Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve
Kun:
さむらいはべ.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1939 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 侍従 【ジジュウ】 chamberlain
  • 侍医 【ジイ】 court physician
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour
  • 陪侍 【バイジ】 retainer, attending on the nobility
  • 内侍 【ナイシ】 maid of honor, maid of honour

Kun reading compounds

  • 侍 【さむらい】 warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai, man in attendance (on a person of high standing), retainer
  • 侍蟻 【さむらいあり】 Polyergus samurai (species of amazon ant)
  • 二四六九士 【にしむくさむらい】 mnemonic for remembering the months with fewer than 31 days (ni, shi, mu, ku, etc.)
  • 侍る 【はべる】 to wait upon, to serve

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • sirviente
  • criado
  • samurai

Portuguese

  • garçom
  • samurai
  • esperar sobre
  • servir

French

  • serviteur
  • samouraï
  • servir
1326 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1823 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
427 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1446 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1046 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
559 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
571 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
580 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1878 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
90 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
94 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
62 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
66 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
985 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
589 Morohashi
85 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
192 New Nelson (John Haig)
976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1050 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1150 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2148 2001 Kanji
2a6.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-6 SKIP code
2424.1 Four corner code
1-27-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f8d Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
minster, official
Parts:
retainer, subject
On:
シンジン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1249 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 臣 【オミ】 retainer, attendant, Omi (hereditary title; orig. one of the two highest such titles, later demoted to sixth highest of eight), I, me
  • 臣下 【シンカ】 retainer, subject, vassal, servant
  • 忠臣 【チュウシン】 loyal retainer, loyal subject
  • 重臣 【ジュウシン】 chief vassal, senior statesman
  • 国務大臣 【コクムダイジン】 minister of state, cabinet minister (Japan)
  • 内大臣 【ナイダイジン】 Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE), Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE)

Readings

Japanese names:
おみ、 たか、 と、 とみ、 み
Chinese:
chen2
Korean:
sin

Spanish

  • criado
  • súbdito

Portuguese

  • servente
  • servo
  • subalterno

French

  • servant
  • serviteur
  • sujet
436 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
543 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
512 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
981 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3837 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
855 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
527 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
835 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
854 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1003 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1805 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3806 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1948 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2642 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
856 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30068 Morohashi
3068 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4894 New Nelson (John Haig)
848 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
911 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
484 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3475 2001 Kanji
2t4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-4 SKIP code
7171.7 Four corner code
1-31-35 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
81e3 Unicode hex code