Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
ten, complete
Parts:
Variants:
graduate, soldier, private, die
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
772 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 卒 【ソツ】 low-ranking soldier, graduation, outgrowing, moving on (from), low-ranking samurai (1870-1872), death (of a noble, etc.)
  • 卒業 【ソツギョウ】 graduation, completion (of a course), moving on (from), outgrowing (something), leaving (a group, company, etc.), quitting
  • 中卒 【チュウソツ】 junior high school graduate, middle school graduate
  • 大卒 【ダイソツ】 university graduate, having graduated from university

Kun reading compounds

  • 卒する 【そっする】 to die, to pass away
  • 終える 【おえる】 to finish, to graduate
  • 終わる 【おわる】 to end, to come to an end, to close, to finish

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zu2, cu4
Korean:
jeol

Spanish

  • graduación
  • soldado raso

Portuguese

  • soldado
  • particular
  • dados

French

  • fin d'études
  • soldat
  • privé
  • mourir
457 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
564 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
537 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
738 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
294 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
798 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
380 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
732 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.1 Japanese for Busy People
787 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
801 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
306 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
245 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2549 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1300 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1769 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1034 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2740 Morohashi
2055 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
615 New Nelson (John Haig)
1025 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
509 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
455 2001 Kanji
2j6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-6 SKIP code
2-6-2 SKIP code
0040.8 Four corner code
1-34-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5352 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
business, vocation, arts, performance
Kun:
わざ
On:
ギョウゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
43 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 業 【ギョウ】 work, business, company, agency, study
  • 業界 【ギョウカイ】 business world, business circles, (the) industry
  • 鉱業 【コウギョウ】 mining industry
  • 興業 【コウギョウ】 promotion of industry, inauguration of a new industrial enterprise
  • 業 【ゴウ】 karma, result of one's karma, fate, destiny, uncontrollable temper
  • 業因 【ゴウイン】 karma
  • 罪業 【ザイゴウ】 sin, iniquity, crime
  • 正業 【ショウゴウ】 right action, correct meditative activity (in Jodo, saying the name of Amitabha)

Kun reading compounds

  • 業 【わざ】 deed, act, work, performance
  • 業師 【わざし】 tricky wrestler, shrewd fellow
  • 寝技 【ねわざ】 pinning technique (in wrestling or judo), underhanded dealings
  • 投げ技 【なげわざ】 throw or throwing technique (sumo, judo)

Readings

Japanese names:
なり、 のぶ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ye4
Korean:
eob

Spanish

  • negocio
  • industria
  • trabajo

Portuguese

  • negócios
  • vocação
  • artes
  • performance

French

  • activité
  • vocation
  • arts
  • représentation
  • karma
380 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
278 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
260 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
54 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
143 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
292 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
199 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2024 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.1 Japanese for Busy People
279 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
307 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1066 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1674 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2265 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1809 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15170 Morohashi
2612 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2789 New Nelson (John Haig)
1792 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1931 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
74 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
419 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1064 2001 Kanji
0a13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
3290.4 Four corner code
1-22-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
696d Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
evidence, proof, certificate
Kun:
あかし
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
306 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 証 【アカシ】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
  • 証券 【ショウケン】 bond, bill, certificate, security
  • 査証 【サショウ】 visa, endorsing (e.g. a passport), stamping
  • 偽証 【ギショウ】 false evidence, perjury, false testimony

Kun reading compounds

  • 証 【あかし】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zheng4
Korean:
jeung

Spanish

  • evidencia
  • prueba
  • testimonio
  • certificado

Portuguese

  • evidência
  • prova
  • certificado

French

  • preuve
  • évidence
  • certificat
816 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
737 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
715 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
430 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4341 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
697 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1746 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1660 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
484 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
666 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1672 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1899 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1010 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1365 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
386 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35341 Morohashi
1506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5589 New Nelson (John Haig)
380 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
406 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
754 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3073 2001 Kanji
7a5.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0161.1 Four corner code
1-30-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a3c Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
write
Kun:
か.く-が.き-がき
On:
ショ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
169 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 書 【ショ】 book, document, calligraphy (esp. Chinese), penmanship, handwriting, letter, note
  • 書院 【ショイン】 drawing room, study, publishing house, writing alcove
  • 投書 【トウショ】 letter (e.g. of complaint), letter to the editor, letter from a reader, contribution (to a newspaper, magazine, etc.)
  • 議定書 【ギテイショ】 protocol

Kun reading compounds

  • 書く 【かく】 to write, to compose, to pen, to draw, to paint

Readings

Japanese names:
かき
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shu1
Korean:
seo

Spanish

  • escritura
  • escrito
  • escribir

Portuguese

  • escrever

French

  • écrire
92 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
159 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
142 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
130 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3719 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
70 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
58 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1216 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
131 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
998 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3292 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1703 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2314 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
333 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14294 Morohashi
2658 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2463 New Nelson (John Haig)
327 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
349 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
121 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
197 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1678 2001 Kanji
4c6.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-4 SKIP code
5060.1 Four corner code
1-29-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
66f8 Unicode hex code