Jisho

×

16 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
congeal, freeze, stiff, be absorbed in
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1712 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凝縮 【ギョウシュク】 condensation (of ideas, emotions, etc.), condensation (of a vapour or gas)
  • 凝固 【ギョウコ】 coagulation, freezing, solidification

Kun reading compounds

  • 凝る 【こる】 to become stiff (of muscles), to get absorbed in, to develop a passion for, to devote oneself to, to become obsessed with, to get hooked on, to be elaborate, to be intricate, to be exquisite, to be particular about, to pay great attention to
  • 凝らす 【こらす】 to concentrate, to devote, to apply, to strain, to rack
  • 凝らす 【こごらす】 to freeze, to congeal, to concentrate one's attention on, to devote oneself to something, to ponder, to meditate
  • 凝らせる 【こごらせる】 to freeze, to congeal
  • 凝る 【こごる】 to congeal, to freeze

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ning2
Korean:
eung

Spanish

  • rigidez
  • endurecimiento
  • entumecimiento
  • endurecerse
  • ser absorbido
  • crecer erecto

Portuguese

  • congelar
  • geada
  • rígida
  • seja absorvida em

French

  • congeler
  • geler
  • rigide
  • être absorbé
  • coagulation
1175 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1845 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
652 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1370 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1083 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2431 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1619 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1790 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
169 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
198 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
154 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1424 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1720 Morohashi
175 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
431 New Nelson (John Haig)
1412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1515 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1821 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
370 2001 Kanji
2b14.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-14 SKIP code
3718.1 Four corner code
1-22-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51dd Unicode hex code

17 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, reduce
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
909 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 縮 【シュク】 wearing armour (armor), counter for suits of armour
  • 縮小 【シュクショウ】 reduction, curtailment, cut, cutback, scaling down
  • 凝縮 【ギョウシュク】 condensation (of ideas, emotions, etc.), condensation (of a vapour or gas)
  • 濃縮 【ノウシュク】 concentration (e.g. of a solution), enrichment, condensation

Kun reading compounds

  • 縮む 【ちぢむ】 to shrink, to contract, to diminish (in size)
  • 縮まる 【ちぢまる】 to shorten, to narrow, to close, to shrink
  • 縮める 【ちぢめる】 to shorten, to reduce, to condense, to shrink, to crumple (fabric), to wrinkle, to make (one's body) smaller, to draw in (one's legs), to duck (one's head)
  • 縮れる 【ちぢれる】 to be wavy, to be curled, to be frizzled
  • 縮らす 【ちぢらす】 to curl, to crimp

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
suo1, su4
Korean:
chug

Spanish

  • acortar
  • reducir
  • restringir
  • encoger
  • contraerse
  • estar rizado
  • rizar

Portuguese

  • encolher
  • contrair
  • enrugar
  • ruga
  • reduzir

French

  • rétrécir
  • contracter
  • raccourcir
  • friser
  • réduire
904 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
893 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
924 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3608 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1142 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2813 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1110 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1162 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
884 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1558 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1790 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
955 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1290 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1348 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27815 Morohashi
1414 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4585 New Nelson (John Haig)
1336 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1434 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
999 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2778 2001 Kanji
6a11.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-11 SKIP code
2396.1 Four corner code
1-29-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7e2e Unicode hex code