Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
eight
Parts:
public, prince, official, governmental
Kun:
おおやけ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
118 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 公 【コウ】 public matter, governmental matter, prince, duke, lord, sir, familiar or derogatory suffix
  • 公安 【コウアン】 public safety, public welfare
  • 王侯 【オウコウ】 king and princes, noble rank
  • 大公 【タイコウ】 archduke
  • 公家 【クゲ】 court noble, nobility, Imperial Court
  • 公廨 【クガイ】 government office
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period

Kun reading compounds

  • 公 【おおやけ】 official, governmental, formal, public (use, facility, etc.), common, public (matter, place, etc.), (out in the) open
  • 公所 【おおやけどころ】 government office, authorities, state-owned land, crown land (UK, Aus, etc.)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 き、 きみ、 きん、 たか、 ただし、 とも、 ひろ、 まさ
Chinese:
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • público
  • imparcial
  • oficial

Portuguese

  • público
  • príncipe
  • oficial
  • governamental

French

  • public
  • prince
  • officiel
  • gouvernemental
210 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
277 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
122 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
579 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
219 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
341 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
156 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
126 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
126 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
152 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2468 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1715 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
792 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1452 Morohashi
1974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
372 New Nelson (John Haig)
784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
847 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
212 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
92 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2071 2001 Kanji
2o2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8073.0 Four corner code
8073.2 Four corner code
24-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
516c Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
harm, injury
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
358 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 害 【ガイ】 injury, harm, evil influence, damage
  • 害虫 【ガイチュウ】 harmful insect, noxious insect, vermin, pest
  • 薬害 【ヤクガイ】 harmful side effects of a medicine or drug
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury

Readings

Chinese:
hai4
Korean:
hae, hal

Spanish

  • desastre
  • obstáculo
  • daño
  • lesión

Portuguese

  • dano
  • injúria

French

  • tort
  • mal
  • blessure
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
460 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
437 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
425 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1306 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
450 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
468 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1181 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
527 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
785 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
481 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2826 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1565 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7165 Morohashi
2272 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1333 New Nelson (John Haig)
1551 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1671 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
428 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
538 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.1 Four corner code
19-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bb3 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
thumb, inch
Parts:
Variants:
vis-a-vis, opposite, even, equal, versus, anti-, compare
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
34 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 対 【タイ】 opposite, opposition, versus, vs., v., to (e.g. "winning a game five to three"), equal footing, equal terms, against ..., anti-, toward ..., to ...
  • 対案 【タイアン】 counter-proposal, counter-suggestion
  • 国対 【コクタイ】 Committee of the National Diet
  • 相対 【ソウタイ】 relativity, relative
  • 対 【ツイ】 pair, couple, set, antithesis, counter for items that come in pairs, counter for sets (of clothes, small furniture, utensils, etc.)
  • 対句 【ツイク】 couplet, antithesis
  • 一対 【イッツイ】 pair, couple
  • 双対 【ソウツイ】 duality

Kun reading compounds

  • 対手 【たいしゅ】 opponent (in combat)
  • 向かう 【むかう】 to face, to go towards, to head towards

Readings

Japanese names:
つし
Chinese:
dui4
Korean:
dae

Spanish

  • opuesto
  • contrario
  • por serie

Portuguese

  • vis-um-vis
  • contrário
  • até mesmo
  • igual
  • versus
  • anti-
  • compara

French

  • vis-à-vis
  • en face
  • régulier
  • égal
  • opposition
  • anti-
  • comparer
461 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
356 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
336 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
55 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2067 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
370 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
476 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
405 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
365 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
366 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
363 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
502 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1025 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
556 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
735 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1742 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7419 Morohashi
831 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1375 New Nelson (John Haig)
1726 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1862 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
39 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
286 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
448 2001 Kanji
2j5.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-3 SKIP code
0440.0 Four corner code
34-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bfe Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
bamboo 竹 (⺮)
Parts:
Variants:
scheme, plan, policy, step, means
On:
サク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
209 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 策 【サク】 plan, policy, means, measure, stratagem, scheme, fifth principle of the Eight Principles of Yong, right upward flick
  • 作戦 【サクセン】 tactics, strategy, military operation, naval operation
  • 施策 【シサク】 policy, measure
  • 国策 【コクサク】 national policy

Readings

Chinese:
ce4
Korean:
chaeg

Spanish

  • esquema
  • plan
  • estrategia

Portuguese

  • esquema
  • plano
  • política
  • passo
  • meios

French

  • moyen
  • plan
  • stratégie
  • politique
  • projet
  • mesures
795 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
883 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
873 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
256 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3393 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
695 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1604 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1767 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
880 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
901 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1057 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1477 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3320 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1720 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2338 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
957 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
26009 Morohashi
2679 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4284 New Nelson (John Haig)
948 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1019 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
256 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
945 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2364 2001 Kanji
6f6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-6 SKIP code
8890.2 Four corner code
26-86 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7b56 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
fundamentals, radical (chem), counter for machines, foundation
Kun:
もともとい
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
241 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 基 【キ】 group, (free) radical, counter for installed or mounted objects (e.g. stone lanterns, gravestones, satellites)
  • 起因 【キイン】 cause, origin
  • 塩基 【エンキ】 base
  • 開基 【カイキ】 foundation of a temple, laying a foundation (stone), open base

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause
  • 失敗は成功のもと 【しっぱいはせいこうのもと】 failure teaches success, failure is a stepping-stone to success
  • 生兵法は大怪我のもと 【なまびょうほうはおおけがのもと】 a little learning is a dangerous thing
  • 基 【もとい】 basis, foundation, cause

Readings

Japanese names:
きい、 とも
Chinese:
ji1
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • fundamento
  • origen
  • base

Portuguese

  • fundamentais
  • radicais (Quim.)
  • comtador para máquinas
  • fundação

French

  • fondements
  • radical (chimie)
  • compteur de machines
  • fondations
755 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
670 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
641 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
382 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1098 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
688 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
435 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1493 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
450 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
457 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
691 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
354 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3312 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1716 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2330 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1783 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5197 Morohashi
2673 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1040 New Nelson (John Haig)
1767 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1904 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
251 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
726 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1972 2001 Kanji
3b8.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-5 SKIP code
2-8-3 SKIP code
4410.4 Four corner code
20-80 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57fa Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Kun:
もと
On:
ホン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
10 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 本 【ホン】 book, volume, script, this, present, main, head, real, regular, counter for long cylindrical things, counter for films, TV shows, etc., counter for goals, home runs, etc., counter for telephone calls
  • 本位 【ホンイ】 standard, basis, principle
  • 社会資本 【シャカイシホン】 social capital, SOC
  • 配本 【ハイホン】 distribution of books

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 本木 【もとき】 original stock
  • 大本 【おおもと】 root, origin, source, cause, basis, foundation
  • 旗本 【はたもと】 shogunal vassal, direct retainer of a shogun

Readings

Japanese names:
まと、 ごう
Chinese:
ben3
Korean:
bon

Spanish

  • libro
  • origen
  • base
  • contador de cosas alargadas

Portuguese

  • livro
  • presente
  • real
  • verdadeiro
  • principal
  • sufixo p/ contagem De coisas longas

French

  • livre
  • présent
  • essentiel
  • origine
  • principal
  • réalité
  • vérité
  • compteur d'objets allongés
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
76 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
70 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
15 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
96 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
20 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
61 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
212 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
25 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
25 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
37 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1046 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4314 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2183 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2937 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
215 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14421 Morohashi
3502 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2536 New Nelson (John Haig)
211 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
47 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1855 2001 Kanji
0a5.25 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5023.0 Four corner code
43-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672c Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
method, law, rule, principle, model, system
Kun:
のり
On:
ホウハッホッフラン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
100 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 法 【ホウ】 law, act, principle, method, mood, dharma
  • 法案 【ホウアン】 bill (law), measure
  • 航法 【コウホウ】 sailing, navigation
  • 会社更生法 【カイシャコウセイホウ】 Corporate Rehabilitation Law
  • 法被 【ハッピ】 happi coat, happy coat, workman's livery coat, traditional Japanese straight-sleeved coat
  • 法度 【ハット】 law, ban, prohibition, ordinance
  • 法主 【ホッス】 high priest
  • 法華経 【ホケキョウ】 Lotus Sutra

Kun reading compounds

  • 法の筵 【のりのむしろ】 preaching place
  • 法面 【のりめん】 slope (e.g. of embankment)
  • 内法 【うちのり】 inside measure
  • 外法 【そとのり】 outside measurements

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
fa3, fa4
Korean:
beob

Spanish

  • método
  • ley
  • doctrina

Portuguese

  • método
  • lei
  • regra
  • princípio
  • modelo
  • sistema

French

  • méthode
  • loi
  • règle
  • principe
  • modèle
  • système
513 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
584 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
145 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2535 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
213 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
676 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
824 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
123 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
123 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
518 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1181 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
391 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
248 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
295 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
758 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17290 Morohashi
333 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3107 New Nelson (John Haig)
751 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
813 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
100 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
516 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
371 2001 Kanji
3a5.20 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3413.1 Four corner code
43-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cd5 Unicode hex code