Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
container, open mouth
Parts:
villain, evil, bad luck, disaster
On:
キョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1673 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凶 【キョウ】 bad luck, bad fortune, evil, wickedness
  • 凶悪 【キョウアク】 atrocious, fiendish, brutal, villainous
  • 元凶 【ゲンキョウ】 ringleader, main culprit, main cause, source
  • 大凶 【ダイキョウ】 terrible luck, very bad luck

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiong1
Korean:
hyung

Spanish

  • mal
  • maldad
  • desastre
  • calamidad

Portuguese

  • vilão
  • mau
  • sorte ruim
  • desastre

French

  • vaurien
  • mauvais
  • malchance
  • désastre
1159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1725 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
663 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1337 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1085 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
173 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1280 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1354 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1812 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
172 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3679 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1877 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2557 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1503 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1803 Morohashi
2961 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
442 New Nelson (John Haig)
1490 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1603 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1022 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1275 2001 Kanji
0a4.19 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
2277.0 Four corner code
1-22-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51f6 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
make, production, prepare, build
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
103 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作柄 【サクガラ】 crop conditions, quality (of art)
  • 大作 【タイサク】 large-scale work, voluminous work, monumental work, great work, masterpiece
  • 遺作 【イサク】 posthumous works
  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作業 【サギョウ】 work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
  • 所作 【ショサ】 conduct, behaviour, movements, gesture, one's carriage, performance (on stage, etc.), dance, acting, dance (in kabuki), dance play
  • 安定操作 【アンテイソウサ】 stabilizing (stock) transaction

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up

Readings

Japanese names:
くり、 さか、 さっ、 づくり、 とも、 なお、 はぎ、 まさか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zuo1, zuo4, zuo2
Korean:
jag, ja, ju

Spanish

  • hacer
  • construir
  • fabricar
  • conducta
  • comportamiento
  • crear

Portuguese

  • fazer
  • produção
  • preparar
  • construção

French

  • fabriquer
  • produire
  • construire
  • préparer
82 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
127 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
99 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
147 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
116 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
362 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.4 Japanese for Busy People
360 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
361 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
75 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
77 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
49 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
52 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1151 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
518 Morohashi
68 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
167 New Nelson (John Haig)
1142 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
120 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
144 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2154 2001 Kanji
2a5.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2821.1 Four corner code
1-26-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f5c Unicode hex code