Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷ややかさ 【ひややかさ】 coldness, frigidity, indifference
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
rain
Parts:
rain
Kun:
あめあま--さめ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
950 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 雨水 【アマミズ】 rain water, "rain water" solar term (approx. Feb 19)
  • 雨季 【ウキ】 rainy season
  • 集中豪雨 【シュウチュウゴウウ】 local downpour, severe rain fall
  • 時雨 【シグレ】 rain shower in late autumn (fall) or early winter, seasonable rain

Kun reading compounds

  • 雨 【あめ】 rain
  • 雨降り 【あめふり】 rainfall, rainy weather
  • 五月雨 【さみだれ】 early-summer rain
  • 黒い雨 【くろいあめ】 heavily polluted, radioactive rain sometimes following an atmospheric nuclear explosion (esp. that of Hiroshima)

Readings

Chinese:
yu3, yu4
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • lluvia

Portuguese

  • chuva

French

  • pluie
42 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
69 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
3 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
655 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5042 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
114 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
97 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
759 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.15 Japanese for Busy People
30 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
30 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
232 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1858 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4378 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2218 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2983 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
429 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42210 Morohashi
3561 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6518 New Nelson (John Haig)
422 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
451 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
76 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3153 2001 Kanji
8d0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-8-1 SKIP code
1022.7 Four corner code
17-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
96e8 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
810 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 曲 【キョク】 composition, piece of music, song, track (on a record), tune, melody, air, enjoyment, fun, interest, pleasure
  • 曲折 【キョクセツ】 windings, meanderings, complications, twists and turns
  • 歌謡曲 【カヨウキョク】 kayōkyoku, form of Japanese popular music that developed during the Showa era, (Western) pop song
  • 名曲 【メイキョク】 famous music

Kun reading compounds

  • 曲がる 【まがる】 to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist, to turn, to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked
  • 曲げる 【まげる】 to bend, to crook, to bow, to curve, to curl, to lean, to tilt, to incline, to slant, to bend (the truth), to distort, to twist, to pervert, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle), to ignore (what one really thinks), to pawn
  • 隈 【くま】 corner, nook, recess, shadow, shade, dark circles (e.g. around one's eyes)

Readings

Japanese names:
まがた
Chinese:
qu3, qu1
Korean:
gog

Spanish

  • melodía
  • curva
  • encorvado
  • torcer
  • doblar
  • torcerse
  • girarse

Portuguese

  • tender
  • música
  • melodia
  • composição
  • prazer
  • injustiça
  • falta
  • curva
  • tortuoso
  • perverso
  • inclinar

French

  • courber
  • musique
  • mélodie
  • composition
  • plaisir
  • injustice
  • faute
  • malhonnête
  • pervers
  • pencher
381 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
279 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
261 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
604 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
103 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
715 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
609 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
327 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
366 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
367 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
625 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
996 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4340 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2197 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2956 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1180 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14280 Morohashi
3527 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2418 New Nelson (John Haig)
1172 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
264 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1976 2001 Kanji
0a6.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
5560.0 Four corner code
22-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
66f2 Unicode hex code