Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
hook
Parts:
Variants:
matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly
Kun:
ことつか.うつか.える
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
18 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 事 【ジ】 individual concrete phenomenon (as opposed to a general principle)
  • 事業 【ジギョウ】 project, enterprise, business, industry, operations, venture, service, act, deed, conduct
  • 商事 【ショウジ】 commercial affairs
  • 有事 【ユウジ】 emergency

Kun reading compounds

  • 事 【こと】 thing, matter, incident, occurrence, event, something serious, trouble, crisis, circumstances, situation, state of affairs, work, business, affair, after an inflectable word, creates a noun phrase indicating something the speaker does not feel close to, nominalizing suffix, pretending to ..., playing make-believe ..., alias, aka, nickname, alternative name, also known as
  • 事柄 【ことがら】 matter, thing, affair, circumstance
  • 神事 【しんじ】 Shinto ritual
  • いい事 【いいこと】 good thing, nice thing, good excuse, good grounds, good opportunity, interjection used to impress an idea or to urge a response
  • 仕える 【つかえる】 to serve, to work for, to attend

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • cosa
  • hecho
  • asunto
  • acción

Portuguese

  • matéria
  • coisa
  • fato
  • negócios
  • razão
  • possivelmente

French

  • fait
  • chose
  • matière
  • affaire
  • raison
  • peut-être
230 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
309 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
293 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
32 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
272 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
73 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
108 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
768 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
80 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
80 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
237 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
30 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4384 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2220 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2986 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1164 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
241 Morohashi
3567 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
71 New Nelson (John Haig)
1156 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1240 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
10 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
300 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1547 2001 Kanji
0a8.15 The Kanji Dictionary
4-8-3 SKIP code
5000.7 Four corner code
27-86 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e8b Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former, pre- (e.g. "premodern"), before, earlier
  • 前衛 【ゼンエイ】 advance guard, vanguard, avant-garde (e.g. music)
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field
  • 風前 【フウゼン】 where the wind blows

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part, in the presence of, helping, portion, privates, private parts
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 左前 【ひだりまえ】 wearing a kimono with the right side over the left (normally used only for the dead), going badly (one's business, one's fortune, the economy), being in a bad financial situation, front left, front and left, before and left
  • 出前 【でまえ】 home delivery (of food), outside catering

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Chinese:
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
hook
Parts:
Variants:
beforehand, previous, myself, I
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
180 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 余 【ヨ】 over, more than, I, me
  • 予感 【ヨカン】 presentiment, premonition, hunch, to have a premonition, to have a hunch
  • 起訴猶予 【キソユウヨ】 suspension of indictment, leaving charge on the file
  • 執行猶予 【シッコウユウヨ】 stay of execution, suspended sentence

Kun reading compounds

  • 予め 【あらかじめ】 beforehand, in advance, previously

Readings

Chinese:
yu2, yu3
Korean:
yeo

Spanish

  • de antemano
  • previo

Portuguese

  • de antemão
  • prévio
  • eu mesmo
  • Eu

French

  • auparavant
  • à l'avance
  • moi
  • je
525 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
425 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
403 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
160 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
531 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
294 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
62 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
393 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
397 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
403 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
275 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2477 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1253 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1719 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1607 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
231 Morohashi
1983 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
68 New Nelson (John Haig)
1593 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1719 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
283 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
245 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
0a4.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
2-3-1 SKIP code
1720.2 Four corner code
45-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e88 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
promise, approximately, shrink
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
94 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 約 【ヤク】 approximately, about, promise, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)
  • 約束 【ヤクソク】 promise, agreement, arrangement, one's word, contract, pact, appointment, engagement, date, convention, rule, destiny, fate
  • 締約 【テイヤク】 conclusion of a treaty
  • 成約 【セイヤク】 conclusion of a contract

Kun reading compounds

  • 約まる 【つづまる】 to compress, to shrink
  • 約める 【つづめる】 to abridge, to shorten, to economize
  • 約やか 【つづまやか】 concise, brief, humble, frugal, modest, discrete

Readings

Chinese:
yue1, yao1
Korean:
yag, yo

Spanish

  • promesa
  • aproximadamente
  • encogerse
  • economizar

Portuguese

  • promessa
  • aproximadamente
  • recuar

French

  • environ
  • promettre
  • abréger
  • raccourcir
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
591 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
137 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
451 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
808 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
211 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
211 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
381 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1516 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1374 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27242X Morohashi
1280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4440 New Nelson (John Haig)
1362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
534 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2752 2001 Kanji
6a3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2792.0 Four corner code
44-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d04 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
negative, non-, bad, ugly, clumsy
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
101 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 不 【フ】 un-, non-, negative prefix
  • 不安 【フアン】 anxiety, uneasiness, worry, apprehension, fear, insecurity, suspense
  • 意味不 【イミフ】 of uncertain meaning, ambiguous, cryptic, nonsensical, incomprehensible, perplexing
  • 無 【ブ】 un-, non-, bad ..., poor ...
  • 不気味 【ブキミ】 weird, ominous, eerie, uncanny, ghastly

Readings

Chinese:
bu4, bu2
Korean:
bu, bul

Spanish

  • prefijo negativo: in-
  • des-

Portuguese

  • Prefixo negativo
  • negativa
  • não
  • feia
  • ruim
  • deselegante

French

  • négation
  • non
  • mauvais
  • laid
  • maladroit
500 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
600 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
572 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
134 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
17 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
130 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
104 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
94 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.18 Japanese for Busy People
94 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
94 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
422 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
10 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4242 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2141 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2890 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1225 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19 Morohashi
3434 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
13 New Nelson (John Haig)
1217 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1302 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
103 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
444 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
0a4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
3-3-1 SKIP code
3-2-2 SKIP code
1090.0 Four corner code
41-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0d Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
west 西 (襾, 覀)
Parts:
西
need, main point, essence, pivot, key to
Kun:
い.るかなめ
On:
ヨウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
106 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 要 【ヨウ】 cornerstone, main point, keystone, requirement, need, necessary, required
  • 要因 【ヨウイン】 main cause, primary factor
  • 所要 【ショヨウ】 required, needed, necessary
  • 法要 【ホウヨウ】 Buddhist memorial service

Kun reading compounds

  • 要る 【いる】 to be needed, to be wanted
  • 要 【かなめ】 pivot, vital point, cornerstone, keystone, Japanese photinia
  • 要石 【かなめいし】 keystone

Readings

Japanese names:
とし
Chinese:
yao4, yao1
Korean:
yo

Spanish

  • necesidad
  • punto central
  • esencia
  • necesitar

Portuguese

  • necessidade
  • ponto principal
  • essência
  • pivô
  • chave para

French

  • besoin
  • point principal
  • pivot
  • essentiel
  • point clef
729 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
623 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
593 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
117 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4274 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
262 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
887 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1218 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.16 Japanese for Busy People
419 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
425 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
424 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1639 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3263 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1683 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2290 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1618 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34768P Morohashi
2635 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5515 New Nelson (John Haig)
1604 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1730 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
78 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
536 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3269 2001 Kanji
3e6.11 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-3 SKIP code
1040.4 Four corner code
45-55 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8981 Unicode hex code