Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公安 【コウアン】 public safety, public welfare
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, facility, etc.), common, public (matter, place, etc.), (out in the) open
  • 公所 【おおやけどころ】 government office, authorities, state-owned land, crown land (UK, Aus, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Chinese:
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
open, unfold, unseal
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
59 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 開花 【カイカ】 flowers budding, blooming, flowering, showing results, becoming popular, blooming
  • 開演 【カイエン】 curtain raising, starting (e.g. play, concert)
  • 疎開 【ソカイ】 dispersal, evacuation, removal, spreading out (troops), deployment
  • 非公開 【ヒコウカイ】 private, exclusive, secret

Kun reading compounds

  • 開く 【ひらく】 to open, to undo, to unseal, to unpack, to bloom, to unfold, to spread out, to open (for business, e.g. in the morning), to be wide (gap, etc.), to widen, to hold (meeting, etc.), to give, to open, to found (nation, dynasty, sect, etc.), to open (a new business), to set up, to establish, to start, to open (ports, borders, etc.), to open (an account), to open up (new land, path, etc.), to clear, to develop, to open (a file, etc.), to extract (root), to reduce (equation), to cut open (fish), to change (kanji into hiragana), to flare (e.g. skirt), to slacken (into a poor posture)
  • 開き 【ひらき】 opening, gap, dried and opened fish
  • 開き直る 【ひらきなおる】 to become defiant, to turn upon, to become serious
  • 開ける 【ひらける】 to open out (of a view, scenery, etc.), to spread out, to become clear (of a road, visibility, etc.), to open up, to improve (of luck, prospects, etc.), to get better, to develop (of a town, civilization, etc.), to become civilized, to modernize, to grow, to advance (of knowledge, ideas, etc.), to be sensible, to be understanding, to be enlightened, to open (of a new road, railway, etc.), to be opened to traffic, to become populous, to become densely built, to become bustling
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)

Readings

Japanese names:
はる、 か、 ひらき
Chinese:
kai1
Korean:
gae

Spanish

  • abrir
  • desdoblar
  • dar comienzo
  • abrirse
  • estar abierto

Portuguese

  • abrir
  • desdobrar
  • deslacrar

French

  • ouvrir
  • s'ouvrir
  • briser le sceau
171 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
261 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
241 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
80 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4950 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
550 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
270 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1821 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
396 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
400 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
215 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1840 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4121 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2092 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2835 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1636 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41233 Morohashi
3321 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6393 New Nelson (John Haig)
1622 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1750 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
290 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
391 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3855 2001 Kanji
8e4.6 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-4 SKIP code
7744.1 Four corner code
19-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
958b Unicode hex code