Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
exertion, endeavour, encourage, strive, make effort, diligent
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
1066 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 勉強 【ベンキョウ】 study, diligence, discount, reduction
  • 勉学 【ベンガク】 study, pursuit of knowledge
  • 猛勉 【モウベン】 studying hard, cramming
  • のこ勉 【ノコベン】 staying behind after school to do private study

Kun reading compounds

  • 努める 【つとめる】 to endeavor (endeavour), to try, to strive, to make an effort, to exert oneself, to be diligent, to be committed (to doing something)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひこ、 やつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mian3
Korean:
myeon

Spanish

  • esforzarse
  • ejercitarse

Portuguese

  • esforço

French

  • exercice
317 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
413 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
390 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
946 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
228 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
852 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
129 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1263 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
735 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
748 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
219 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4113 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2088 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2829 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1994 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2384P Morohashi
3318 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
543 New Nelson (John Haig)
1975 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2129 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
366 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2557 2001 Kanji
2n8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-2 SKIP code
2421.2 Four corner code
1-42-57 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
52c9 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
112 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 強 【キョウ】 a little over, a little more than, powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful
  • 強化 【キョウカ】 strengthening, intensifying, reinforcement, enhancement, solidification
  • 列強 【レッキョウ】 major powers of the world, great powers
  • 屈強 【クッキョウ】 robust, brawny, muscular, strong, sturdy
  • 強盗 【ゴウトウ】 robber, mugger, robbery, burglary
  • 強引 【ゴウイン】 overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed

Kun reading compounds

  • 強い 【つよい】 strong, potent, competent, domineering, tough, strong, brawny, powerful, healthy, rugged, good (at), skilled, knowledgeable, being able to handle, know how to deal (with), durable (against), resistant (to), resilient, firm, rigid, solid, intense, strong, fierce, high, dependable, trustworthy
  • 強い心 【つよいこころ】 stout heart, strong mind
  • 強まる 【つよまる】 to get strong, to gain strength
  • 強める 【つよめる】 to strengthen, to emphasize, to emphasise
  • 強いる 【しいる】 to force, to compel, to coerce, to press, to impose
  • 強い 【こわい】 tough, stiff, hard, inflexible, obstinate, stubborn, tired, worn out
  • 強飯 【こわめし】 glutinous rice with red beans (eaten on celebratory occasions), mochi rice with red beans

Readings

Japanese names:
すね
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qiang2, jiang4, qiang3
Korean:
gang

Spanish

  • fuerte
  • coacción
  • poderoso
  • obligar
  • forzar
  • coaccionar

Portuguese

  • Forte
  • poderoso
  • forçar

French

  • fort
192 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
100 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
112 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1571 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
332 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
170 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1878 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
217 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
611 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
574 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
432 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1243 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9815 Morohashi
475 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1695 New Nelson (John Haig)
1235 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1321 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
133 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
201 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3571 2001 Kanji
3h8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
1323.6 Four corner code
1-22-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f37 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
desk, table
Kun:
つくえ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
1671 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 机上 【キジョウ】 on the desk, theoretical, academic, armchair (e.g. plan), desktop, paper, not yet implemented
  • 机下 【キカ】 word of respect added to the addressee's name on a letter, under the desk
  • 明窓浄机 【メイソウジョウキ】 dustless desk by a well-lit window, well-lit and clean study conducive to learning

Kun reading compounds

  • 机 【つくえ】 desk
  • 机に向かう 【つくえにむかう】 to sit at a desk (to study), to set to work on revision, homework, etc.
  • 片袖机 【かたそでづくえ】 desk with a tier of drawers on one side
  • 八足の机 【やつあしのつくえ】 eight-legged table (used as a stand for religious offerings, etc.)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1
Korean:
gwe

Spanish

  • mesa
  • escritorio

Portuguese

  • mesa
  • escrivaninha

French

  • bureau
  • table
845 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
832 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1610 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2174 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1785 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1305 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1384 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
38 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1068 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1014 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
549 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
726 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
214 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14435 Morohashi
820 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2543 New Nelson (John Haig)
210 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
223 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
842 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1857 2001 Kanji
4a2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-2 SKIP code
4791.0 Four corner code
1-20-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
673a Unicode hex code