5 strokes
man, human 人 (亻)
by means of, because, in view of, compared with
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
126 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 以降 【イコウ】 on and after, from ... onward, since
  • 以下 【イカ】 not exceeding ..., not more than ..., ... and under, ... and below, ... or fewer, below (a standard, level, etc.), under, beneath, less than, the following, the below-mentioned, the rest, followed by ..., including ..., ... and other (employees, officials, etc.)
  • 縞曹以 【シマソイ】 threestripe rockfish (Sebastes trivittatus)
  • 斑曹以 【ムラソイ】 spotbelly rockfish (Sebastes pachycephalus)

Kun reading compounds

  • 以て 【もって】 with, by, by means of, because of, on account of, for, due to, on (a day, date), at (a time), as of (e.g. today), adds emphasis to preceding word, in addition (to being), moreover, as well as, and, therefore, and so, hence
  • 以ってしても 【もってしても】 (not) even when using ..., (not) even with the help of ..., (not) even by ...


Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • además de
  • más que


  • Por meios de
  • porque
  • em visão de
  • comparada com


  • au moyen de
  • parce que
  • en vue de
  • comparé à
342 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
443 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
419 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
157 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
348 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
221 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
112 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
134 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.10 Japanese for Busy People
46 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
46 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
420 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
43 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
45 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
25 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
26 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1037 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
388 Morohashi
41 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
109 New Nelson (John Haig)
1028 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1105 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
118 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
446 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1262 2001 Kanji
0a5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-3 SKIP code
1-3-2 SKIP code
2810.0 Four corner code
1-16-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ee5 Unicode hex code