Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
Variants:
diligence, become employed, serve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
830 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 勤務 【キンム】 service, duty, work
  • 勤勉 【キンベン】 diligent, industrious
  • 出勤 【シュッキン】 going to work, leaving for work, attendance (at work), being at work, presence (in the office), reporting for work
  • 通勤 【ツウキン】 commuting to work
  • 勤行 【ゴンギョウ】 religious service
  • 勤行時報係 【ゴンギョウジホウガカリ】 muezzin

Kun reading compounds

  • 勤める 【つとめる】 to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in), to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of), to conduct a religious service
  • 務まる 【つとまる】 to be fit (for a role), to be qualified (for), to be equal (to a task), to be able to fulfill one's duties (as)
  • 勤しむ 【いそしむ】 to work hard at, to devote oneself to, to be diligent in

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qin2
Korean:
geun

Spanish

  • tarea
  • trabajo
  • deber
  • servicio diario
  • servir
  • desempeñar un cargo
  • ser adecuado para

Portuguese

  • diligência
  • tornar-se empregado
  • servir

French

  • assiduité
  • application
  • travailler
  • être employé
762 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
853 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
842 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
750 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
732 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
726 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
376 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1698 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
559 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
568 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
525 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
223 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2287 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1182 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1613 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1591 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2415P Morohashi
1818 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
552 New Nelson (John Haig)
1577 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1700 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
941 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1945 2001 Kanji
2g10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-2 SKIP code
4412.7 Four corner code
1-22-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52e4 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
task, duties
Kun:
つと.める
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
111 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 務所 【ムショ】 prison
  • ムショ上がり 【ムショアガリ】 former prisoner
  • 勤務 【キンム】 service, duty, work
  • 乗務 【ジョウム】 doing transport-related work

Kun reading compounds

  • 勤める 【つとめる】 to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in), to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of), to conduct a religious service

Readings

Japanese names:
つかさ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wu4
Korean:
mu

Spanish

  • tarea
  • obligaciones
  • deber
  • cargo
  • servir
  • desempeñar un cargo

Portuguese

  • tarefa
  • deveres

French

  • tâche
  • devoir
  • travail
722 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
815 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
795 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
140 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3167 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
491 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
372 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1377 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.5 Japanese for Busy People
235 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
235 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
388 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
222 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1505 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
797 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1085 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1235 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2394 Morohashi
1173 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
546 New Nelson (John Haig)
1227 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1313 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
244 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
747 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3545 2001 Kanji
4i7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-6 SKIP code
1822.7 Four corner code
1-44-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52d9 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
before, ahead, previous, future, precedence
Kun:
さきま.ず
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
173 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 先 【セン】 former, previous, old, first move (in go, shogi, etc.), opening move
  • 先月 【センゲツ】 last month
  • 優先 【ユウセン】 preference, priority, precedence
  • 率先 【ソッセン】 taking the initiative

Kun reading compounds

  • 先 【さき】 point, tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line), front, first, before, ahead (of), (the way) ahead, beyond, future, previous, prior, former, recent, last, destination, rest (e.g. of a story), continuation, remaining part, the other party
  • 先ほど 【さきほど】 a short while ago, a moment ago, just now, some time ago
  • この先 【このさき】 beyond this point, ahead, from now on, after this, in the future
  • 小手先 【こてさき】 tip of the hand, (use of) one's hands, cheap trick, superficial wit, superficial cleverness, cheap, makeshift (e.g. measures), shortsighted, perfunctory, halfhearted
  • 先ず 【まず】 first (of all), firstly, to begin with, before anything else, probably, most likely, almost certainly, virtually, more or less (satisfactory), on the whole, reasonably, anyway, at any rate, for now (at least), for the time being
  • まず第一に 【まずだいいちに】 first of all, in the first place, to begin with, for starters

Readings

Japanese names:
ぽん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian1
Korean:
seon

Spanish

  • antes
  • adelante
  • previo
  • precedencia
  • extremo
  • punta
  • final
  • anterior

Portuguese

  • antes
  • prévio
  • na frente
  • futuro
  • precedência

French

  • avant
  • devant
  • précédent
  • futur
  • antériorité
33 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
43 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
49 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
201 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
65 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
16 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
280 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
50 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
48 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
145 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3046 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1552 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2123 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
254 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1349 Morohashi
2394 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
350 New Nelson (John Haig)
248 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
263 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
115 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
54 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2457 2001 Kanji
3b3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-2 SKIP code
2421.1 Four corner code
1-32-72 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5148 Unicode hex code