Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 低下 【テイカ】 fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
  • 落下 【ラッカ】 fall, drop, descent, coming down
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, board and lodging, room and board, boarding house, lodging house, lodgings
  • 値下げ 【ネサゲ】 price reduction, price cut, reduction in price, markdown
  • 卑下 【ヒゲ】 self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear, undergarment, underclothes, lingerie
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (someone's) side, (someone's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
field
Parts:
turn, number in a series
Kun:
つが.い
On:
バン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
348 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 番 【バン】 number (in a series), (one's) turn, watch, guard, lookout, rank, standing, position, bout, match, pieces (in a collection)
  • 番号 【バンゴウ】 number, series of digits
  • 当番 【トウバン】 being on duty, person on duty, one's turn
  • 119番 【ヒャクジュウキュウバン】 119 (ambulance and fire brigade emergency telephone number in Japan)

Kun reading compounds

  • 番い 【つがい】 pair (esp. of mated animals), brace, couple, (anatomical) joint
  • つがい目 【つがいめ】 joint, hinge
  • 手番 【てつがい】 plan, arrangements

Readings

Japanese names:
は、 ま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fan1, pan1
Korean:
beon, ban

Spanish

  • turno
  • orden
  • observar
  • guardar
  • proteger

Portuguese

  • vez
  • número em uma série

French

  • tour (de rôle)
  • numéro dans une série
306 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
215 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
196 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
323 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4811 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
257 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
745 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1773 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
185 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
185 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
551 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1345 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3416 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2396 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1928 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21858 Morohashi
2748 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3762 New Nelson (John Haig)
1909 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2058 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
222 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2276 2001 Kanji
5f7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-7-5 SKIP code
4-11-3 SKIP code
2-1-11 SKIP code
2060.9 Four corner code
1-40-54 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
756a Unicode hex code