Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学位 【ガクイ】 (academic) degree
  • 短期大学 【タンキダイガク】 junior college, vocationally oriented two or three year post-secondary education institution
  • 法医学 【ホウイガク】 forensic medicine, forensic pathology, medical jurisprudence, legal medicine

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
1-19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
soldier, private, troops, army, warfare, strategy, tactics
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
522 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 兵 【ヘイ】 (common) soldier, rank and file, army, troops, warfare, strategy
  • 兵員 【ヘイイン】 military strength, military personnel
  • 伏兵 【フクヘイ】 ambush, troops in ambush, unexpected opposition, unexpected obstacle
  • 工兵 【コウヘイ】 combat engineer, military engineer, combat engineering, military engineering
  • 兵 【ヒョウ】 pawn
  • 兵法 【ヘイホウ】 art of war, strategy, tactics
  • 小兵 【コヒョウ】 small build, small stature
  • 大兵 【ダイヒョウ】 of great build or stature, great number of soldiers, great army

Kun reading compounds

  • 兵 【つわもの】 warrior, soldier, courageous person, strong person
  • 古強者 【ふるつわもの】 feudal warrior, samurai, old soldier, veteran, old hand

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bing1
Korean:
byeong

Spanish

  • soldado
  • marinero
  • tropa

Portuguese

  • soldado
  • particular
  • tropas
  • exército
  • guerra
  • estratégia
  • tática

French

  • soldat
  • simple soldat
  • troupes
  • armée
  • guerre
  • stratégie
  • tactique
712 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
606 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
578 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
447 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
201 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
396 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
343 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
499 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
784 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
798 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
994 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
155 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3158 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1621 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2207 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1343 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1462 Morohashi
2551 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
374 New Nelson (John Haig)
1331 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1429 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
243 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
489 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2661 2001 Kanji
2o5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-2 SKIP code
7280.1 Four corner code
1-42-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5175 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
Variants:
utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set
Kun:
うつわ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
525 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 器 【キ】 device, instrument, vessel, container, ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
  • 機械 【キカイ】 machine, mechanism, instrument, appliance, apparatus
  • 呼吸器 【コキュウキ】 respiratory organs
  • 化学兵器 【カガクヘイキ】 chemical weapon

Kun reading compounds

  • 器 【うつわ】 bowl, vessel, container, ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
  • 器物 【きぶつ】 container, receptacle, utensil, implement, furniture, calibre, talent, ability, personal property
  • 横綱の器 【よこづなのうつわ】 mental characteristics expected of a grand champion

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • utensilio
  • vasija
  • receptáculo
  • envase
  • caldera

Portuguese

  • utensilio
  • vasol
  • receptaculo
  • implementar
  • instrumento
  • capacidade
  • recipiente
  • ferramenta
  • conjunto

French

  • ustensile
  • récipient
  • instrument
  • appareil
  • capacité
  • outil
  • service (de table)
372 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
475 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
452 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
483 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
398 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
419 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2378 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
527 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
536 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
682 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
334 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3367 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1742 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2368 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
122 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4349P Morohashi
2713 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
898 New Nelson (John Haig)
121 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
127 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
624 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3777 2001 Kanji
3d12.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-9 SKIP code
4-15-1 SKIP code
6666.3 Four corner code
1-20-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5668 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sign 示 (礻)
Parts:
prohibition, ban, forbid
On:
キン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
681 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 禁 【キン】 ban (e.g. on smoking), prohibition
  • 禁煙 【キンエン】 abstaining from smoking, quitting smoking, No Smoking!, Smoking Prohibited!
  • 軟禁 【ナンキン】 house arrest
  • 拘禁 【コウキン】 detention, custody, confinement, internment

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jin4, jin1
Korean:
geum

Spanish

  • prohibición
  • proscripción
  • prohibir

Portuguese

  • proibição
  • proibir
  • banir

French

  • interdiction
  • défense de
763 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
682 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
654 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
853 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3251 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
639 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
776 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2021 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
482 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
491 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
815 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1416 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3469 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1788 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1107 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24743 Morohashi
2795 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4098 New Nelson (John Haig)
1098 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1179 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
772 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1841 2001 Kanji
4e8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-8-5 SKIP code
4490.1 Four corner code
1-22-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7981 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
stop
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 止血 【シケツ】 stopping of bleeding, stanching, hemostasis, haemostasis
  • 止音器 【シオンキ】 (piano) damper
  • 抑止 【ヨクシ】 check, checkmate, stave off, control, restraint, inhibit, deterrent, deterrence
  • 解止 【カイシ】 termination

Kun reading compounds

  • 止まる 【とまる】 to stop (moving), to come to a stop, to stop (doing, working, being supplied), to come to a halt, to cease, to be stopped, to be suspended, to alight, to perch on
  • 止める 【とめる】 to stop, to turn off, to park, to prevent, to suppress (a cough), to hold back (tears), to hold (one's breath), to relieve (pain), to stop (someone from doing something), to dissuade, to forbid, to prohibit, to notice, to be aware of, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind, to fix (in place), to fasten, to tack, to pin, to nail, to button, to staple, to detain, to keep in custody
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止め 【とどめ】 finishing blow, coup de grâce
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止まる 【とどまる】 to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place), to be limited to, to be confined to, to only account for
  • とどまるところを知らない 【とどまるところをしらない】 knowing no bounds, showing no signs of stopping or slowing down
  • 止める 【やめる】 to stop (an activity), to cease, to discontinue, to end, to quit, to cancel, to abandon, to give up, to abolish, to abstain, to refrain
  • 止む 【やむ】 to cease, to stop, to be over
  • やむを得ない 【やむをえない】 cannot be helped, unavoidable
  • 止す 【よす】 to cease, to desist, to cut it out, to lay off (an activity), to drop (a subject) to abolish, to resign, to give up

Readings

Japanese names:
どめ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi3
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • parar
  • cesar
  • dejar de hacer
  • detenerse
  • pararse
  • detener

Portuguese

  • parada

French

  • arrêter
  • cesser
220 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
143 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
129 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
400 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2429 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
552 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
202 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
87 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
477 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
485 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1127 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3659 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1868 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2545 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
376 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16253 Morohashi
2941 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2954 New Nelson (John Haig)
370 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
396 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
415 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
94 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1273 2001 Kanji
2m2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-27-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b62 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
loom, mechanism, machine, airplane, opportunity, potency, efficacy, occasion
Kun:
はた
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
127 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 機 【キ】 chance, opportunity, machine, aircraft, counter for aircraft, counter for (remaining) lives
  • 機運 【キウン】 opportunity, chance, good time (to do), trend, tendency, momentum
  • 端末機 【タンマツキ】 terminal (unit)
  • 有機 【ユウキ】 organic

Kun reading compounds

  • 機 【はた】 loom
  • 機織り 【はたおり】 weaving, weaver
  • 高機 【たかばた】 traditional Japanese treadle-operated tall loom

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • mecanismo
  • máquina
  • avión
  • ocasión
  • telar

Portuguese

  • mecanismo
  • oportunidade
  • ocasião
  • máquina
  • avião

French

  • métier à tisser
  • mécanique
  • opportunité
  • machine
  • avion
  • organique
373 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
476 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
453 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
101 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2379 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
415 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
528 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
537 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
334 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1115 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1365 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
736 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1394 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15561 Morohashi
1076 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2880 New Nelson (John Haig)
1382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1482 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
158 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
631 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1859 2001 Kanji
4a12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-12 SKIP code
4295.3 Four corner code
1-21-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a5f Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
70 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 関 【カン】 barrier, gate
  • 関係 【カンケイ】 relation, relationship, connection, participation, involvement, concern, influence, effect, sexual relations, sexual relationship, related to, connected to
  • 連関 【レンカン】 connection, relation, linkage
  • 通関 【ツウカン】 customs clearance

Kun reading compounds

  • 関 【せき】 barrier, gate, seki (in go), mutual life
  • 関取 【せきとり】 ranking wrestler in the makuuchi (senior-grade) or juryo (junior-grade) divisions
  • 霞ヶ関 【かすみがせき】 Kasumigaseki, district of Tokyo where most of Japan's government ministry offices are located, government ministries (of Japan), Japanese government bureaucracy
  • 関わる 【かかわる】 to be affected, to be influenced, to be concerned with, to have to do with, to stick to (opinions)
  • 覗き機関 【のぞきからくり】 peep show, device with lens mounted on a stand or in a box to view enlarged pictures
  • 水機関 【みずからくり】 puppet powered by (falling) water, water-powered contrivance, show using such a device (in Edo-period Osaka)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guan1
Korean:
gwan, wan

Spanish

  • barrera
  • puerta
  • relación
  • mecanismo
  • valla

Portuguese

  • conexão
  • obstáculo
  • passagem
  • emvolver
  • concernente

French

  • relation
  • barrière
  • lien
  • rapport
  • concerner
365 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
467 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
444 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
104 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4958 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
289 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
982 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2245 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.7 Japanese for Busy People
398 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
402 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
446 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1844 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4129 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2099 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2842 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2036 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41297 Morohashi
3328 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6402 New Nelson (John Haig)
2017 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2173 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
84 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
614 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3863 2001 Kanji
8e6.7 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-6 SKIP code
7743.0 Four corner code
1-20-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
95a2 Unicode hex code