Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve
Kun:
さむらいはべ.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1939 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 侍従 【ジジュウ】 chamberlain
  • 侍医 【ジイ】 court physician
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour
  • 陪侍 【バイジ】 retainer, attending on the nobility
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour

Kun reading compounds

  • 侍 【さむらい】 warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai, man in attendance (on a person of high standing), retainer
  • 侍蟻 【さむらいあり】 Polyergus samurai (species of amazon ant)
  • 二四六九士 【にしむくさむらい】 mnemonic for remembering the months with fewer than 31 days (ni, shi, mu, ku, etc.)
  • 侍る 【はべる】 to wait upon, to serve

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • sirviente
  • criado
  • samurai

Portuguese

  • garçom
  • samurai
  • esperar sobre
  • servir

French

  • serviteur
  • samouraï
  • servir
1326 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1823 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
427 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1446 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1046 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
559 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
571 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
580 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1878 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
90 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
94 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
62 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
66 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
985 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
589 Morohashi
85 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
192 New Nelson (John Haig)
976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1050 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1150 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2148 2001 Kanji
2a6.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
2424.1 Four corner code
1-27-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f8d Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
go, do
Parts:
Variants:
defense, protection
On:
エイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
400 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 衛生 【エイセイ】 hygiene, sanitation, health
  • 衛星 【エイセイ】 (natural) satellite, moon, (artificial) satellite
  • 自衛 【ジエイ】 self-defense, self-defence
  • 専守防衛 【センシュボウエイ】 nonaggressive defense (policy) (defence)
  • 衛生 【エイセイ】 hygiene, sanitation, health
  • 衛星 【エイセイ】 (natural) satellite, moon, (artificial) satellite
  • 近衛 【コノエ】 Imperial Guards
  • 兵衛 【ヒョウエ】 middle palace guard (ritsuryo system)

Readings

Japanese names:
もり、 い、 まもる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wei4
Korean:
wi

Spanish

  • defensa
  • protección
  • guardián

Portuguese

  • defesa
  • proteção

French

  • défense
  • protection
551 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
646 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
617 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
394 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1639 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
686 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1722 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2452 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
815 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
834 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
780 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1617 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
938 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
526 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
686 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1661 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34073 Morohashi
760 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1776 New Nelson (John Haig)
1646 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1775 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
287 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
813 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2053 2001 Kanji
3i13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-13 SKIP code
2122.1 Four corner code
2150.6 Four corner code
1-17-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
885b Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
long, grow 長 (镸)
Parts:
Variants:
long, leader, superior, senior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
12 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 長 【チョウ】 head, chief, leader, elder, merit, strong point, superiority, major
  • 長官 【チョウカン】 secretary (government), director, chief
  • 体長 【タイチョウ】 length (of an animal), body length
  • 医長 【イチョウ】 medical director, chief physician

Kun reading compounds

  • 長い 【ながい】 long (distance, length), long (time), protracted, prolonged
  • 長居 【ながい】 long visit, overstaying
  • 長 【おさ】 head, chief, leader, elder, the greatest of all, the most excellent
  • 長亀 【おさがめ】 leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • 田長 【たおさ】 master of the rice field, chief farmer, lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 死出田長 【しでたおさ】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 おしゃ、 たかし、 たけ、 な、 は、 ひさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chang2, zhang3
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • largo
  • jefe
  • sobresaliente

Portuguese

  • Longo
  • ambicionar
  • líder
  • chefe

French

  • long
  • chef
116 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
189 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
173 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
25 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4938 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
155 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
95 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
939 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
95 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
95 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
89 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1837 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3163 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1626 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2212 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1939 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41100 Morohashi
2556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6379 New Nelson (John Haig)
1920 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2070 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
90 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
161 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3465 2001 Kanji
0a8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
4-8-1 SKIP code
7173.2 Four corner code
1-36-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9577 Unicode hex code