Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷ややかさ 【ひややかさ】 coldness, frigidity, indifference
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
rain
Parts:
rain
Kun:
あめあま--さめ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
950 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 雨水 【アマミズ】 rain water, "rain water" solar term (approx. Feb 19)
  • 雨季 【ウキ】 rainy season
  • 集中豪雨 【シュウチュウゴウウ】 local downpour, severe rain fall
  • 時雨 【シグレ】 rain shower in late autumn (fall) or early winter, seasonable rain

Kun reading compounds

  • 雨 【あめ】 rain
  • 雨降り 【あめふり】 rainfall, rainy weather
  • 五月雨 【さみだれ】 early-summer rain
  • 黒い雨 【くろいあめ】 heavily polluted, radioactive rain sometimes following an atmospheric nuclear explosion (esp. that of Hiroshima)

Readings

Chinese:
yu3, yu4
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • lluvia

Portuguese

  • chuva

French

  • pluie
42 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
69 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
3 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
655 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5042 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
114 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
97 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
759 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.15 Japanese for Busy People
30 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
30 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
232 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1858 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4378 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2218 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2983 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
429 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42210 Morohashi
3561 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6518 New Nelson (John Haig)
422 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
451 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
76 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3153 2001 Kanji
8d0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-8-1 SKIP code
1022.7 Four corner code
17-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
96e8 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
Variants:
beat, attack, defeat, conquer
Kun:
う.つ
On:
ゲキ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
473 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 撃墜 【ゲキツイ】 shooting down (aircraft)
  • 撃沈 【ゲキチン】 sending a ship to the bottom, sinking (a ship), to sink a ship
  • 銃撃 【ジュウゲキ】 shooting, gunning (down)
  • 追撃 【ツイゲキ】 pursuit, chase

Kun reading compounds

  • 撃つ 【うつ】 to shoot (at), to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge

Readings

Chinese:
ji1
Korean:
gyeog

Spanish

  • batida
  • ataque
  • derrota
  • conquista
  • batir
  • atacar
  • derrotar
  • conquistar
  • disparar

Portuguese

  • batida
  • ataque
  • derrota
  • conquista

French

  • battre
  • attaquer
  • vaincre
  • conquérir
1209 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
433 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1986 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
997 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1381 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1016 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1054 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1041 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
851 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3552 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1831 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2492 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
716 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12674P Morohashi
2863 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2265 New Nelson (John Haig)
709 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
766 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
407 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1767 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1547 2001 Kanji
3c11.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-11-4 SKIP code
5750.2 Four corner code
23-66 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6483 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
promise, approximately, shrink
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
94 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 約 【ヤク】 approximately, about, promise, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)
  • 約束 【ヤクソク】 promise, agreement, arrangement, one's word, contract, pact, appointment, engagement, date, convention, rule, destiny, fate
  • 締約 【テイヤク】 conclusion of a treaty
  • 成約 【セイヤク】 conclusion of a contract

Kun reading compounds

  • 約まる 【つづまる】 to compress, to shrink
  • 約める 【つづめる】 to abridge, to shorten, to economize
  • 約やか 【つづまやか】 concise, brief, humble, frugal, modest, discrete

Readings

Chinese:
yue1, yao1
Korean:
yag, yo

Spanish

  • promesa
  • aproximadamente
  • encogerse
  • economizar

Portuguese

  • promessa
  • aproximadamente
  • recuar

French

  • environ
  • promettre
  • abréger
  • raccourcir
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
591 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
137 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
451 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
808 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
211 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
211 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
381 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1516 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1374 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27242X Morohashi
1280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4440 New Nelson (John Haig)
1362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
534 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2752 2001 Kanji
6a3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2792.0 Four corner code
44-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d04 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
918 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 束 【ソク】 lattice, counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish), handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows)
  • 束縛 【ソクバク】 restraint, restriction, fetters, yoke, shackles, binding, confinement with rope
  • 結束 【ケッソク】 union, unity, solidarity, bundling, binding, tying, putting on (clothes, armour, etc.)
  • 口約束 【クチヤクソク】 verbal promise, one's word

Kun reading compounds

  • 束 【たば】 bundle, bunch, sheaf
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 鍵束 【かぎたば】 bunch of keys
  • 麦束 【むぎたば】 wheat sheaf, stacked wheat
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 束 【つか】 strut, short vertical post, thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.), handbreadth, bundle
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 不束 【ふつつか】 rude, inexperienced, stupid, incompetent
  • 矢束 【やつか】 arrow length, bundle of arrows
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)

Readings

Chinese:
shu4
Korean:
sog

Spanish

  • manojo
  • legajo (papeles)
  • haz (leños)
  • gavilla
  • racimo
  • bobina

Portuguese

  • pacote
  • molho
  • feixe
  • amarra em pacotes
  • governar
  • administrar

French

  • fagot
  • gerbe
  • bouquet
  • promesse
  • mettre en liasse
  • rame (papier)
  • gouverner
  • diriger
  • contrôler
561 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
998 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1126 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
620 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
536 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
501 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
382 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1051 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2214 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2978 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1680 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14480 Morohashi
3554 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2559 New Nelson (John Haig)
1664 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
486 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
34-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
675f Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
gun, arms
Kun:
つつ
On:
ジュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1013 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 銃 【ジュウ】 gun, rifle, small arms
  • 銃器 【ジュウキ】 small arms
  • 短銃 【タンジュウ】 pistol, revolver
  • 小銃 【ショウジュウ】 rifle, small arms

Kun reading compounds

  • 捧げ銃 【ささげつつ】 presenting arms

Readings

Chinese:
chong4
Korean:
chong

Spanish

  • arma
  • pistola
  • rifle

Portuguese

  • Armas
  • arma de fogo

French

  • fusil
  • armes
1365 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1163 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4854 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1185 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1847 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
829 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
848 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1599 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1818 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2157 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1134 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1535 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
769 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40359 Morohashi
1723 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6267 New Nelson (John Haig)
762 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
824 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1736 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2857 2001 Kanji
8a6.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-6 SKIP code
8011.3 Four corner code
29-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9283 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
bow
Parts:
Variants:
bullet, twang, flip, snap
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
853 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 弾 【ダン】 counter for parts (of a story, etc.)
  • 弾圧 【ダンアツ】 oppression, suppression, pressure
  • 防弾 【ボウダン】 bulletproof, bombproof
  • 砲弾 【ホウダン】 shell, cannonball

Kun reading compounds

  • 弾く 【ひく】 to play (a stringed or keyboard instrument)
  • 弾む 【はずむ】 to spring, to bound, to bounce, to be stimulated, to be encouraged, to get lively, to treat oneself to, to splurge on, to breathe hard, to pant, to be out of breath
  • 玉 【たま】 ball, sphere, globe, orb, bead (of sweat, dew, etc.), drop, droplet, ball (in sports), pile (of noodles, etc.), bullet, bulb (i.e. a light bulb), lens (of glasses, etc.), bead (of an abacus), ball (i.e. a testicle), gem, jewel (esp. spherical; sometimes used figuratively), pearl, female entertainer (e.g. a geisha), person (when commenting on their nature), character, item, funds or person used as part of a plot, egg, coin, precious, beautiful, excellent
  • 弾傷 【たまきず】 bullet wound, gunshot wound
  • 弾く 【はじく】 to flip, to snap, to flick, to repel, to use (an abacus), to calculate, to strum, to pluck the strings (of a guitar, etc.)
  • 弾ける 【はじける】 to burst open, to split open, to pop, to be bursting with (e.g. youth, laughter, flavor), to bounce, to bound
  • 弾ける様に笑う 【はじけるようにわらう】 to burst into laughter
  • 弾正台 【だんじょうだい】 Imperial Prosecuting and Investigating Office (1869-1871 CE), Imperial Prosecuting and Investigating Office (under the ritsuryo system)

Readings

Chinese:
dan4, tan2
Korean:
tan

Spanish

  • bala
  • pelota
  • chasquido
  • golpe seco
  • chasquear
  • tocar (piano
  • guitarra
  • etc.)

Portuguese

  • Bala (arma)
  • fanhoso
  • sacudidela
  • estalo

French

  • boulet
  • rebond
  • chiquenaude
  • vibration
1570 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
933 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1575 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1099 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1272 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1880 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1539 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1641 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
590 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
613 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
697 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
524 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1950 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9836P Morohashi
572 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1699 New Nelson (John Haig)
1931 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2081 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1529 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3555 2001 Kanji
3h9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
1925.6 Four corner code
35-38 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5f3e Unicode hex code