Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
moon, month
Parts:
month, moon
Kun:
つき
On:
ゲツガツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
23 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 月 【ゲツ】 Monday
  • 月額 【ゲツガク】 monthly amount (sum)
  • 隔月 【カクゲツ】 every second month, every other month
  • 望月 【モチヅキ】 full moon, 15th day of the lunar calendar, full moon of the eighth lunar month
  • 月中 【ゲツチュウ】 (for the) whole month
  • 月輪 【ゲツリン】 (full) moon, moon when it's round
  • 旧正月 【キュウショウガツ】 lunar New Year (esp. the Chinese New Year)
  • お正月 【オショウガツ】 New Year (esp. first three days), first month of the year, January

Kun reading compounds

  • 月 【つき】 moon, month
  • 月末 【げつまつ】 end of the month
  • 卯月 【うづき】 fourth month of the lunar calendar
  • 祥月 【しょうつき】 month of a person's death

Readings

Japanese names:
おと、 がっ、 す、 ずき、 もり
Chinese:
yue4
Korean:
weol

Spanish

  • mes
  • luna

Portuguese

  • mês
  • lua

French

  • lune
  • mois
12 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
14 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
16 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
26 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2169 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
13 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
59 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
80 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
17 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
17 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
17 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1002 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3674 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2556 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
13 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14330 Morohashi
2956 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2530 New Nelson (John Haig)
13 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
13 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
66 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
28 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3946 2001 Kanji
4b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-1 SKIP code
7722.0 Four corner code
23-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6708 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
embrace, hug, hold in arms
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
871 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 抱負 【ホウフ】 aspiration, ambition, pretension
  • 抱擁 【ホウヨウ】 embrace, hug, holding in one's arms
  • 懐抱 【カイホウ】 idea borne in mind
  • 合抱 【ゴウホウ】 armful

Kun reading compounds

  • 抱く 【いだく】 to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug, to harbour (e.g. grudge), to harbor, to bear, to have (e.g. ambition), to entertain (e.g. hope, suspicion), to have sex with, to make love to, to sleep with, to sit on eggs
  • 抱く 【いだく】 to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug, to harbour (e.g. grudge), to harbor, to bear, to have (e.g. ambition), to entertain (e.g. hope, suspicion), to have sex with, to make love to, to sleep with, to sit on eggs
  • 抱える 【かかえる】 to hold or carry under or in the arms, to have (esp. problems, debts, etc.), to employ, to engage, to hire

Readings

Japanese names:
たば
Chinese:
bao4
Korean:
po

Spanish

  • abrazo
  • sostener en los brazos
  • abrazar

Portuguese

  • abraço
  • abraçar
  • segura em braços

French

  • prendre dans les bras
  • étreindre
  • embrasser
1794 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1229 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1883 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1633 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
562 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
584 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1285 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1359 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1012 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
883 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
363 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
227 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
271 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
652 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11917P Morohashi
306 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 New Nelson (John Haig)
645 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
697 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1186 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1356 2001 Kanji
3c5.15 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
5701.2 Four corner code
42-90 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
62b1 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
woman, female
Parts:
woman, female
Kun:
おんな
On:
ジョニョニョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
151 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 女 【ジョ】 woman, girl, daughter, Chinese "Girl" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
  • 女王 【ジョオウ】 queen
  • 処女 【ショジョ】 virgin, maiden
  • 一女 【イチジョ】 one daughter, eldest daughter, first-born daughter
  • 女性 【ジョセイ】 woman, female, feminine gender
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 老若男女 【ロウニャクナンニョ】 men and women of all ages
  • 天女 【テンニョ】 heavenly nymph, celestial maiden
  • 女房 【ニョウボウ】 wife (esp. one's own wife), court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace, woman (esp. as a love interest)
  • 女官 【ジョカン】 court lady, lady-in-waiting

Kun reading compounds

  • 女 【おんな】 female, woman, female sex, female lover, girlfriend, mistress, (someone's) woman
  • 女形 【おんながた】 onnagata, male actor in female kabuki roles
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon
  • 囲い女 【かこいおんな】 mistress
  • 雌 【め】 female, smaller (of the two), weaker, woman, wife
  • 女神 【めがみ】 goddess, female deity
  • 早乙女 【さおとめ】 young female rice planter, young girl
  • 醜女 【しゅうじょ】 homely woman, plain-looking woman, female demon

Readings

Japanese names:
おな、 た、 つき、 な
Chinese:
nu:3, ru3
Korean:
nyeo, yeo

Spanish

  • femenino
  • mujer

Portuguese

  • mulher
  • fêmea

French

  • femme
  • féminin
32 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
41 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
35 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
178 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1185 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
62 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
42 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
114 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
102 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
102 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
68 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
423 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4226 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2884 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
99 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6036 Morohashi
3418 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1173 New Nelson (John Haig)
98 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
102 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
60 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
19 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1769 2001 Kanji
3e0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4040.0 Four corner code
29-87 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5973 Unicode hex code