Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
blue 青 (靑)
Parts:
Variants:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
764 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 静 【セイ】 stillness, quiet, peacefulness
  • 静観 【セイカン】 watchful waiting, careful supervision
  • 沈静 【チンセイ】 stillness, tranquility, tranquillity, dullness
  • 寧静 【ネイセイ】 calmness, peacefulness, tranquility
  • 静脈 【ジョウミャク】 vein
  • 静注 【ジョウチュウ】 intravenous injection, IV
  • 寂静 【ジャクジョウ】 calmness, stillness, tranquility, calmness of the heart, enlightenment
  • 涅槃寂静 【ネハンジャクジョウ】 enlightenment leads to serenity

Kun reading compounds

  • 静か 【しずか】 quiet, silent, slow, unhurried, calm, peaceful
  • 静かに 【しずかに】 calmly, quietly, gently, peacefully, be quiet!
  • 二人静 【ふたりしずか】 Chloranthus serratus (species of flowering plant)
  • 一人静 【ひとりしずか】 Chloranthus japonicus
  • 静まる 【しずまる】 to become quiet, to quiet down, to quieten down, to calm down, to die down, to subside, to abate, to be suppressed
  • 静める 【しずめる】 to appease, to suppress, to calm

Readings

Japanese names:
しづ
Chinese:
jing4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • quieto
  • tranquilo
  • calmado
  • tranquilo [na]
  • calmarse
  • calmar

Portuguese

  • calmo

French

  • calme
442 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
548 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
519 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
632 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5077 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
703 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1000 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2145 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
663 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
674 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
247 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1872 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2164 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1138 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1554 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42574P Morohashi
1728 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6560 New Nelson (John Haig)
1540 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1660 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
619 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1447 2001 Kanji
4b10.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-6 SKIP code
5725.7 Four corner code
1-32-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9759 Unicode hex code