Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
ten, complete
Parts:
co-, cooperation
On:
キョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
121 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 協議 【キョウギ】 conference, consultation, discussion, negotiation
  • 協会 【キョウカイ】 association, society, organization, organisation
  • 農協 【ノウキョウ】 agricultural cooperative
  • 経協 【ケイキョウ】 management association, management conference, management institute

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xie2
Korean:
hyeob

Spanish

  • cooperación
  • colaboración

Portuguese

  • co-
  • cooperação

French

  • coopération
  • co-
377 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
485 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
461 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
209 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
774 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
572 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
381 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
548 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
234 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
234 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
444 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
244 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
103 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
70 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
74 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
881 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2742 Morohashi
93 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
617 New Nelson (John Haig)
872 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
937 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
193 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
501 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1445 2001 Kanji
2k6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
4402.7 Four corner code
1-22-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5354 Unicode hex code

2 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
power, strength, strong, strain, bear up, exert
Kun:
ちから
On:
リョクリキリイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
62 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 力 【リョク】 strength, power, proficiency, ability
  • 力作 【リキサク】 painstaking piece of work, work of great effort, tour de force, outstanding work, toil, labor, labour
  • 水力 【スイリョク】 hydraulic power, water power
  • 威力 【イリョク】 power, might, authority, influence
  • 力 【リキ】 strength, power, proficiency, ability, the strength of ... people, the strength of ... men
  • 力学 【リキガク】 mechanics, dynamics
  • 地力 【ジリキ】 one's own potential, real ability, one's own strength
  • 合力 【ゴウリョク】 resultant force, assistance, help, donation, alms, almsgiving

Kun reading compounds

  • 力 【ちから】 force, strength, might, vigour, vigor, energy, capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty, efficacy, effect, effort, endeavours, endeavors, exertions, power, authority, influence, good offices, agency, support, help, aid, assistance, stress, emphasis, means, resources
  • 力強い 【ちからづよい】 powerful, strong, forceful, vigorous, reassuring, encouraging
  • 強い力 【つよいちから】 strong interaction, strong force
  • 弱い力 【よわいちから】 weak force, weak interaction

Readings

Japanese names:
じから、 つとむ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li4
Korean:
ryeog

Spanish

  • potencia
  • poder
  • fuerza
  • energía
  • vigor
  • énfasis

Portuguese

  • força
  • forte
  • esforço
  • suportar
  • exercer

French

  • force
  • fort
  • puissance
  • tension
  • tenir le coup
  • s'efforcer
  • employer (force)
148 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
38 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
74 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
69 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
715 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
53 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
128 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
11 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.15 Japanese for Busy People
100 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
100 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
173 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
207 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4178 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2114 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
866 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2288 Morohashi
3371 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
521 New Nelson (John Haig)
858 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
922 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
38 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
9 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1645 2001 Kanji
2g0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-2-4 SKIP code
4002.7 Four corner code
1-46-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529b Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
70 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 関 【カン】 barrier, gate
  • 関係 【カンケイ】 relation, relationship, connection, participation, involvement, concern, influence, effect, sexual relations, sexual relationship, related to, connected to
  • 連関 【レンカン】 connection, relation, linkage
  • 通関 【ツウカン】 customs clearance

Kun reading compounds

  • 関 【せき】 barrier, gate, seki (in go), mutual life
  • 関取 【せきとり】 ranking wrestler in the makuuchi (senior-grade) or juryo (junior-grade) divisions
  • 霞ヶ関 【かすみがせき】 Kasumigaseki, district of Tokyo where most of Japan's government ministry offices are located, government ministries (of Japan), Japanese government bureaucracy
  • 関わる 【かかわる】 to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)
  • 覗き機関 【のぞきからくり】 peep show, device with lens mounted on a stand or in a box to view enlarged pictures
  • 水機関 【みずからくり】 puppet powered by (falling) water, water-powered contrivance, show using such a device (in Edo-period Osaka)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guan1
Korean:
gwan, wan

Spanish

  • barrera
  • puerta
  • relación
  • mecanismo
  • valla

Portuguese

  • conexão
  • obstáculo
  • passagem
  • emvolver
  • concernente

French

  • relation
  • barrière
  • lien
  • rapport
  • concerner
365 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
467 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
444 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
104 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4958 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
289 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
982 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2245 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.7 Japanese for Busy People
398 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
402 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
446 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1844 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4129 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2099 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2842 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2036 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41297 Morohashi
3328 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6402 New Nelson (John Haig)
2017 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2173 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
84 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
614 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3863 2001 Kanji
8e6.7 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-6 SKIP code
7743.0 Four corner code
1-20-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
95a2 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
person in charge, connection, duty, concern oneself
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
232 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 係争 【ケイソウ】 dispute, contention, conflict, controversy
  • 係数 【ケイスウ】 coefficient, factor, proportional constant
  • 相関関係 【ソウカンカンケイ】 correlation, interrelation, intertwining
  • 三角関係 【サンカクカンケイ】 love triangle, eternal triangle

Kun reading compounds

  • 係る 【かかる】 to be the work of, to be the result of, to be done by, to concern, to affect, to involve, to relate to
  • 係 【かかり】 charge, duty, person in charge, official, clerk, connection, linking
  • 係員 【かかりいん】 person in charge, official, attendant
  • 口座係 【こうざかかり】 teller (in bank)
  • 応接係 【おうせつかかり】 receptionist, desk clerk
  • 関わる 【かかわる】 to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xi4
Korean:
gye

Spanish

  • cargo
  • deber
  • concernir
  • afectar

Portuguese

  • pessoa em carga
  • conexão
  • dever
  • interessa a si próprio

French

  • chargé de
  • liaison
  • devoir
  • s'occuper de
385 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
286 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
268 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
263 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
449 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
426 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
318 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
909 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
931 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
447 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
94 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
108 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
73 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
78 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1404 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
663 Morohashi
97 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
217 New Nelson (John Haig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1493 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
221 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
324 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2141 2001 Kanji
2a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-7 SKIP code
2229.3 Four corner code
1-23-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4fc2 Unicode hex code