Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
ten, complete
Parts:
half, middle, odd number, semi-, part-
Kun:
なか.ば
On:
ハン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
224 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 半 【ハン】 half, semi-, half-past, odd number, unit of land area (595.8 m^2)
  • 半額 【ハンガク】 half the amount (of money), half price, half fare
  • 四畳半 【ヨジョウハン】 four and a half tatami mats, four-and-a-half-mat room, small room esp. for assignations
  • 過半 【カハン】 the greater part

Kun reading compounds

  • 半ば 【なかば】 middle, halfway, midway, half (of), one half, half (e.g. done, jokingly), partly, in part, partially, mostly, almost, nearly
  • 半ば過ぎ 【なかばすぎ】 beyond the middle

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ban4
Korean:
ban

Spanish

  • mitad
  • medio
  • incompleto
  • semi-
  • semi
  • a medias
  • en parte

Portuguese

  • metade
  • médio
  • número ímpar
  • semi-
  • parte-

French

  • moitié
  • demi
  • milieu
  • nombre impair
129 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
214 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
195 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
224 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
132 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
150 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
28 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
213 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
88 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
88 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
159 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
243 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4313 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2182 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1210 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2707X Morohashi
3501 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
608 New Nelson (John Haig)
1202 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1286 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
324 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
113 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1055 2001 Kanji
0a5.24 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
9050.0 Four corner code
1-40-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
534a Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
moon, month
Parts:
Variants:
period, time, date, term
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
117 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 期 【キ】 period, time, opportunity, chance, occasion, age, term (e.g. in office), session (e.g. of parliament), stage (e.g. of a disease), season (e.g. of a TV series)
  • 期間 【キカン】 period, term, interval
  • 周期 【シュウキ】 cycle, period
  • 当期 【トウキ】 current term (period)
  • 期 【ゴ】 time, moment, limit, time of death, last moment, midnight in red-light districts during the Edo period
  • 期日 【キジツ】 fixed date, settlement date
  • 一期 【イチゴ】 one's whole life, one's lifetime
  • 非業の最期 【ヒゴウノサイゴ】 unnatural death, violent death

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ji1, qi1, qi2
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • período
  • plazo
  • intención
  • propósito

Portuguese

  • período
  • tempo
  • data
  • termo

French

  • période
  • temps
  • date
  • terme
183 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
269 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
251 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
119 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3785 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
619 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
614 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1671 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
449 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
456 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
690 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1008 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2139 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1520 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1781 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14378 Morohashi
1704 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4836 New Nelson (John Haig)
1765 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1902 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
247 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
394 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1946 2001 Kanji
4b8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
4782.0 Four corner code
1-20-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
671f Unicode hex code