Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷や 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (e.g. attitude), frigid, indifferent, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷ややかさ 【ひややかさ】 coldness, frigidity, indifference
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
spear, halberd
Parts:
Variants:
war, battle, match
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
78 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 戦 【セン】 war, battle, match, game, competition
  • 戦域 【センイキ】 war area, battlefield, theater, theatre
  • 開戦 【カイセン】 outbreak of war, starting a war
  • 回戦 【カイセン】 counter for numbering the rounds in a tournament, fight with ... rounds (e.g. boxing)

Kun reading compounds

  • 戦 【いくさ】 war, battle, campaign, fight, troops, forces
  • 戦斧 【せんぷ】 battleaxe
  • 負け戦 【まけいくさ】 lost battle
  • 勝ち戦 【かちいくさ】 victory
  • 戦う 【たたかう】 to make war (on), to wage war (against), to go to war (with), to fight (with), to do battle (against), to compete (against), to struggle (against adversities, etc.), to fight, to contend, to resist
  • 戦く 【おののく】 to shake (from fear, cold, excitement, etc.), to shudder, to tremble
  • 戦ぐ 【そよぐ】 to rustle, to sway, to stir, to flutter
  • 戦慄く 【わななく】 to tremble, to shiver, to shake

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
zhan4
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • guerra
  • batalla
  • lucha
  • pelear
  • batallar
  • combatir
  • luchar

Portuguese

  • guerra
  • batalha
  • disputa

French

  • guerre
  • bataille
  • match
448 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
555 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
526 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
88 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1810 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
399 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
550 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
301 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
301 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
360 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
839 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2242 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1169 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1590 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1948 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11631P Morohashi
1787 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2037 New Nelson (John Haig)
1929 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2079 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
32 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
608 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
959 2001 Kanji
4n9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-4 SKIP code
9355.0 Four corner code
3355.0 Four corner code
32-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6226 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
claw 爪 (爫)
Parts:
Variants:
contend, dispute, argue
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
271 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 争奪 【ソウダツ】 struggle (for), scramble, contest
  • 争議 【ソウギ】 dispute, quarrel, strike
  • 係争 【ケイソウ】 contention, dispute, conflict, controversy
  • 政争 【セイソウ】 political strife

Kun reading compounds

  • 争う 【あらそう】 to compete, to contest, to contend, to quarrel, to argue, to dispute, to be at variance, to oppose, to deny (e.g. evidence)
  • 争うべからざる 【あらそうべからざる】 indisputable

Readings

Chinese:
zheng1
Korean:
jaeng

Spanish

  • pelear
  • disputar
  • discutir
  • competir

Portuguese

  • lutar
  • disputar
  • discutir

French

  • se quereller
  • se disputer
451 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
558 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
529 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
271 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
186 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
311 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
295 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
344 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
302 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
302 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
361 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
274 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2523 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1749 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1162 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
236 Morohashi
2030 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
69 New Nelson (John Haig)
1154 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1238 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
107 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
467 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2547 2001 Kanji
2n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
2750.7 Four corner code
33-72 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e89 Unicode hex code