Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷ややかさ 【ひややかさ】 coldness, frigidity, indifference
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
flower
Kun:
はな
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
578 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 花形 【ハナガタ】 floral pattern, flourish, ornament, star (actor, player, etc.)
  • 花園 【ハナゾノ】 flower garden
  • 献花 【ケンカ】 flower offering, floral tribute, laying flowers
  • 紅花 【ベニバナ】 safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), dyer's safflower
  • 花かご 【ハナカゴ】 flower basket, flower basket (or plate) used for flower-scattering rituals
  • 花瓶 【ケビョウ】 vase used to hold flower offerings (often made of gilded copper)
  • 天花 【テンゲ】 flowers that bloom in the heavens, paper flowers scattered before the Buddha's image

Kun reading compounds

  • 花 【はな】 flower, blossom, bloom, petal, cherry blossom, beauty, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), ikebana, hanafuda, (the) best, glorious, lovely
  • 花環 【はなわ】 wreath
  • 菜の花 【なのはな】 rape blossoms, rapeseed flowers
  • 紅花 【べにばな】 safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), dyer's safflower

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
hua1
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • flor

Portuguese

  • flor

French

  • fleur
43 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
70 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
9 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
551 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3909 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
328 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
81 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
481 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
255 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
255 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
314 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
641 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2740 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1405 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1894 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1018 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30734P Morohashi
2211 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4980 New Nelson (John Haig)
1009 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1084 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1956 2001 Kanji
3k4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-4 SKIP code
4421.4 Four corner code
18-54 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
82b1 Unicode hex code