Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公安 【コウアン】 public safety, public welfare
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, facility, etc.), common, public (matter, place, etc.), (out in the) open
  • 公所 【おおやけどころ】 government office, authorities, state-owned land, crown land (UK, Aus, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Chinese:
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
harm, injury
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
358 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 害 【ガイ】 injury, harm, evil influence, damage
  • 害虫 【ガイチュウ】 harmful insect, noxious insect, vermin, pest
  • 薬害 【ヤクガイ】 harmful side effects of a medicine or drug
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury

Readings

Chinese:
hai4
Korean:
hae, hal

Spanish

  • desastre
  • obstáculo
  • daño
  • lesión

Portuguese

  • dano
  • injúria

French

  • tort
  • mal
  • blessure
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
460 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
437 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
425 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1306 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
450 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
468 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1181 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
527 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
785 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
481 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2826 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1565 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7165 Morohashi
2272 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1333 New Nelson (John Haig)
1551 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1671 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
428 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
538 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.1 Four corner code
19-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bb3 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
ward off, defend, protect, resist
Kun:
ふせ.ぐ
On:
ボウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
331 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 防衛施設庁 【ボウエイシセツチョウ】 (Japanese) Defense Facilities Administration Agency (Defence)
  • 防衛 【ボウエイ】 defense, defence, protection
  • 砂防 【サボウ】 erosion control
  • 攻防 【コウボウ】 offense and defense, offence and defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 防ぐ 【ふせぐ】 to defend against, to protect against, to prevent, to avert, to avoid

Readings

Japanese names:
あた、 う、 ほう
Chinese:
fang2
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • defender
  • proteger
  • aguantar
  • prevenir
  • presa
  • banco

Portuguese

  • desligar
  • defender
  • proteger
  • resistir

French

  • prévenir (un danger)
  • défendre
  • protéger
  • résister
718 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
812 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
791 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
325 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4980 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
680 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
983 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
374 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
513 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
522 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
781 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
725 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
320 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
203 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1311 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41576 Morohashi
270 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6429 New Nelson (John Haig)
1302 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1399 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
326 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
674 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3645 2001 Kanji
2d4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
1-2-4 SKIP code
7022.7 Four corner code
43-41 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9632 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
stop
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 止血 【シケツ】 stopping of bleeding, stanching, hemostasis, haemostasis
  • 止音器 【シオンキ】 (piano) damper
  • 抑止 【ヨクシ】 check, checkmate, stave off, control, restraint, inhibit, deterrent, deterrence
  • 解止 【カイシ】 termination

Kun reading compounds

  • 止まる 【とまる】 to stop (moving), to come to a stop, to stop (doing, working, being supplied), to come to a halt, to cease, to be stopped, to be suspended, to alight, to perch on
  • 止める 【とめる】 to stop, to turn off, to park, to prevent, to suppress (a cough), to hold back (tears), to hold (one's breath), to relieve (pain), to stop (someone from doing something), to dissuade, to forbid, to prohibit, to notice, to be aware of, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind, to fix (in place), to fasten, to tack, to pin, to nail, to button, to staple, to detain, to keep in custody
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止め 【とどめ】 finishing blow, clincher
  • 留める 【とどめる】 to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to, to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit, to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
  • 止まる 【とどまる】 to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place), to be limited to, to be confined to, to only account for
  • とどまるところを知らない 【とどまるところをしらない】 knowing no bounds, showing no signs of stopping or slowing down
  • 止める 【やめる】 to stop (an activity), to cease, to discontinue, to end, to quit, to cancel, to abandon, to give up, to abolish, to abstain, to refrain
  • 止む 【やむ】 to cease, to stop, to be over
  • やむを得ない 【やむをえない】 cannot be helped, unavoidable
  • 止す 【よす】 to cease, to desist, to cut it out, to lay off (an activity), to drop (a subject) to abolish, to resign, to give up

Readings

Japanese names:
どめ
Chinese:
zhi3
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • parar
  • cesar
  • dejar de hacer
  • detenerse
  • pararse
  • detener

Portuguese

  • parada

French

  • arrêter
  • cesser
220 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
143 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
129 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
400 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2429 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
552 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
202 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
87 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
477 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
485 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
217 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1127 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3659 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1868 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2545 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
376 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16253 Morohashi
2941 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2954 New Nelson (John Haig)
370 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
396 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
415 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
94 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1273 2001 Kanji
2m2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-2 SKIP code
4-4-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
27-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b62 Unicode hex code