Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, interior, among, within, middle, center, centre, during, while, middle, midst, amid, interval, gap, mean, average, second (of three, e.g. sons, volumes), middle, medium grade, medium quality, red-light district
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while (e.g. one is young), during, within (e.g. a day), in the course of, among, amongst, (out) of, between, in (secret, chaos, poverty, etc.), amidst, with (e.g. success), within oneself, one's feelings, inner thoughts, we, our company, our organization, one's home, one's family, my spouse, my husband, my wife, signed on behalf of (husband's name) by his wife, I, me, imperial palace grounds, emperor
  • 碁打ち鳥飼い馬鹿の中 【ごうちとりかいばかのうち】 go players and bird keepers are idiots (both activities demand a lot of time)
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
1-35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
strict, hard, solid, tough, tight, reliable
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1049 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 堅 【ケン】 strength, solidity, firmness, armour, armor
  • 堅持 【ケンジ】 holding on to, sticking to
  • 中堅 【チュウケン】 nucleus, backbone, mainstay, key figure, medium-level, mid-level, middle-ranking, midsize, main body (of troops), crack troops, select troops, center field, centre field, center fielder, centre fielder, athlete competing in the middle-number match in a team competition, i.e. second in 3-on-3, third in 5-on-5 (kendo, judo, etc.)
  • 米利堅 【メリケン】 America, American, fist

Kun reading compounds

  • 硬い 【かたい】 hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy
  • 堅い商売 【かたいしょうばい】 sound business

Readings

Japanese names:
きん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jian1
Korean:
gyeon

Spanish

  • duro
  • sólido
  • firme
  • apretado
  • estricto

Portuguese

  • de confiança
  • apertado
  • duro
  • sólido
  • firme
  • estrito

French

  • tenace
  • dur
  • strict
  • solide
  • ferme
  • fiable
1217 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
914 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1096 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
995 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1155 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1796 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1289 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1363 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1228 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
356 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3502 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1805 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
861 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5210 Morohashi
2823 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1038 New Nelson (John Haig)
853 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
917 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1513 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3472 2001 Kanji
3b9.13 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-3 SKIP code
2-8-3 SKIP code
7710.4 Four corner code
1-23-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5805 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
undertake, scheme, design, attempt, plan
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
278 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 企画室 【キカクシツ】 planning office
  • 企画 【キカク】 planning, plan, project, arrangements
  • 投企 【トウキ】 projection, project, philosophical concept introduced by Heidegger (Entwurf)
  • 発起 【ホッキ】 originating (something), coming up with the idea, starting (something), initiating, proposing, spiritual awakening, resolution

Kun reading compounds

  • 企てる 【くわだてる】 to plan, to plot, to propose, to design, to intend, to contemplate, to attempt (e.g. suicide, murder), to undertake (e.g. business), to stand on tip-toes
  • 企む 【たくらむ】 to scheme, to plan, to play a trick, to invent, to conspire, to frame up

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qi3, qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • esquema
  • diseño
  • plan
  • emprender
  • idear
  • diseñar
  • planificar

Portuguese

  • empreenda
  • esquema
  • projeto
  • tentativa
  • plano

French

  • entreprendre
  • concept
  • projet
  • essai
  • plan
1120 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
486 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
373 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
966 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1038 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
269 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
481 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
490 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
701 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
48 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2513 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1276 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1742 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
381 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
422 Morohashi
2021 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
135 New Nelson (John Haig)
375 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
401 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1056 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2873 2001 Kanji
2a4.17 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
8010.1 Four corner code
1-20-75 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f01 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
business, vocation, arts, performance
Kun:
わざ
On:
ギョウゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
43 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 業 【ギョウ】 work, business, company, agency, study
  • 業界 【ギョウカイ】 business world, business circles, (the) industry
  • 興業 【コウギョウ】 promotion of industry, inauguration of a new industrial enterprise
  • 鉱業 【コウギョウ】 mining industry
  • 業 【ゴウ】 karma, result of one's karma, fate, destiny, uncontrollable temper
  • 業因 【ゴウイン】 karma
  • 罪業 【ザイゴウ】 sin, iniquity, crime
  • 正業 【ショウゴウ】 right action, correct meditative activity (in Jodo, saying the name of Amitabha)

Kun reading compounds

  • 業 【わざ】 deed, act, work, performance
  • 業師 【わざし】 tricky wrestler, shrewd fellow
  • 寝技 【ねわざ】 pinning technique (in wrestling or judo), underhanded dealings
  • 投げ技 【なげわざ】 throw or throwing technique (sumo, judo)

Readings

Japanese names:
なり、 のぶ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ye4
Korean:
eob

Spanish

  • negocio
  • industria
  • trabajo

Portuguese

  • negócios
  • vocação
  • artes
  • performance

French

  • activité
  • vocation
  • arts
  • représentation
  • karma
380 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
278 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
260 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
54 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
143 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
292 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
199 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2024 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.1 Japanese for Busy People
279 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
307 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1066 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1674 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2265 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1809 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15170 Morohashi
2612 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2789 New Nelson (John Haig)
1792 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1931 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
74 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
419 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1064 2001 Kanji
0a13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
3290.4 Four corner code
1-22-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
696d Unicode hex code