Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 光に満ちた空 【ひかりにみちたそら】 sky suffused with light
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless
  • 虚しい名声 【むなしいめいせい】 empty name

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Chinese:
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1000 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 控訴 【コウソ】 koso appeal (initial appeal to a higher court)
  • 控除 【コウジョ】 subtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy

Kun reading compounds

  • 控える 【ひかえる】 to be temperate in, to refrain, to abstain, to hold back, to restrain oneself from excessive ..., to make notes, to jot down (e.g. phone number), to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for, to be soon, to be in the offing, to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)
  • 控え 【ひかえ】 reserve, spare, backup, note, memorandum, duplicate, copy, stub (of a ticket, etc.), waiting one's turn
  • 控え室 【ひかえしつ】 waiting room, anteroom, antechamber, green room

Readings

Chinese:
kong4
Korean:
gong, gang

Spanish

  • contención
  • refreno
  • moderación
  • apuntar
  • tomar nota
  • contenerse
  • refrenarse
  • moderarse

Portuguese

  • retirar
  • extrair
  • devolver
  • privar-se de
  • ser moderado

French

  • se retenir
  • s'abstenir
  • se retirer
  • réservé
  • modéré
1258 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1301 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1941 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1658 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1363 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1718 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1835 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1479 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
899 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
600 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
363 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1329 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12283 Morohashi
495 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2202 New Nelson (John Haig)
1318 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1415 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1440 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1372 2001 Kanji
3c8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
5301.1 Four corner code
25-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
63a7 Unicode hex code