Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 last (i.e. immediately preceding), previous, ex-, former, pre- (e.g. premodern), before, before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 in front (of), before (e.g. a building), before, earlier, previously, prior, ago, (minutes) to (the hour), (the) front, frontal part, fore, head (e.g. of a line), forward, ahead, (in the) presence (of), in front (of someone), previous (e.g. page), prior (e.g. engagement), first (e.g. half), former (e.g. example), portion, helping, front (of one's body or clothing), breast (of a coat, kimono, etc.), privates, private parts, criminal record, previous conviction, (a) prior
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
1-33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
make, production, prepare, build
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
103 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作柄 【サクガラ】 crop conditions, quality (of art)
  • 大作 【タイサク】 large-scale work, voluminous work, monumental work, great work, masterpiece
  • 遺作 【イサク】 posthumous works
  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作業 【サギョウ】 work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
  • 所作 【ショサ】 conduct, behaviour, movements, gesture, one's carriage, performance (on stage, etc.), dance, acting, dance (in kabuki), dance play
  • 安定操作 【アンテイソウサ】 stabilizing (stock) transaction

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up

Readings

Japanese names:
くり、 さか、 さっ、 づくり、 とも、 なお、 はぎ、 まさか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zuo1, zuo4, zuo2
Korean:
jag, ja, ju

Spanish

  • hacer
  • construir
  • fabricar
  • conducta
  • comportamiento
  • crear

Portuguese

  • fazer
  • produção
  • preparar
  • construção

French

  • fabriquer
  • produire
  • construire
  • préparer
82 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
127 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
99 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
147 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
116 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
362 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.4 Japanese for Busy People
360 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
361 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
75 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
77 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
49 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
52 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1151 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
518 Morohashi
68 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
167 New Nelson (John Haig)
1142 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
120 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
144 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2154 2001 Kanji
2a5.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2821.1 Four corner code
1-26-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f5c Unicode hex code