Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
frozen, congeal, refrigerate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1284 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凍結 【トウケツ】 freezing (e.g. water), freezing (prices, wages, assets, etc.), moratorium, suspension (e.g. investment)
  • 凍死 【トウシ】 death from cold, freezing to death
  • 解凍 【カイトウ】 thaw, defrosting, decompression (e.g. of a file), unpacking, extracting, unzipping
  • 自動解凍 【ジドウカイトウ】 self-extracting (file)

Kun reading compounds

  • 凍る 【こおる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
  • 凍える 【こごえる】 to freeze (of one's body), to be frozen, to become numb (with cold), to be chilled
  • 凍てる 【いてる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
  • 凍みる 【しみる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal

Readings

Japanese names:
こおり
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • helado
  • congelado
  • helar
  • congelarse
  • helarse
  • entumecerse

Portuguese

  • congelado
  • congelar
  • refrigerar

French

  • gelé
  • congeler
  • réfrigérer
1644 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1274 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
649 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
349 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1205 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1094 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
146 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
97 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1670 Morohashi
129 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
427 New Nelson (John Haig)
506 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1309 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
2b8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
3519.6 Four corner code
37-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51cd Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
wound, hurt, injure, impair, pain, injury, cut, gash, scar, weak point
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
845 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 傷跡 【キズアト】 scar, cicatrix
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury
  • 殺傷 【サッショウ】 killing and wounding, bloodshed
  • 脳挫傷 【ノウザショウ】 cerebral contusion

Kun reading compounds

  • 傷 【きず】 wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar, chip, crack, scratch, nick, flaw, defect, weakness, weak point, stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
  • 傷跡 【きずあと】 scar, cicatrix
  • 無傷 【むきず】 unhurt, uninjured, unwounded, flawless, spotless, sound, perfect
  • 古創 【ふるきず】 old wound, scar, old unpleasant incident
  • 痛む 【いたむ】 to hurt, to ache, to feel a pain, to be injured, to be spoiled (e.g. food), to be damaged
  • 傷める 【いためる】 to damage, to impair, to spoil
  • 痛める 【いためる】 to hurt, to injure, to cause pain, to harm, to damage, to spoil, to worry, to bother, to be grieved over, to afflict, to cause financial loss, to hurt one's pocket

Readings

Chinese:
shang1
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • herida
  • daño
  • lesión
  • corte
  • estar herido
  • herir

Portuguese

  • machucado
  • ferido
  • ferir
  • danificar
  • dor
  • dano
  • corte
  • corte profundo
  • cicatriz
  • ponto fraco

French

  • blessure
  • faire mal
  • abîmer
  • douleur
  • entaille
  • cicatrice
  • point faible
912 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
901 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
723 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
535 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1008 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1067 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
633 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
643 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
835 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
130 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
179 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
118 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
137 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1005 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1029 Morohashi
158 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
301 New Nelson (John Haig)
996 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1071 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
960 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2151 2001 Kanji
2a11.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-11 SKIP code
2822.7 Four corner code
29-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
50b7 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
old 老 (耂)
Parts:
someone, person
Kun:
もの
On:
シャ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
38 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 者 【シャ】 someone of that nature, someone doing that work
  • 芸者 【ゲイシャ】 geisha, Japanese singing and dancing girl
  • 加害者 【カガイシャ】 assailant, perpetrator, wrong-doer, aggressor

Kun reading compounds

  • 者 【もの】 person
  • 者ども 【ものども】 you, people
  • 弱き者 【よわきもの】 weak person, the weak
  • 若い者 【わかいもの】 young man, young woman, young people, youth, youngsters, young employee, young manservant, young follower

Readings

Chinese:
zhe3
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • persona

Portuguese

  • alguém
  • pessoa

French

  • personne
  • quelqu'un
235 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
314 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
298 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
22 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
56 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
240 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
769 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.6 Japanese for Busy People
164 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
164 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
148 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1578 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3980 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2047 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2765 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1264 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28852 Morohashi
3211 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4698 New Nelson (John Haig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1345 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
19 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
302 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1478 2001 Kanji
4c4.13 The Kanji Dictionary
3-4-4 SKIP code
4-8-2 SKIP code
2-4-4 SKIP code
4460.0 Four corner code
28-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8005 Unicode hex code