Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, interior, among, within, middle, center, centre, during, while, middle, midst, amid, interval, gap, mean, average, second (of three, e.g. sons, volumes), middle, medium grade, medium quality, red-light district
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 碁打ち鳥飼い馬鹿の中 【ごうちとりかいばかのうち】 go players and bird keepers are idiots (both activities demand a lot of time)
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
splendor, flower, petal, shine, luster, ostentatious, showy, gay, gorgeous
Kun:
はな
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1085 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 華 【カ】 flashiness, showiness, brilliance, splendor, bloom, flowers
  • 華僑 【カキョウ】 overseas Chinese
  • 献花 【ケンカ】 flower offering, floral tribute, laying flowers
  • 精華 【セイカ】 essence, quintessence, flower, glory
  • 華厳 【ケゴン】 avatamsa (flower adornment, as a metaphor for becoming a buddha), Avatamska sutra, Kegon (sect of Buddhism)
  • 花かご 【ハナカゴ】 flower basket, flower basket (or plate) used for flower-scattering rituals
  • 法華 【ホッケ】 Nichiren sect, Tendai sect, Lotus Sutra
  • 天花 【テンゲ】 flowers that bloom in the heavens, paper flowers scattered before the Buddha's image

Kun reading compounds

  • 花 【はな】 flower, blossom, bloom, petal, cherry blossom, beauty, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), ikebana, hanafuda, (the) best, glorious, lovely
  • 華やか 【はなやか】 showy, brilliant, gorgeous, florid, gay
  • 武士道の華 【ぶしどうのはな】 flower of chivalry (Bushido)
  • 雪の花 【ゆきのはな】 snowdrop (Galanthus spp.), snow falling like flower petals, snow on a tree resembling a flower, red snow

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua2, hua4, hua1
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • flor
  • pétalo
  • esplendor
  • vistoso

Portuguese

  • esplendor
  • flor
  • pétala
  • brilho
  • lustre
  • ostentação
  • gritante
  • alegre
  • maravilhoso

French

  • splendeur
  • fleur
  • pétale
  • briller
  • lustre
  • ostentatoire
  • voyant
  • magnifique
1046 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
807 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3955 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1409 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1704 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1266 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1074 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1122 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1323 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
656 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2841 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1465 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1973 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1595 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
31119 Morohashi
2283 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5058 New Nelson (John Haig)
1581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1704 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1386 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3k7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
4-10-4 SKIP code
2-4-6 SKIP code
4450.4 Four corner code
1-18-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
83ef Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
dipper
Parts:
fee, materials
On:
リョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N4
295 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 料 【リョウ】 fee, charge, rate, material
  • 料金 【リョウキン】 fee, charge, fare
  • 史料 【シリョウ】 historical materials, historical records, historical sources, archives
  • 使用料 【シヨウリョウ】 use fee, rent

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
liao4
Korean:
ryo

Spanish

  • material
  • precio

Portuguese

  • taxa
  • materiais

French

  • redevance
  • recette
  • frais
  • prix
  • matériau
531 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
629 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
599 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
212 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3468 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
410 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
181 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
319 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
319 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
240 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
951 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1644 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
870 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1187 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1186 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13501 Morohashi
1292 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2374 New Nelson (John Haig)
1178 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1262 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
395 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
559 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1055 2001 Kanji
6b4.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-4 SKIP code
9490.0 Four corner code
1-46-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6599 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth
Kun:
ことわり
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
86 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 理 【リ】 reason, principle, logic, general principle (as opposed to individual concrete phenomenon), (in neo-Confucianism) the underlying principles of the cosmos
  • 理科 【リカ】 science (inc. mathematics, medicine, etc.), natural science, science department (university), science course, science (as a school subject)
  • 合理 【ゴウリ】 rationality
  • 経理 【ケイリ】 accounting, administration (of money)

Kun reading compounds

  • 理 【ことわり】 reason, logic, sense, natural way of things

Readings

Japanese names:
あや、 おさむ、 さと、 さとる、 ただ、 ただし、 とおる、 に、 のり、 ひ、 まこと、 まさ、 まさし、 まろ、 みち、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li3
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • lógica
  • razón
  • preparar

Portuguese

  • lógica
  • arranjo
  • razão
  • justiça
  • verdade

French

  • logique
  • principe
  • raison
  • justice
  • vérité
333 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
239 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
220 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
95 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2942 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
104 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
217 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1361 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.17 Japanese for Busy People
143 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
143 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
241 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1321 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1220 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
881 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
271 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21014 Morohashi
970 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3644 New Nelson (John Haig)
265 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
283 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
59 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
212 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
4f7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.4 Four corner code
1-45-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7406 Unicode hex code