Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷夏 【レイカ】 cool summer, cold summer, cooler-than-normal summer
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Chinese:
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
frozen, congeal, refrigerate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1284 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 凍結 【トウケツ】 freezing (e.g. water), freezing (prices, wages, assets, etc.), moratorium, suspension (e.g. investment)
  • 凍死 【トウシ】 death from cold, freezing to death
  • 解凍 【カイトウ】 thaw, defrosting, decompression (e.g. of a file), unpacking, extracting, unzipping
  • 自動解凍 【ジドウカイトウ】 self-extracting (file)

Kun reading compounds

  • 凍る 【こおる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
  • 凍える 【こごえる】 to freeze (of one's body), to be frozen, to become numb (with cold), to be chilled
  • 凍てる 【いてる】 to freeze, to freeze over
  • 凍みる 【しみる】 to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal

Readings

Japanese names:
こおり
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • helado
  • congelado
  • helar
  • congelarse
  • helarse
  • entumecerse

Portuguese

  • congelado
  • congelar
  • refrigerar

French

  • gelé
  • congeler
  • réfrigérer
1644 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1274 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
649 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
349 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1205 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1094 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
146 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
97 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
518 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1670 Morohashi
129 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
427 New Nelson (John Haig)
506 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1309 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
364 2001 Kanji
2b8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-8 SKIP code
3519.6 Four corner code
1-37-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51cd Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
house on cliff 广
Parts:
广
warehouse, storehouse
Kun:
くら
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
852 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 庫内 【コナイ】 inside (a refrigerator, warehouse, etc.)
  • 住宅金融公庫 【ジュウタクキンユウコウコ】 Government Housing Loan Corporation
  • 公庫 【コウコ】 finance corporation
  • 蔵 【クラ】 warehouse, storehouse, cellar, magazine, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
  • 庫院 【クイン】 kitchen-cum-office of a Zen temple or monastery, where meals are prepared and senior priests have their offices

Kun reading compounds

  • 蔵 【くら】 warehouse, storehouse, cellar, magazine, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
  • 蔵入れ 【くらいれ】 warehousing, storing in a warehouse
  • 神庫 【ほくら】 small shrine, depository for sacred objects

Readings

Chinese:
ku4
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • almacén
  • bodega

Portuguese

  • depósito
  • armazém

French

  • entrepôt
  • stock
  • magasin
206 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
292 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
275 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
656 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1512 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
582 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
511 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1243 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
825 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
844 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
544 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
589 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3864 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1985 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2682 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
596 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9330 Morohashi
3112 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1617 New Nelson (John Haig)
589 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
633 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
354 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
555 2001 Kanji
3q7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
0025.6 Four corner code
1-24-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5eab Unicode hex code