Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 低下 【テイカ】 fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
  • 落下 【ラッカ】 fall, drop, descent, coming down
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, board and lodging, room and board, boarding house, lodging house, lodgings
  • 値下げ 【ネサゲ】 price reduction, price cut, reduction in price, markdown
  • 卑下 【ヒゲ】 self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear, undergarment, underclothes, lingerie
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (someone's) side, (someone's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
gate
Parts:
Variants:
interval, space
Kun:
あいだあい
On:
カンケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
33 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 間 【カン】 interval, period of time, among, between, inter-, good opportunity, chance, estrangement, discord, alienation, spy, secret agent
  • 間隔 【カンカク】 space, interval, space character, whitespace
  • この間 【コノアイダ】 the other day, lately, recently, during this period, meanwhile, in the meantime
  • 年間 【ネンカン】 (period of) a year, during the era (of)
  • 間 【ケン】 ken (6 shaku, approx. 1.818 m), counter used to number the gaps between pillars
  • 間数 【ケンスウ】 number of ken (in length or breadth)
  • 世間 【セケン】 world, society, people, the public
  • 六百間 【ロッピャッケン】 roppyakken (type of card game)

Kun reading compounds

  • 間 【あいだ】 space (between), gap, interval, distance, stretch, period of time (during, while), duration, interval, between (two parties or things), among (a group), relations (between), relationship, midpoint, average, halfway, middle ground, due to, because of
  • 間柄 【あいだがら】 relationship, relation, terms (good, friendly, etc.)
  • この間 【このあいだ】 the other day, lately, recently, during this period, meanwhile, in the meantime
  • 候間 【そうろうあいだ】 as ...
  • 間 【ま】 time, pause, space, room
  • 間に合う 【まにあう】 to be in time (for), to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough, to manage, to make do
  • 大広間 【おおひろま】 main hall, great hall, large hall, reception hall
  • 晴れ間 【はれま】 break (in the weather, esp. rain or snow), interval of clear weather, patch of blue sky, period of serenity
  • 間 【あいだ】 space (between), gap, interval, distance, stretch, period of time (during, while), duration, interval, between (two parties or things), among (a group), relations (between), relationship, midpoint, average, halfway, middle ground, due to, because of
  • 間柄 【あいだがら】 relationship, relation, terms (good, friendly, etc.)
  • 波間 【なみま】 interval between the waves, gap between waves
  • 幕間 【まくあい】 intermission (between acts), interlude

Readings

Japanese names:
ちか、 は、 はざ、 はし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jian1, jian4
Korean:
gan

Spanish

  • intervalo
  • espacio
  • habitación

Portuguese

  • intervalo
  • espaço

French

  • intervalle
  • espace
58 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
100 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
92 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
27 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4949 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
174 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
96 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1822 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.7 Japanese for Busy People
43 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
43 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
161 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1841 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4122 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2094 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2836 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1634 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41249 Morohashi
3323 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6391 New Nelson (John Haig)
1620 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1747 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
31 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
215 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3878 2001 Kanji
8e4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-8-4 SKIP code
7760.7 Four corner code
1-20-54 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9593 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
go-between, relationship
Kun:
なか
On:
チュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
919 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 仲裁 【チュウサイ】 arbitration, intercession, mediation
  • 仲介 【チュウカイ】 agency, intermediation
  • 保革伯仲 【ホカクハクチュウ】 conservatives and reformists being neck and neck, balanced conservative and progressive strengths
  • 勢力伯仲 【セイリョクハクチュウ】 (the two sides) being evenly-matched in influence or power

Kun reading compounds

  • 仲 【なか】 relation, relationship
  • 仲間 【なかま】 companion, fellow, friend, mate, comrade, partner, colleague, coworker, associate, group, company, circle, set, gang, member of the same category (family, class)
  • ツーカーの仲 【ツーカーのなか】 relationship based on intuitive understanding of each other
  • 不仲 【ふなか】 discord, (on) bad terms (with)

Readings

Japanese names:
ちゅん、 つづき、 なかつ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • mediación
  • relación

Portuguese

  • Relacionamento
  • entre (algo)

French

  • relation
  • médiation
  • intermédiaire
571 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
934 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
892 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
378 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1332 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
305 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
227 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1347 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1430 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1169 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
67 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
47 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
27 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
965 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
403 Morohashi
43 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
140 New Nelson (John Haig)
956 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1029 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
468 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2155 2001 Kanji
2a4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-4 SKIP code
2520.6 Four corner code
1-35-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ef2 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
filial piety, child's respect
On:
コウキョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
1030 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 孝 【コウ】 filial piety
  • 孝行 【コウコウ】 filial piety, showing devotion (to someone)
  • 親不孝 【オヤフコウ】 lack of filial piety, disobedience to one's parents
  • 不孝 【フコウ】 undutifulness to one's parents, lack of filial piety, (the crime of) cursing one's parents, disowning one's child
  • 孝 【コウ】 filial piety
  • 不孝 【フコウ】 undutifulness to one's parents, lack of filial piety, (the crime of) cursing one's parents, disowning one's child

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 たかし、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiao4
Korean:
hyo

Spanish

  • devoción filial
  • deber filial

Portuguese

  • piedade filial
  • respeito pelas crianças

French

  • piété filiale
  • respect des anciens
781 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
870 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
860 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1249 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
773 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
865 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1204 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
541 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
542 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
551 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
738 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
459 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3973 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2044 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1261 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6952 Morohashi
3205 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1289 New Nelson (John Haig)
1253 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1342 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
850 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1447 2001 Kanji
2k4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-3 SKIP code
3-4-3 SKIP code
4-6-4 SKIP code
4-7-4 SKIP code
2-4-2 SKIP code
3-4-2 SKIP code
4440.7 Four corner code
1-25-7 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b5d Unicode hex code