Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
legs
Parts:
beginning, former time, origin
Kun:
もと
On:
ゲンガン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
192 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 元 【ゲン】 unknown (e.g. in an equation), element (of a set), yuan (monetary unit of China), New Taiwan dollar, Yuan dynasty (China, 1271-1368), Yüan dynasty, Mongol dynasty
  • 原価 【ゲンカ】 cost price
  • 中元 【チュウゲン】 15th day of the 7th lunar month, (last day of) Bon lantern festival, mid-year gift, summer gift, Bon Festival gifts
  • 抗原 【コウゲン】 antigen
  • 元日 【ガンジツ】 New Year's Day
  • 元凶 【ゲンキョウ】 ringleader, main culprit, main cause, source

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元 【もと】 former, ex-, past, one-time, earlier times, the past, previous state, formerly, previously, originally, before
  • 家元 【いえもと】 head of a school (of music, dance), head family of a school
  • 胸元 【むなもと】 breast, chest, pit of the stomach, solar plexus, epigastrium

Readings

Japanese names:
ちか、 はじめ、 はる、 ゆき、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yuan2
Korean:
weon

Spanish

  • comienzo
  • principio
  • origen
  • jefe

Portuguese

  • começo
  • tempo anterior
  • origem

French

  • commencement
  • origine
  • ancien temps
68 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
117 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
106 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
328 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
275 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
106 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
121 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
60 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
137 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
245 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2428 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1226 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1690 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
59 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1340 Morohashi
1929 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
343 New Nelson (John Haig)
59 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
63 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
408 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
89 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3057 2001 Kanji
0a4.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-3 SKIP code
1021.1 Four corner code
1-24-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5143 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
leather, rawhide
Parts:
sheath, case, margin, difference, shells (of beans)
Kun:
さや
On:
ショウソウ
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 鞘翅類 【ショウシルイ】 coleopterans, beetles
  • 髄鞘 【ズイショウ】 myelin sheath (around the axon of a neuron)
  • 幼芽鞘 【ヨウガショウ】 coleoptile, acrospire

Kun reading compounds

  • 鞘 【さや】 scabbard, sheath, cap (on pen, brush, etc.), case, sleeve, margin (between two prices), spread, markup, commission, enclosure, outer fence
  • 鞘当て 【さやあて】 rivalry in love, rivalry for the heart of a woman, quarrel over something trivial, storm in a teacup, quarrel between two samurai due to an (accidental) clash of sheaths while crossing paths
  • 元サヤ 【もとサヤ】 getting back together, being reconciled, returning to normal
  • 弓は袋に太刀は鞘 【ゆみはふくろにたちはさや】 the world is at peace, bows in bags and swords in sheaths

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qiao4, shao1
Korean:
cho

Spanish

Portuguese

French

5099 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
2542 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2259 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1598 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
42850X Morohashi
6587 New Nelson (John Haig)
2784 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2805 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4b12.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-7 SKIP code
4952.7 Four corner code
1-30-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9798 Unicode hex code

4 strokes (also 5)
Radical:
right hand
Parts:
Variants:
income, obtain, reap, pay, supply, store
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
337 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 収穫 【シュウカク】 harvest, crop, ingathering, fruits (of one's labors), gain, result, returns
  • 収益 【シュウエキ】 earnings, proceeds, returns, revenue
  • 徴収 【チョウシュウ】 collection (of fees, taxes, etc.), levy
  • 増収 【ゾウシュウ】 increase in yield

Kun reading compounds

  • 収める 【おさめる】 to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees), to supply, to store, to finish, to bring to a close, to restore (something to its place), to achieve (e.g. a result)
  • 収まる 【おさまる】 to fit into (a box, frame, category, etc.), to be contained within, to fall within (e.g. a budget), to settle down (into), to be installed (in one's rightful place), to be returned (to one's original position), to settle into (one's position), to take up (a post), to occupy (a role), to be delivered, to be paid (e.g. taxes), to be settled (dispute, conflict, etc.), to be sorted, to subside (e.g. wind), to calm down, to abate, to be satisfied (e.g. with an answer), to consent, to agree

Readings

Japanese names:
のぶ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shou1

Spanish

  • ingresar
  • obtener
  • recibir
  • almacenar
  • aceptar
  • ser obtenido
  • ser pagado

Portuguese

  • renda
  • obter
  • colheita
  • pagamento
  • oferta
  • loja

French

  • fournir
  • obtenir
  • payer
  • récolter
  • revenu
  • réserve
631 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
898 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
703 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
411 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
860 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
721 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
392 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
133 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
757 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
770 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
828 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
265 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
31 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
17 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
16 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1524 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3128 Morohashi
198 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
675 New Nelson (John Haig)
1510 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1628 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
831 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1267 2001 Kanji
2h2.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
2774.0 Four corner code
1-28-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53ce Unicode hex code