo grass

Readings

Japanese names:
た、 ばる、 ら、 わた、 わら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • origen
  • pradera
  • prado
  • campo

Portuguese

  • prado
  • original
  • primitivo
  • campo
  • planície
  • pradaria
  • tundra
  • sertão

French

  • pré
  • prairie
  • champ
  • original
  • primitif
  • toundra
  • désert (étendue sauvage)
205 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
107 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
132 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
825 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
202 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
388 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1231 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
136 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
405 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
260 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3733 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1910 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2593 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
136 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2973 Morohashi
3009 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
652 New Nelson (John Haig)
134 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
142 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
113 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
192 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3341 2001 Kanji
2p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-8 SKIP code
7129.6 Four corner code
1-24-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
539f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to
Kun:
よ.るちな.む
On:
イン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
636 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 因 【イン】 cause, factor, hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions), the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya)
  • 因縁 【インネン】 fate, destiny, connection, tie, bond, origin, pretext, justification, hetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things)
  • 主因 【シュイン】 primary cause, main factor
  • 勝因 【ショウイン】 cause of victory

Kun reading compounds

  • 因る 【よる】 to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from, to be based at (a location, an organization), to be headquartered at
  • よるところが大きい 【よるところがおおきい】 depending largely on, playing a large role in, due largely to
  • 因む 【ちなむ】 to be associated (with), to be connected (with)

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yin1
Korean:
in

Spanish

  • causa
  • origen
  • depender de
  • contar con

Portuguese

  • causa
  • fator
  • seja associado com
  • contar com
  • ser limitado para

French

  • cause
  • facteur
  • associé à
  • dépendre de
  • limité à
548 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
643 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
614 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
646 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1026 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
462 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
420 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
311 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
554 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
563 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
406 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
337 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3792 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2629 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
590 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4693 Morohashi
3054 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
939 New Nelson (John Haig)
583 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
626 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
485 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
655 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
3s3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
6043.0 Four corner code
1-16-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56e0 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
negative, non-, bad, ugly, clumsy
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
101 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 不 【フ】 un-, non-, negative prefix
  • 不安 【フアン】 anxiety, uneasiness, worry, apprehension, fear, insecurity, suspense
  • 意味不 【イミフ】 of uncertain meaning, ambiguous, cryptic, nonsensical, incomprehensible, perplexing
  • 無 【ブ】 un-, non-, bad ..., poor ...
  • 不気味 【ブキミ】 weird, ominous, eerie, uncanny, ghastly

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bu4, bu2
Korean:
bu, bul

Spanish

  • prefijo negativo: in-
  • des-

Portuguese

  • Prefixo negativo
  • negativa
  • não
  • feia
  • ruim
  • deselegante

French

  • négation
  • non
  • mauvais
  • laid
  • maladroit
500 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
600 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
572 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
134 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
17 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
130 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
104 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
94 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.18 Japanese for Busy People
94 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
94 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
422 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
10 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4242 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2141 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2890 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1225 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19 Morohashi
3434 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
13 New Nelson (John Haig)
1217 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1302 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
103 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
444 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
0a4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
3-3-1 SKIP code
3-2-2 SKIP code
1090.0 Four corner code
1-41-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0d Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, discernment, insight, an eye (for), eyesight, vision, nth year in the Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 英明 【エイメイ】 intelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (July 4, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明り先 【あかりさき】 source of light
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 light, well-lit, well-lighted, bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored, cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition), encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in), fair (e.g. politics), clean, impartial
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to grow light
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 clear, obvious, evident, plain, definite, bright, light
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • あくる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge, to disclose, to expose, to prove, to verify

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
1-44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code