Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 last (i.e. immediately preceding), previous, ex-, former, pre- (e.g. premodern), before, before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 in front (of), before (e.g. a building), before, earlier, previously, prior, ago, (minutes) to (the hour), (the) front, frontal part, fore, head (e.g. of a line), forward, ahead, (in the) presence (of), in front (of someone), previous (e.g. page), prior (e.g. engagement), first (e.g. half), former (e.g. example), portion, helping, front (of one's body or clothing), breast (of a coat, kimono, etc.), privates, private parts, criminal record, previous conviction, (a) prior
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
1-33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
Variants:
pay, clear out, prune, banish, dispose of
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
813 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 払暁 【フツギョウ】 dawn, daybreak

Kun reading compounds

  • 払う 【はらう】 to pay (e.g. money, bill), to brush off, to wipe away, to clear away, to dust off, to cut off (e.g. branches), to drive away (e.g. one's competitors), to sell off (something unneeded), to dispose of, to pay (e.g. attention), to show (e.g. respect, concern), to make (e.g. effort, sacrifice), to expend, to exert, to move out (of one's own place), to vacate, to sweep (e.g. one's legs), to knock aside, to make a sweeping stroke (in Japanese calligraphy), to reset (an abacus)

Readings

Japanese names:
はらい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fu2, bi4
Korean:
bul, pil

Spanish

  • pagar
  • saldar
  • liquidar
  • tributar

Portuguese

  • pagamento
  • limpar
  • podar
  • bamir
  • livra-se de

French

  • payer
  • nettoyer
  • tailler
  • bannir
  • se débarrasser de
1766 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
664 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1828 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
904 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
555 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
582 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
591 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
189 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
855 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
225 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
143 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
171 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
746 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11784 Morohashi
194 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2062 New Nelson (John Haig)
738 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
798 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1048 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1371 2001 Kanji
3c2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
5203.0 Four corner code
1-42-07 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6255 Unicode hex code