Jisho

×

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 艮下艮上 【ゴンカゴンショウ】 one of the 64 trigrams
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, surface, on, before, previous, superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder), on top of that, besides, what's more, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), suffix indicating higher social standing, place of one's superior (i.e. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上野 【うえの】 section of Tokyo
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity, Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region (esp. during Edo period)
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo), northward (towards Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 home territory of a powerful figure, Imperial Court, businessman's turf, Shogun's headquarters
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, downward going, southbound
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 descent, downhill, decline, waning
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
work
Parts:
left
Kun:
ひだり
On:
シャ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
630 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 左 【サ】 left (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), the following
  • 左右 【サユウ】 left and right, influence, control, domination
  • 極左 【キョクサ】 extreme left, ultraleft
  • 最左 【サイサ】 left-most
  • 左官 【サカン】 plasterer

Kun reading compounds

  • 左 【ひだり】 left, left hand side
  • 左腕 【さわん】 left arm, left-handed (baseball pitcher)
  • 向かって左 【むかってひだり】 on the left as one faces (it)
  • 同左 【どうひだり】 same as on the left

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
zuo3
Korean:
jwa

Spanish

  • izquierda

Portuguese

  • Esquerda

French

  • gauche
18 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
22 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
477 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1455 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
87 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
50 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
169 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.12 Japanese for Busy People
75 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
75 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
36 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
552 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3692 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1887 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2567 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
77 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8720 Morohashi
2974 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1535 New Nelson (John Haig)
77 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
81 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
374 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
39 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
0a5.20 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4001.1 Four corner code
26-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5de6 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
right
Kun:
みぎ
On:
ユウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
602 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 右中間 【ウチュウカン】 between right and center fielders (centre)
  • 右側 【ミギガワ】 right side, right hand
  • 極右 【キョクウ】 far right (in politics), extreme right, ultraconservative
  • 最右 【サイウ】 right-most, rightmost
  • 右筆 【ユウヒツ】 private secretary, amanuensis
  • 右文 【ユウブン】 respect for literary culture
  • 上下左右 【ジョウゲサユウ】 up and down, left and right, top and bottom, left and right

Kun reading compounds

  • 右 【みぎ】 right, right hand side, afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
  • 右腕 【みぎうで】 right arm, right-hand man, right hand, right-hand person, right-handed pitcher
  • 上右 【うえみぎ】 upper right (corner)
  • 下右 【したみぎ】 lower right (corner)

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 すけ
Chinese:
you4
Korean:
u

Spanish

  • derecha

Portuguese

  • Direita

French

  • droite
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
2 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
503 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
878 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
88 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
33 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
171 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.12 Japanese for Busy People
76 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
76 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
35 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
277 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3693 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1888 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2568 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
78 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3250 Morohashi
2975 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
700 New Nelson (John Haig)
78 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
82 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
384 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
38 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1477 2001 Kanji
3d2.15 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4060.0 Four corner code
17-6 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53f3 Unicode hex code